Assignment Sample on CO7225 Higher Education as an Intelligent Service 

Part I.

1.0 Introduction

This section will describe the existing technologies or services in the field of higher education. The emergence of ICT based technologies has a significant influence on the use of higher education. There are lots of existing technologies in recent times.

In the above figure, a graphical representation of the e-textbook has been depicted. This has been trending among the students over the past few years. One of the most significant advantages of using the e-textbooks is that the content is minimal. The transition of creating content into the books to a digital format can decrease the agreement between publishers and the authors. For this reason, the development of new models or contents is very much limited. There are many students who have the preferences for paper textbooks over e-textbooks. This is because reading through the e-textbooks requires continuous scrolling of the screen that puts a pressure on the eyes of the students. The comprehension power of the students is also declining in nature when compared to the digital books with that of paper books. The adaptability of the content is much more significant in the paper textbooks than in the digital textbooks.

Gaming learning can decrease the attention span of the students after a certain point in time. In this case, the students start expecting the same kind of results or responses from all the parts of the gamification. There are lots of costs that can be attached with the implementation of gamification learning. It involves software cost, equipment cost as well as the training cost also. This creates a barrier to the classroom entry.

In the above figure, the difference between the traditional approach of teaching and flipped classroom approach is being shown. For accessing the flipped classroom approach, the students require a lot of technologies like a smartphone, computer, a strong internet connection etc., but often it happens that not all the students get access to this. For them, the concept of flipped classrooms can act as an obstacle in pursuing learning. It also increases the time spent by a student on keeping an eye on the computer screen. As this service uses the video to deliver lecture notes, the technical challenges can occur.

There were also disadvantages in the pace of active learning. It requires a continuous evaluation of the robust internet connection and smart gadgets. It also cannot track the presence of all the students. That means under this system, the student’s engagement is not that high.

All the above mentioned electronic gadgets have played a crucial role in the improvement of higher education. But they all possess some weaknesses. For this reason, this project has chosen the development of a wireless projector to enhance classroom learning. As it involves the classroom activity, the learners’ motivation can be watched. Using wireless technologies like a projector will boost the learning system by implementing the visualization of a content. Thus the interest to learn something new has been gone up among the students.

2.0 Presentation of personas and scenarios

All these personas are very crucial and can do an excellent hello for the implementation of the wireless technologies. In the first graph, the visual persona has been chosen; the visual persona is showing the importance of visualization in order to keep the memory intact. When classroom teaching takes place with the help of a wireless projector, then it will become more easy for the students for lecture retention. If this thing has been taught in the flipped classroom, then the students will not get a complete capture of the lecture notes (Aldowah et al., 2017). Because under the flipped classroom, the students get the chance of reviewing what has been taught in the class. But when the wireless projector has been implemented to visualize the textbook content or anything related to the studies, the students get more retention out of the things that have been shown on the monitor screen by using a projector. In the second image, there is an iconic persona that helps to build the proper function of the wireless projector. In the iconic persona, the overall projector can be used to present the icons of the textbook contents (Shambour and Fraihat, 2018). In the third diagram, the customer based persona has been depicted. In the customer based persona, the user evaluation got the most priority. How the technology is being used by the different users will be evaluated by this wireless technology.

Using wireless technology such as wireless projector can help to enhance the learning outcome in the field of higher education to a greater extent. When an overhead wireless projector is being installed inside a classroom, then learners get motivated in the teaching learning process (Alshehri and Cumming, 2020). Providing the visual representation of textbook content that what was being taught in the class can be of more excellent retention. The direct users of this technology are the teachers and indirect users if this technology will be the students in the class. The teacher will take the help of the technology by using the ICT  methods. Graphs, pictures, videos anything related to the content can be depicted on the screen using the wireless projector. The wireless projector is also convenient.

3.0 Two tire prototype service development

In the above diagram, two tier hierarchy has been depicted. There are transit domains. For this reason, this has been called as the two tier hierarchy model. When the wireless projector is being switched on, then the flow of data occurs. It first starts its travelling from the “subdomain 1” to the “sub domain 4” (Begbutayev, 2020). The bandwidth broker plays the role of resource allocation at the resource boundaries. These bandwidth brokers have lied between the two subdomains and transfer the resource data from one domain to another. After this, the routers are being instructed to adjust the data with respect to the parameters from that of the sub domains. There is another bandwidth broker that waits at the edge of the subdomains that will receive the data transferred from the sub domains. The main task of the bandwidth broker is to aggregate the data from the two sub domains.

In the above diagram, a complete picture showing the entire working functions of a wireless projector. It shows the processing path through which the packets move inside the router. There are packets that arrive from that of the interface, and these are processed with the kernel. The first interface is called the input interface, and the last interface through which the data are forwarded is called the outgoing interface. There are several steps after the input interface. These stages are classifications, shopping, forwarding and shaping. The packers are being passed through various stages that have been mentioned in the above. At the last stage of this total interface, the system is the output interface (Borboa et al., 2017). Through this, the data packets are being released, and the content is being shown on the screen with the help of a wireless projector. The shaping is interpreted with the help of the formulation of a two tier interface. In the initial stage, when the data packers are being sent, the sanity check is also being performed inside the router (Tapia-Repetto et al., 2019). After this, the packets are forwarded to the code implementation for getting the good result regarding the learning process as well as the functioning of the wireless projector in the classrooms.

4.0 Conclusion

This whole section has given a clear insight into the several existing technologies in the field of higher education. The identification of the drawbacks of the existing higher education technologies has also been made in this section. The existing technologies are like flipped classrooms, active learning, gaming learning and e textbooks. The drawbacks of each of the following have been discussed separately with detailed analysis. Then in the following section, the discussion was about evaluating three different personas by creating the different scenarios.  The behaviour of these different personas under the different scenarios has been discussed. After that, it has also been analyzed how the users of the wireless technologies will adapt the facilities in order to influence the learning experience. After the discussion, this section evaluated the basic feature of a two tier prototype interface. This has helped to understand the complete working of a wireless projector inside the classroom to enhance higher education. The project has provided all the crucial information on the functioning of the wireless technology in the field of higher education.

 Part II.

1.0 Introduction

The system that has been designed based on the application of an intelligent method, has to be accessed by the user interface. In order to test the overall working efficiency of the advanced system to enhance the learning system in higher education, the system is needed to be validated using the interface design where various users can take advantage of it. The current part of the study depicts the complete and comprehensive design of a user interface. The user interface will facilitate the easy access of the system that has been designed for perfect operation. In this context, some literature can be presented here that supports the usability advantage of the user interface. In the current context of the discussion, the user interface will support the wireless access of various students for their study and also it will facilitate the two way interaction between the teachers and the students. This operation has the importance in the development of a complete intelligent system. The system that has been chosen for design is a wireless projector that will drive the current system of study with more effect. The current study reflects the major finding of the application of the intelligent wireless system for the advancement of the study method (Rodríguez et al., 2019). The interface is required for identifying a particular study point and finding the study materials for easy learning. The interface can be designed on the need of the students as well as the wellness of society. In the current context, the application of the artificially intelligent system and implementation of advanced modelling systems can be made as proficient as it is required. The requirement can be modified as per the basic needs of different users from different directions (Vasylenko, 2019). The interface can be created on a wireless basis through the advanced application of different protocols that suits for wireless design. The AI or the intelligent application of artificial intelligence can improve the overall learning process and make the system more advanced in the context of the practical implementation.

2.0 Presentation of user evaluation method

After the complete development of the overall system, it needs to describe the full aspects of the design. The system has to be interfaced through a proper technique. The system needs to be identified and critically justified by providing a complete block of the system.

As can be seen from the above figure, the complete system depicts the overall design aspects of the system. Clearly, the figure denotes a use case diagram of the intelligent system being developed. The system shown above can be presented for intelligent operation and easy access for the teachers, students as well as administrative staff for modification of the existing system (Costa et al. 2019). The basic logic of the system can be described based on its normal operation and also, most importantly, the scope of work of different users. By observing the full system, it mainly consists of the parts like the login system for providing a login facility for all the staff, including the students. Now the scope of the interface of different users can be controlled through the proper setting of the various parts of the system. The student can only visit the portal for visiting the attendance, for a visit and apply for any book, apply for any complaints, visit any study materials and apply for any study materials in the online portal. On the other hand, the teachers can access the overall system for getting access over the course or the study materials, any change needs to the scope of the study and in the study materials for the betterment of the learning, checking for the attendance and managing it, managing the complaints applied by any student (Ohei and Brink, 2019). The contact numbers can also be changed, or they can be requested by any staff. All these parts can be modified easily by the intelligent regulation of the overall system. The system can be modified based on the optimal allocation of the resources and application of AI.

As per the above figure, the system of advanced learning can also be designed based on the application of the different components and also a great combination of them. The system class diagram is shown in the above figure, which depicts the intelligent application regarding the operation of the system (Englund et al., 2017). As shown in above, the users have the platform for registration of different users and how they can be enlisted under the same department and same section. All the parts are related to each component, and that uses an intelligent operation based application. The system is starting from the block of the admin section where the admin has the power of selection, registering and modification of the user registering portal (Müller et al. 2018). This operation can be done remotely using a wireless protocol which is providing the connection to the user computer on the basis of a password set by the user. An application system can be managed for perfect operation. This application can be developed on the basis of intelligent modification and the code generation for the management of the system (Gurevych and Kademiya, 2017). Now, after the development of the application on any targeted device, a hardware simulated platform can be developed for the overall implementation of the system. In this context, the system cannot be operated by the systemic choice of option as created on the application produced. The wireless protocol can be applied for the perfect selection of the case, and how any complex problem can be solved for application of the system for well being of the society can be modified as under. As it can be seen from the above figure, the user is directly connecting to the material that is to be supported and to be applied for the complete development of the courses (Kaliisa and Picard, 2017). Also, the above figure depicts the support type and also the perfect application of the course materials where it will be applied for providing the necessary teaching to the students. The system of advanced learning is systematically supported through a complete development of a nice platform, and how this can be treated on an era basis can be applied for the various purposes.

3.0 Result presentation

Now, after the perfect design and implementation of the overall system, the results can be presented in the below section for identifying the critical aspects of the perfect implementation of the system. The development of the current system and how the overall invention of the system is achieving the response has been reported here. Now all these reports can be treated in a graphical manner (Mesquita et al., 2017). All these pictorial representations of the responses can be identified on the basis of the application of the system and the benefits obtained from it. The application can be guaranteed based on the systematic presentation of the results and more statistical data.

As it can be seen from the above figure, the perfect application of the model can be well justified for critical simulation and a nice presentation of the system for getting the overall response. Clearly, the above figure depicts the overall expenditure globally for making their advanced and the critical systematic review in different fields of study. The study clearly reflects the performance of the overall system and how it will help grow up in the response of the management, which can be justified. As it can be seen from the figure, the application of the various sections of the study reflects the expenses, and clearly, it shows that AR or VR has gained the more response from the government (Kozlov et al., 2019). Comparatively, the AI has little or moderate percentage for critical application and how it can be modified are being systematic modelling and understanding. The expenses on the other fields also have some expenditure, but they have a very little amount as compared to the other.

As shown in the above figure, the complete formation of the overall advanced and intelligent system of learning can be depicted based on the perfect selection of the process of application. As it can be seen from the above figure, in most of the countries, the laws are in progress for providing the permission for complete application of the advanced process of learning (Lee et al. 2020). Now in most of the countries, as it has been noted from the above figure that, the laws of perfectly applying the advanced education system have no limit, and so they can be treated as the most critical system as in these places has no regulations.

As it can be seen from the above figure, the response of various students is collected globally regarding the quality and also some other factors for the complete application of the system. Now, as in ther case, the survey has been done on two categories of students, one is the undergraduates, and the other is the graduates for collecting the responses. Now, based on the application and the intelligent demonstration of the overall technology, the responses are gathered differently (Mata, 2019). From the above figure, the better response is obtained as most from the postgraduate students for a high level of management. Similarly, the lowest response is obtained as not as good as it can be.

As it is shown in the above figure, the response of the various students for the adoption of the good level and advanced education platform mainly depends on 10 important factors. These are the affordability, the reputation of the university or the colleges/schools, the quickest program offered in online, how the offline and online program can be blended for providing the teaching, what is the cost of the overall implementation of the system, quality of faculty, how closely the interaction can be occurred, how the overall system can be more friendly for the different students, matching values and the culture of the learning centre and so on (Mata et al. 2019). Now in the above cases, the most percentage is noted for the postgraduate students as compared to the undergraduate. All these responses are considered as the most critical factors for affecting the most critical aspects of the system. Now how a system can be modified that mainly depends on the basic performance of the new and critical aspect of the advanced system.

The above figure depicts the response curve of the distance learning as obtained from various students of various categories. The above figure mainly represents the performance that is the quality of the distance learning and how it can be modified for solving the critical aspects as obtained from the main relation. The response curve shows the responses of various students and in different countries (Mellul, 2018). Now it shows that the UT or the western governor’s university has achieved the most points for gaining the most percentage of having the distance learning as the most successful means.

4.0 Discussion and conclusion

The above study mentioned the critical application of the advanced system that can be applied to the development of the overall learning system, mainly at the higher education level. There are various processes that can be successfully applied for the overall development of the complete system, and they can be modified for the betterment of the process. The current study depicts the intelligent application of a wireless system for the initiation of the intelligent learning process, which will ensure the overall learning quality and easy learning. Now in order to develop the complete process, a thorough assessment is required. This critical assessment needs the complete addition of some new features to the existing learning. The system is developed to some extent and makes it better for usage. The study made in the above section mainly depicts the grouping of various students, teachers and other staffs for fulfilling the need for the education and trying to remove the main barrier between the technology and the common people.

The application suggests that the system is more advanced as compared to the conventional system. The system is made more advanced by the complete application of the AI or the artificial intelligence and successful deployment of the wireless protocols. These wireless protocols are applied successfully, and they can be made for nice interface creation for the complete operation of the model. The implementation of the overall advanced system has been presented here using a nice creation of the case diagram, class diagram. All these diagrams are added here for explaining the main fact associated with the topic. Now how the interface can be made between the teachers and the students is also presented here nicely by providing the interface between each user and the other staff. A response of all the students and the quality of the application of the intelligent system has also been presented for obtaining the critical aspects.

5.0 Reflective conclusion

According to my, the improvement in the technologies has been very crucial for the enhancement in higher education. In recent days, following the traditional method of teaching will not be sufficient for the learning growth. For this reason, I think pedagogy should not be followed in higher education. There are various technologies in the field of higher education. In this project development of a wireless projector has been chosen, and I believe that the projector contributes an important role in enhancing the academic field as well as the classroom teaching.

Reference List

Journals

Aldowah, H., Rehman, S.U., Ghazal, S. and Umar, I.N., 2017, September. Internet of Things in higher education: a study on future learning. In Journal of Physics: Conference Series (Vol. 892, No. 1, p. 012017). IOP Publishing.

Alshehri, A. and Cumming, T.M., 2020. Mobile Technologies and Knowledge Management in Higher Education Institutions: Students’ and Educators’ Perspectives. World Journal of Education10(1), pp.12-22.

Begbutayev, A., 2020. Methodology of teaching the discipline” Network technologies” based on smart-technologies. Архив Научных Публикаций JSPI.

Borboa, D., Joseph, M., Spake, D. and Yazdanparast, A., 2017. Perceptions and Use of Learning Management System Tools and Other Technologies in Higher Education: A Preliminary Analysis. Journal of Learning in Higher Education10(2), pp.17-23.

Costa, C., Alvelos, H. and Teixeira, L., 2019. Investigating the use and acceptance of technologies by professors in a higher education institution. International Journal of Online Pedagogy and Course Design (IJOPCD)9(2), pp.1-20.

Englund, C., Olofsson, A.D. and Price, L., 2017. Teaching with technology in higher education: understanding conceptual change and development in practice. Higher Education Research & Development36(1), pp.73-87.

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Kaliisa, R. and Picard, M., 2017. A systematic review on mobile learning in higher education: The African perspective. TOJET: The Turkish Online Journal of Educational Technology16(1).

Kozlov, A., Kankovskaya, A., Teslya, A. and Khasheva, Z., 2019, September. Motivating factors for university students to use digital technologies in educational process. In International Conference on Digital Technologies in Logistics and Infrastructure (ICDTLI 2019) (pp. 89-94). Atlantis Press.

Lee, C.C.E., Leow, S.W.Y. and Kong, X.J., 2020. The use of mobile technologies for learning in higher education: Students’ readiness. SEARCH Journal of Media and Communication Research, pp.107-127.

Mata, L., 2019. Current Studies Based on the Investigation of the Attitudes Towards the Internet in Higher Education. In Advanced Web Applications and Progressing E-Learning 2.0 Technologies in Higher Education (pp. 1-19). IGI Global.

Mata, L., Panisoara, G., Fat, S., Panisoara, I.O. and Lazar, I., 2019. Exploring the Adoptions by Students of Web 2.0 Tools for E-Learning in Higher Education: Web 2.0 Tools for E-Learning in Higher Education. In Advanced Web Applications and Progressing E-Learning 2.0 Technologies in Higher Education (pp. 128-149). IGI Global.

Mellul, C., 2018. Emerging technologies in higher education and the workplace: An assessment. International Federation of Catholic Universities.

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Müller, M., Begović, I. and Baumgärtner, R., 2018. Information and communication technologies and teacher education in the new paradigms of higher education. Croatian Review of Economic, Business and Social Statistics4(1), pp.27-41.

Ohei, K.N. and Brink, R., 2019. Web 3.0 and web 2.0 technologies in higher educational institute: Methodological concept towards a framework development for adoption. International journal for Infonomics (IJI)12(1), pp.1841-1853.

Rodríguez, C.R., Rodríguez, R.V., Moure, G.C. and Pérez, C.L., 2019. Personalization of Moodle with the integration of most used web technologies in higher education. ITECKNE16(1), pp.48-63.

Shambour, Q. and Fraihat, S., 2018. The Implementation of Mobile Technologies in Higher Education: A Mobile Application for University Course Advising. Journal of Internet Technology19(5), pp.1327-1337.

Tapia-Repetto, G., Gutiérrez, C. and Tremillo-Maldonado, O., 2019. New technologies in higher education. Perception study among students on the use of WhatsApp and Virtual Learning Environments (Moodle Platform). Odontoestomatología21, pp.37-43.

Vasylenko, V., 2019. Peculiarities of using socio-communication technologies in the process of developing positive image of a higher education institution. Бібліотекознавство. Документознавство. Інформологія, (1), pp.32-40.

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