Article Emerging market
This article highlights on the impact of migrants workers in the Kerala economy (India). While studying this article, it is identified that In India, the rural labor market gets changed with the change in the production structure or change in employment i.e., labor changes their employment pattern from rural areas to urban areas.
In concern to it, the manufacturing sector of Kerala is not that attractive because there are no government laws which are restricts them (Joy, 2016). Due to shortage of labor, firms and industrial sectors focused on migration of labor from the other states of India in which women are also included. In other words, migration of labor is an old phenomenon which is followed in India.
At the same time, in India, the conditions for women workers in today’s emerging market in attractive and effective as there are various different sectors which provide the opportunity to the women’s to show their ability and capability (Chatterjee, et al., 2015).
This article also depicts that migration of labor mainly women somewhere motivates them to fulfill their desire as there are better employment opportunities provided to them. The economic factor is one factor which influenced the economy and developed diversify opportunities for employment in terms of employment schemes which increased mobility and connectivity from rural to urban areas.
This connectivity encourages the women to participate and contribute in the economic activities and this will lead to make labor market more dynamic in India (Lanjouw, et al., 2013). In today’s developing labor market, the demand for labor has increased with the increase in the economic condition.
In India, the structure of employment in rural sector has changes from 2009-10 i.e., in agriculture sector, there is higher percentage of the men who works in the agriculture sector in comparison to women (Joy, 2016). Through this, it can be depicted that the decline in the workforce ratio of women in comparison to men is because of the feminization workforce at agriculture sector.
But at the same time, it is also identified that Kerala economy is facing issues in agriculture sector for which they need to migrant the labor from other states. This article helps in understanding the importance of migrants of labor workforce in India and in that also mainly in agriculture sector (Thomas, 2015). In Kerala economy, the emergence of migrant labors is declining in the market as all migrant workers and their activities are engaged with a native workers and market demand.
There are several factors like socio-economic profile, employment and income patterns, working condition, developing standard of living in the state, positive relationship with employer etc helps in segmenting the labor market through migration of the labor from other states for working in the agricultural sector (Joy, 2016).
On the other hand, the change in production structure creates influence on the diversifying employment structure which helps in identifying and measuring the complexity as well as help in categorizing the workers into different industries, sector or occupations.
At last, it can be stated that in Kerala (India), the condition of women working in the agriculture is low as compared to men due to which firma and industries have to migrants the labor from other states of the economy.
Chatterjee, U., Murgai, R., & Rama, M. (2015) Job opportunities along the rural-urban gradation and female labor force participation in India.
Joy, P. (2016) Impact Of Migrant Workers In The Kerala Economy. [Online]. Available at: http://ijifr.com/pdfsave/26-04-2016209V3-E8-048.pdf (Accessed: 28th July 2017).
Lanjouw, P., Murgai, R., & Stern, N. (2013) Nonfarm diversification, poverty, economic mobility, and income inequality: a case study in village India. Agricultural Economics, 44(4-5), pp. 461-473.
Thomas, J. J. (2015) India’s Labour Market during the 2000s. Labour, Employment and Economic Growth: The Indian Experience, 21.