Child Mortality and Morbidity In West Africa: Assignment Sample

Table of Contents
Section 1
Introduction
Section 2
Effect of the mortality and morbidity on society, mother and child
Section 3
Causes of child mortality and morbidity in relation to poverty and inequality
Section 4
Evaluating global programmes and policies for the issue 4
Section 5
Health promotion initiatives and preventive strategies 5
Section 6
Recommendations
Conclusion

Section 1

Introduction

The terms mortality and morbidity, though not identical, are often related to each other. Morbidity relates to the state of being ill for a specific situation or disease. Contrast to this, mortalityin the number of deaths that happen in a population. For evaluating epidemiological surveillance ofWest Africa, likehealth and death statistics, it is important to look at the problems and health conditions prevailing in that area. According to the record presented by the UN-IGME-Child-Mortality-Report-2018, Mali has the greatest mortality rate in West Africa, which relate to 100 per 1000 live. Cape Verde’s infant mortality rate is low when compared to others (51 per 1000).

child mortality and morbidity assignment sample

Section 2

Effect of the mortality and morbidity on society, mother and child

Women face higher risk of maternal death due to poor medical facilities atpregnancy and birth in areas of West Africa likeMali, Sierra LeoneandLiberia. The most significant causes of death are hypertension that often goes unnoticed, severe internal haemorrhage, sepsis that may because due to prolonged labour, damaged skin tissue, multiple caesarean sections or parts of placenta remaining inside the womb of the mother. Moreover, availability of wide spectrum antibiotics used for severe sepsis is less in West African countries. 

Section 3

Causes of child mortality and morbidity in relation to poverty and inequality

Living in an unequal society causes status anxiety and stress levels go high. Rise of infectious disease is the main cause of morbidity rate in West Africa. This developing part of Africa has a high number of deaths caused by severity of infectious diseases. In a2008 report, it was accounted that two-thirds of the assumed 8.8 million deaths of children “under the age of five” are due to spreading of different types of infectious diseases. Costs of the West African society increased to double due to the increased spread of communicable diseases that spread fast. Causes of the rapid spread can be globalization, climatic change and urbanization. 

Section 4

Evaluating global programmes and policies for the issue

The world healthorganizations (WHO) havetries to implement various strategies and plans to combat poverty, malnutrition and inequality issues. Increasing capacity and enhancing development of education without gender discrimination is of top priority, creation of job and prompting economic development is crucial for women empowerment. Moreover, providing proper schooling facilities and building medically advanced clinics can help tackle the problem of the spread of infectious disease. 

Section 5

Health promotion initiatives and preventive strategies

Disease prevention and health promotion programs focus on “keeping people healthy”. Heath promotion policies and programs aim to empower and engage communities and individuals to make changes in their daily habits and lifestyle, choose healthy behaviours and decrease the risk of developing chronic morbidities. The three main strategies for promoting health are building healthy public policies, creating supportive environments to strengthen community action plans andre-orient health services for better public health and reduction of infant mortality rate. Communication and creating awareness regarding health is very crucial for providing a better heath environment. 

Section 6

Recommendations

Conclusion

The study shows that child mortality and morbidity remains a paramount health challenge for the healthcare units and government of West Africa.Despite various efforts to tackle morbidity and mortality rate in infants, it is crucial to start an intervention of healthcare on a global level.


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