asphalt

Characterization of the performance of asphalt binder module with nano composite

Research background

Asphalt is an engineering or construction material. It is developed by the use of polymer modifiers such as polyethylene, rubber, styrene butadiene styrene, and ethylene vinyl acetate. Asphalt has many drawbacks in general use, so many researchers are working to mitigate these problems by the use of pavement engineering. Asphalt is a material which is used for the construction of road due to having different qualities like waterproofing, viscoelastic, mechanical, and adhesive. In addition to this, the production of hot-mix asphalt is much useful in the construction of flexible pavements (Ziari et al., 2014). The performance of asphalt with nano composite plays an essential role to produce effective and durable construction.  If the constructer uses the asphalt binder module nano composite then it will provide long life service as well as need low maintenance. The construction through the use of asphalt binder module with nano composite is also cost-effective for the constructer because it has a low cost of maintenance. So, the demand for high-quality asphalt is increasing in the market.

Over the last decade, the researcher was founding the material which will increase the quality of asphalt to disperse it. But in the current scenario, different nonmaterial are using in the asphalt to reduce the negative impact (Fini et al., 2015). The polymer additives are using as nonmaterial in the asphalt binder module to improve the positive role. The performance test of asphalt mix helps to identify the indirect tensile, dynamic creep, rutting, flexural fatigue and moisture susceptibility. The nano-powder and other materials are mixed into the asphalt for increasing the quality and performance of the construction product. The binder test considers the process of mix to identify the standards of this mix. For this, the researcher provides several conventional binder tests like penetration, viscosity tests, and softening point (Yao et al., 2015). The different types of test in the nanomaterial present play an important role to improve the material quality of asphalt with polymer additives. The SBS, montmorillonite, and vermiculite are also using in the asphalt thermal storage.

The performance of asphalt can be increased by the use of nano composite in the material as well as the storage stability would be increased. The construction project can be affected by the temperature and raining or the watering so that the asphalt binder module with nano composite is used to reduce the effect (Veytskin et al., 2015). At the same time, the road and other construction of asphalt can be extremely affected by the high loading weight and hard traffic. For this, the organization or contractor needs to invest more in repair and maintenance. In order to reduce the impacts, the researcher provided different nanomaterials to the civil engineering like nanoclay, nano silica, and carbon nanotube to increase the quality and performance of asphalt.

Research problem-

In this research, the researcher investigates the performance of Asphalt by the use of different nano composite. The researcher will identify most common and effective nano composite for the construction purpose. In this, the researcher needs to select the most appropriate method for mixing the asphalt and nano material (Sarsam, 2013). The performance of the asphalt should be increased by the use of effective nano material in the constriction. In this research, the different tests like conversational binder test, storage stability test, dynamic viscoelastic properties, isochronal plot, black diagram, atomic force microscopy, x-ray diffraction and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. The testing of asphalt binder module with nano composite which will increase the capacity of construction in temperature susceptibility. In this research, it is identified that asphalt can effectively work in the negative situation by the use of nano composite.

In addition to this, this research will provide the literature review that will demonstrate different benefits for students as an academic purpose. The researcher or student will identify the physical and rheological characteristics of the modification of asphalt by nanoparticles by the use of different methods. The provided researchers will different results of the test that will increase the level of knowledge of students. This research will be helpful to identify the loading capacity of the construction in the low temperature or in the high temperature. So, the civil students can use their knowledge in the academic purpose. At the same time, this knowledge will also improve the practical understanding of the student that would use in the future in the job. It is identified that the research will demonstrate effective results and mitigate the organisational issues.

Research significance

The research topic to address Characterization of performance of asphalte binder module with nano composite is really an interesting for doing the research.  The completion of this research study will be helpful for the researcher in the both context such as academic and professional career (Neuman, 2013). In this, the completion of this research study will help the researcher to get the degree in its coursework. It is because this research task is part of the academic career of the researcher. It will help the researcher to develop the depth understanding of the subject in which it is studying. Along with this, the completion of this research task will also helpful for the researcher to sharp their skills and understanding. The gained experience and knowledge from the completion of this research study will also help to develop the knowledge on the asphalte binder module with nano composite (Golestani et al., 2012). It will help to the researcher to develop the professional career in the experiment in this area.

Literature Review

Introduction

This chapter aims is to analyse the characterization of Asphalte binder module with Nano composite. In addition to this, the study explore the concepts such as Asphalte, Nano composite etc. Similarly, the significance of Nano component will be identified. Basically, this chapter helps the researcher to explore the research study through develop an understanding about the concept and significances and its positive impact over the construction company (Wang et al., 2014). This study will help the researcher to reach towards the valid research outcomes and result. Thus, this chapter provide detail understanding about the research topic.

Literature Review

From the research of Del Carmen Rubio et al., (2013), it is determined that there is a vital role of the nano composite in the road construction because it increases the effectiveness of the road and make it more durable as compared to the without use of nano composite on the road construction. In the research of Fu et al., (2011), it is illustrated that there are different materials that are available in the market and use in the road construction but at the same time, the use of all these materials are not effective for the firms related to the road constructed as compared to the nano composite. In the same concern of this, from the research of Jamshidi et al., (2012), it is illustrated that asphalt mix also quite effective in the development of the road and the road construction. In this, it is also stated that there are different modifiers that are used to increase the performance of the asphalt mix but at the same time, the use of polymers is more effective for the firms to increases performance of the asphalt mix. It is because it increases the value of value of epoxidized natural rubber and also increases the durability of the road. Because of this, it can be determined that the use of asphalt mix is effective for the firms and the all road constructions.

In the research findings of Fu et al., (2011), it is illustrated that the use of asphalt mix is quite effective but at the same time, there are different issues and the challenges that are faced in the use of road construction. It is because the availability of the asphalt mix is very complex that creates the issue for the users to get the better use of this product. As well as, in the high temperature, the use of nano composite and the asphalt mix is also not effective. In like manner, from the research of Mahrez, & Karim (2010), it is also illustrated that the cost is also one of the major issues. It is because the cost of asphalt mix and the nano composite is also high that is not affordable by each and every firm. Because of this, it can be determined that there are various issues that are also faced by the firms in the use of asphalt mix. In the research findings of Fu et al., (2011), it is determined that there are different ways that can also be used by the firms in the better use of the asphalt mix. In this, make much easier the use of asphalt mix from the temperature is also one of the effective way that can be used by the firms that provide the asphalt mix or the nano composite. It is because it will be easy for the firm to provide the nano composite for all purposes related to the constriction and to increase the durability of the firm. In oppose of this, in the research findings of Jamshidi et al., (2012), it can be determined that increase the production process of nano composite can be a better option for the firms and the users. It is because it increases the availability of the nano composite and the use of asphalt mix.

Experimental Design

There are two types of material are used to produce the base and modified binders in the laboratory. These materials are asphalt binder and Nanoparticles etc. The mixture of these components give rise to the base binder as this base proves to be effective for the construction industry. This base binder was 60/70 penetration grade and it is obtained from the Port Klang Factory in Malaysia. The combination of both the above material gives rise to the best Nanoparticles in the form of physical properties, temperature susceptibility, rotational viscosity, storage stability etc. At the same time, the Nano composite will also help in the emission of less toxic carbon component. Thus, the Nano composite plays an important role in the construction industry especially when it comes to road construction.

The sample preparation is prepared through melting the Al2O3 Nano particles. It is developed to produce the three modified asphalt binders. However, the asphalt was over-heated until it becomes the fluid as desired (140–150°C) and the Silverson high shear mixer is used to mix the material at constant temperature of 150 ± 1°C at 3000rpm for 60 min for ensuring the production of homogenous mixtures. Hence, this process creates the Nano particles.

In the views of Zhao et al. (2017), there are various significance with the experimental procedure are arise. These are the physical properties, temperature susceptibility, rotational viscosity, storage stability; Fourier infrared spectroscopy etc. from the testing of physical properties, the softening, durability and relevancy will be gained. Thus, the study shows that Nanoparticles are quite important for the construction companies.

Research methodology

In the research study, in order to achieve the aim and objective of the research study, the researcher takes the help of the research methodology. The selection of the appropriate methodology helps the researcher to represent the research study in the effective manner. In the other word, the methodology is a significant part of the research study that helps to completion of the research study.  As the main research aim is to identify the characterization of performance of asphalte binder module with nano composite, the research will also analyse.
Typically, there are two types of the research philosophies that are used by the researchers in the research study. In the views of Taylor et al., (2015) research philosophy represents the way of the thinking of the researchers that is help in the development of understanding on the research issue. However, in the research study, there are three kinds of the research philosophies such as such as positivism, realism and interpretivism philosophies. In this, positivism philosophy is used when the research is based on the natural science and prefers working on social reality. It is helpful to obtain the law related outcomes in the research study. On the other hand, interpretivism philosophy is used to interpret the research problem in the deeply (Golestani et al., 2012). The consideration on interpretivism philosophy helps the researcher to develop the theoretical understanding. Realism is based on the reality exists in the environment in the form of human that is based on the mix of interpretivism philosophies and positivism philosophy. In the context of this, research study, positivism philosophy will be used by the researcher. It is because it is suitable in identifying characterization of performance of asphalte binder module with nano composite.

References

Del Carmen Rubio, M., Moreno, F., Martínez-Echevarría, M. J., Martínez, G., & Vázquez, J. M. (2013). Comparative analysis of emissions from the manufacture and use of hot and half-warm mix asphalt. Journal of Cleaner Production41, 1-6.

Fini, E.H., Hajikarimi, P., Rahi, M. and Moghadas Nejad, F., 2015. Physiochemical, rheological, and oxidative aging characteristics of asphalt binder in the presence of mesoporous silica nanoparticles. Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering28(2), p.04015133.

Fu, P., Jones, D., & Harvey, J. T. (2011). The effects of asphalt binder and granular material characteristics on foamed asphalt mix strength. Construction and Building Materials25(2), 1093-1101.

Golestani, B., Nejad, F.M. and Galooyak, S.S., 2012. Performance evaluation of linear and nonlinear nanocomposite modified asphalts. Construction and Building Materials35, pp.197-203.

Jamshidi, A., Hamzah, M. O., & Shahadan, Z. (2012). Selection of reclaimed asphalt pavement sources and contents for asphalt mix production based on asphalt binder rheological properties, fuel requirements and greenhouse gas emissions. Journal of Cleaner Production23(1), 20-27.

Mahrez, A., & Karim, M. R. (2010). Fatigue characteristics of stone mastic asphalt mix reinforced with fiber glass. International Journal of the Physical Sciences5(12), 1840-1847.

Neuman, W.L., 2013. Social research methods: Qualitative and quantitative approaches. UK: Pearson education.

Sarsam, S.I., 2013. Effect of Nano Materials on Asphalt Cement Properties. International Journal of Scientific Research in Knowledge1(10), p.422.

Taylor, S.J., Bogdan, R. and DeVault, M., 2015. Introduction to qualitative research methods: A guidebook and resource. USA: John Wiley & Sons.

Veytskin, Y., Bobko, C., Castorena, C. and Kim, Y.R., 2015. Nanoindentation investigation of asphalt binder and mastic cohesion. Construction and Building Materials100, pp.163-171.

Wang, R., Sun, X., Zhang, B., Sun, X., & Su, D. (2014). Hybrid Nanocarbon as a Catalyst for Direct Dehydrogenation of Propane: Formation of an Active and Selective Core–Shell sp2/sp3 Nanocomposite Structure. Chemistry-A European Journal20(21), 6324-6331.

Yao, H., Dai, Q. and You, Z., 2015. Chemo-physical analysis and molecular dynamics (MD) simulation of moisture susceptibility of nano hydrated lime modified asphalt mixtures. Construction and Building Materials101, pp.536-547.

Zhao, L. Z., Zhou, Q., Zhang, J. S., Jiao, D. L., Liu, Z. W., & Greneche, J. M. (2017). A nanocomposite structure in directly cast NdFeB based alloy with low Nd content for potential anisotropic permanent magnets. Materials & Design117, 326-331.

Ziari, H., Akbari, T., Farahani, H. and Goli, A., 2016. The effect of Lucobit polymer on bitumen performance. Petroleum Science and Technology34(6), pp.512-516.

Ziari, H., Farahani, H., Goli, A. and Sadeghpour Galooyak, S., 2014. The investigation of the impact of carbon nano tube on bitumen and HMA performance. Petroleum Science and Technology32(17), pp.2102-2108.

 

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