Chronic diseases and its impact on the wellness
Chronic diseases are illness caused for a long duration and reflect slow progression. As mentioned by WHO(world health organisation) there are mainly 4 types of chronic diseases like heart attacks including strokes, chronic respiratory diseases, cancer, and diabetics.
It is one of the major factors causing deaths in the developing and developed nations of the world. As per a report published in 2008, around 36 million deaths were recorded due to chronic diseases.
Around 80% of the deaths due to the chronic diseases are recorded in the low and middle income nations. The economic impact due to the chronic diseases is expected to be high as predicted by “WHO.” This report examines the economic, social, emotional, physical, financial, and psychological impact associated with the chronic diseases (Hegney et al., 2008).
As per a self-report presented in 2014-15 by the “National health survey” it was found that around 50% of the Australians suffered from one or the other types of the chronic diseases.
It was also stated that around 1/3rd of the overall burden of the chronic diseases experienced by the people can be prevented by reducing the direct exposure to the modified risk factors including biomedical and behavioural risks. However, it is possible only after creating awareness amongst the people to get involved into the practice of a healthy lifestyle.
A high level of the framework is being implemented by the Australian government. His framework provides a high level guideline to allow the health professionals and government to create and implement innovative policies, action plans, and strategies to control the chronic conditions of the Australian people.
The issues are being addressed at the national level, wherein wide range of programs and healthcare initiatives are introduced to support the prevention of the chronic disease occurrences and to provide the best treatment to the people.
Australian government has also taken care of the funding process, to provide the best quality clinical research and treatment process. These funds are used to help people to deal with the chronic conditions and to develop an effective method to control the death occurring due to the serious medical conditions (Kramer et al., 2012).
The government has introduced a nationwide wellness programs to support the preventive measures, to improve the course of treatment to be provided to the people and the management of the issue.
Funds are being raised to provide a quality clinical research and to provide the best course of the treatment to the patients with chronic diseases. These programs include a constant monitoring process including a surveillance method that would determine the reasons for the increase in the number of people dying from chronic diseases.
Some of the programs introduced by the government include –
- Evidence based promotional programs to improve the lifestyle of the people
- Medicare benefit schedule that intends to provide subsidies for the patient care services (Sperl-Hillen et al., 2004).
- Pharmaceutical benefit scheme that includes providing high subsidies to the people diagnosed with chronic diseases.
Analyse the continuum of chronic diseases
As per the WHO report, it was found that around 20% of the total deaths that occurred in 2016-17 could have been avoided or prevented with an effective care system.
In the continuum care services, the healthcare experts indulge into the preventive care services and management process to onset the negative impact of the chronic diseases. A proper intervention program is developed to avoid hospitalisation and excessive intervention needed to control the occurrence of the chronic diseases (Sevinç, & Akyol et al., 2010).
In the continuum program the healthcare experts and government agencies get involved in developing an effective strategy to control the costs incurred in curing the medical conduit of the patients. Different programs to assist people to deal with the chronic disease and to get treated from the chronic diseases are being implemented by the management.
The strategic goal is to concentrate on the cost reduction process, create new revenue methods or streams through the mandatory and incentive compliance process. These programs are implemented to increase the overall quality of the healthcare services and to provide the best care services to the community.
The continuum services focus on –
- Improving the planning process and management
- Care co-ordination
- Case based findings
- Implementing an integrated information system
Chronic diseases have become one of the major concerns for the government and the people in general. The issue has become a concern for the developing and the developed actions, and needs a proper intervention program.
Health related quality of life has negatively been impacted due to the increase in the number of people suffering from the chronic diseases. This issue however has been partially controlled due to the advanced technology used to cure the medical condition of the patients.
Majority of the chronic diseases has the capability to overseen the overall health condition of the patients, despite of the availability of the advance medical treatment courses.
These diseases limit the capacity of an individual to live well and remain producible. Amongst the other diseases, the death recorded due to cancer, strokes, diabetics, and hear diseases are high on numbers (Vandiver et al., 2018).
Issues related to back-ache could be quite severe and in certain cases unbearable. In certain cases the symptoms could be diagnosed at earlier stage, while in the other cases, it is only known when the issue is being ideated. This problem has a serve impact on the wellness of an individual life-
- Social – serve chronic back-pain restricts the movements of an individual, and thus it is not possible to socialise in the expected manner
- Emotional – The wellness of an individual is impacted due to the chronic back-pain and test it has an emotional impact on the patient
- Physical – Movements of an individual becomes challenge especially in the chronic back-pain case
- Psychological – The wellness is impacted, and the patient might feel less motivated towards life.
- Financial impact –The psychotherapy and other treatments could be quite expense to cure this medical condition.
Excessive workloads and improper lifestyle could lead to the problem of back-ache, which can become quite severe at times.
In case when the issue is not being diagnosed at the earlier stage, then it is recommended to get into the right practices to control the impact of such issues (Sousa, K., & Kwok, 2006).
- Maintain a healthy lifestyle
- Diagnose the reason for the occurrence of the back-ache
- Indulge into s regular exercise process to control the negative impact of this disease
- Ensure to have proper medications to cure the condition
- Healthy lifestyle
- Regular exercises
- Medicines as prescribed by the doctors
This has a major impact on the wellness development of individuals. In order to maintain a positive attitude, it is recommended to understand the case of the issue and then follow the best treatment process.
With positive attitude it is possible to control the spread of the diseases and the negative impact caused due to the same (Zareei, et al., 2014).
Part from the above mentioned courses, additional exercises and measures can be also followed like –
It assists in –
- Improving the flexibility of the muscles
- Balances the muscular strengths of the body
- Improves physical co-ordination
- Relaxes and strengthens the spinal code of an individual.
It helps in
- Relaxing the muscles
- Strengthens the bones
Art and music therapy
- It relaxes mind and strengthens an individual’s ability to cope with the medical condition
- Encourages to cope with the medical condition
The plan is being developed for a period of 6 months, and the analysis would be done –
- First month – Basic experience to strengthen up the back bone
- Second month – Massage and Pilate exercise
- Third month – Analyse the reduction of the pain
- Fourth month –Indulge into more rigours exuberance
- Fifth and sixth month – Observe the pain and improvement
Nurse assessment care –
- Analyse the patient condition on a regular basis
- Recommend a change in the treatment
- Report about any unusual; occurrence or aspects that causes the pain
- Report the details to the doctors and commucnaited the better course of treatment to the patient.
The healthcare services are quite important, especially in case of the chronic diseases. It is relevant for the healthcare experts to diagnose the reason and recommend the better course of treatment.
An awareness and self-realisation process assists in controlling the negative impact associated with the chronic disease occurrences. With better services and medical assistances it is possible to overcome the negative impact associated with the chronic diseases.
Hegney, D., Patterson, E., Eley, D., Mahomed, R., & Young, J. (2013). The feasibility, acceptability and sustainability of nurse-led chronic disease management in Australian general practice: The perspectives of key stakeholders. International Journal Of Nursing Practice, 19(1), 54-59. doi: 10.1111/ijn.12027
Kramer, L., Hirsch, O., Schlöβler, K., Träger, S., Baum, E., & Donner-Banzhoff, N. (2012). Associations between demographic, disease related, and treatment pathway related variables and health related quality of life in primary care patients with coronary heart disease. Health And Quality Of Life Outcomes, 10(1), 78. doi: 10.1186/1477-7525-10-78
Sperl-Hillen, J., Solberg, L., Hroscikoski, M., Crain, A., Engebretson, K., & O’Connor, P. (2004). Do All Components of the Chronic Care Model Contribute Equally to Quality Improvement?. The Joint Commission Journal On Quality And Safety, 30(6), 303-309. doi: 10.1016/s1549-3741(04)30034-1
Sevinç, S., & Akyol, A. (2010). Cardiac risk factors and quality of life in patients with coronary artery disease. Journal Of Clinical Nursing, 19(9-10), 1315-1325. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2702.2010.03220.x
Sousa, K., & Kwok, O. (2006). Putting Wilson and Cleary to the Test: Analysis of a HRQOL Conceptual Model using Structural Equation Modeling. Quality Of Life Research, 15(4), 725-737. doi: 10.1007/s11136-005-3975-4
Vandiver, T., Anderson, T., Boston, B., Bowers, C., & Hall, N. (2018). Community-Based Home Health Programs and Chronic Disease. Professional Case Management, 23(1), 25-31. doi: 10.1097/ncm.0000000000000242
Zareei, E., Zamani, A., & Tanaomi, M. (2014). A conceptual model of human resources competencies (HRC) using structural equation modelling: a case study. International Journal Of Business Innovation And Research, 8(1), 1. doi: 10.1504/ijbir.2014.058043