EPM5500 FUNDAMENTALS OF PROJECT MANAGEMENT
Melbourne in Australia is a renowned city and is known for its bliss surrounding, availability and the prospects which make it a city for diverse functions. However, there must be changes that should take place in order to bring clarity to the survival of the next generation in the future.
The city has evolved itself recently in order to cope up with this challenge (McDonald, 2014).
The city of Melbourne has taken up certain steps in order to face the challenge of homelessness as it is becoming a severe issue day by day.
Therefore, with the collaboration of community boards and administrative officials, now local citizen are participating in order to support the homeless population in city.
This project is to outline the homelessness as challenges and plan for future Melbourne in this consideration. It is basically aiming to draw the picture of the main causes of homelessness in the city of Melbourne that includes climatic changes, unemployment.
During various surveys and research, it has been identified that there are 116,427 people are homeless in Australia and sleeps in the street every night. It is very surprising fat than 315,872 in number are Ausis children under 12 years those are left home due to various reasons (Flatau et al, 2013).
At the same time, the topmost reason behind this problem is recognized as domestic violence. It is also leading because of many social, economic and health-related factors.
On the other hand, there is another reason as well such as homeless after retirement, poverty, unhealthy family relationships, drug and alcohol addiction, and mental health problems, etc. According to one source, In Melbourne, there is approximately 400 people sleep in streets side roads (Whitbeck, 2017).
It is also a noticeable fact that Victoria is the Australian province that has the increasing number of homeless people of which Melbourne is capital. Apart from that, this number is consciously increasing as per homelessness rate is 45 per 10,000 to 49 per 10,000.
While considering this issue as a barrier to the overall development of Melbourne, it is very important to take initiatives in order to settle it down.
In regards to this, this project should be initiated with the collaboration of the stakeholders and it is a joint effort including communities’ authorities, administrative official and public participation so that project can be funded. Then the project will be segregated into several subgroups.
This will lead to an approach towards the goal step by step. Another important point is that prioritizing should be done beforehand (Parsell et al 2013). This project aims to reduce the increasing number of homeless people.
In order to reduce the number, the major focus must be given towards domestic violence and drug and Alcohols that are leading reasons for domestic violence. Also, it needs to identify and resolve the social and economic reasons for homelessness.
Majorly, the special attention and care need to be given towards children suffered badly with this issue and their opinion and reason need to determine so they can be resolved on time. As to why hampers their overall development can be indulged in illegal activities and victim of non-humanistic deeds
The major concern arises in this area is to enhance public awareness about domestic violence especially among children and females. As to why they are most targeted and suffered groups of society form this issue.
At the same time, it is also important to educate people to initiate legally for against this social evil just after first violence. The governing group of the project must create awareness about avoiding alcohol and drugs and provide facilities for that (Keating et al 2015).
It requires funds so that the project can be implemented on the ground level. Apart from that, the project group must promote the legal policies to prevent such incidences so that the public can know about it.
Moreover, the prevention of homeless is interlinked with social evils and demand for the social campaign and people participation in Melbourne. Hence, it is very difficult initiative and required a significant amount of budget sectioned from local authorities.
This project will have a great impact in order to eliminate the social evil of homelessness In Melbourne city.
It will serve as new means in order to serve the nation through creating social acknowledge and awareness towards this problem and streamlined them into the mainstream to the national economy (Kenna et al 2016).
Also, it engages them in productive activity for better living standards and self-reliant.
These are features which are required to satisfy the stakeholders. They have basically improved quality products, enhanced technologies, and full proof place as n and proper strategies that will ensure the success of the project (Thomas et al 2012).
These requirements will provide the basis for the success of the project and thus they will secure the money of the stakeholders. The requirements and the investments of the projects should be high and must provide a complete package to fulfill all its criteria.
The risks are unavoidable. The foremost problem is the hindrance of any individual.
The risks are the complex, indirect and varied system. The risks include that there can be fall for the budget, the project might not be completed within the stipulated amount of time.
Due it these causes the regional risks that might turn up (Zaretzky et al 2013). Also, there can problems in management systems as well as the problems of frisking.
However, proper measures and steps will be taken to reduce the number of risks. Moreover, project management will work on the stake of cost and efforts for initiating this project and projecting the purpose of the campaign.
There can be several means of resources. In order to carry out a project successfully, several resources can be taken up. They can be funds or financial resources or human resources.
Financial resources can certainly come up from various sources. The financial resources here are the bank deposits of the company taking up the project, funds from the government, the foreign currencies, checks and the money for the liquid transaction (Kerzner and Kerzner, 2017).
In addition to this, there are other stakeholders who will be investing in this project. A project lead should always plan his budget beforehand in order to plan his project successfully. This can be done after changing out the available resources.
This criterion measures the desirable consequences of the project. There are several factors that contribute to the outcome of a successful project.
Basically, the goals of the project should be set clear in order to contribute to the accomplishments (Larson & Gray, 2017). The goals are basically the duration of finishing the project, the budget, and the investment is done on the project.
The goal which will contribute to the success is the collection of facts and several data regarding homelessness in Melbourne amongst various communities and government attention towards it.
The project is a major initiative taken up for the welfare of the City of Melbourne. The inauguration of the project will be on August 4th, by the project sponsor and it is being planned that the project will end by December 2020. It is a short-term project with long term strategies.
The stakeholders are basic and comprise of those people who are already the same as in another project. It is basically the Government who will be funding 45% of the project’s cost.
The project leader and management take charge of the project, the project clients (homeless people), and the public who are involved in the project either directly or indirectly.
The contractors for promoting this initiative as well as the main stakeholders who have invested money are too included in the list of the stakeholders.
The above project has been selected for the City of Melbourne in order to enhance its development and that it can cope with the existing structure across the globe against the issue of homelessness in Australia.
Several risks are likely to turn up in term of cost, public, and administration of support. However, proper objectives and principles taken can surely pave its way for the success of the project.
It is the duty of project manager to hire and manage the staff, formulate the budget and take the technical decision and manage the conflict resolution. These tasks are very important in order to conduct the project effectively (Too and Weaver, 2014).
A Project manager requires the technical, financial and human resources and in this project staffing and budgeting has been done in the following manner.
Also, the most important task of the project manager is to establish coordination between the stakeholders, government authorities and human resources associated in social campaigns.
|S. N.||Designation||Qualification||In Number||Time Period|
|1||Professional Consultant||PhD. or specialty in Domestic Violence, Drugs, and Alcohols counselors||3||Full Time|
|2||Technicians||B. Tech.||1||Full Time|
|3||SMEs||Masters in Sociology and specialist of social evil laws||2||Full Time|
|4||Supporting staff||Experience of 2-3 years being part of Homelessness projects||2||Full Time|
|4||Supporting staff||Volunteers||20||Full Time/Part Time|
(Sourced: Anderson and Gantz, 2013)
|Equipment and installation cost||1000|
|Hiring and staffing cost||3,000|
(Sourced: Hollmann et al., 2013)
Project sponsor can be one of the stakeholders and possess the knowledge of projects, also hold the senior position in management.
Such authorities possess the higher authority in the social welfare project such as approve the changes in projects, determine the acceptable variance limits and handle the inter projects limits.
The major authorities and rights held by the project sponsor are to handle the change requests, taking the change decisions and reallocation of the budget as per the project requirement (Sjöstedt and Penetrante, 2013).
Although, project sponsor support the project manager in every aspect and help to manage the project by providing the required support he can ask the direct response from the project manager about project progress.
In regards to this, this project, this will be partially sponsored by Melbourne local authorities and private communal agencies.
Apart from that, he can demand the timely accomplishment of the project and in a predetermined and desired manner as he has invested the cost in the project.
Also, he is authorized the give the feedback to the project manager and his team in respect to work done and target standards to be achieved in the project sponsor’s authority.
Although there is a lack of effective measures in order to mark the project performance in this area, however, this project is more focused on eliminating this issue.
In relation to this, Australian Ant-Homeless legislation and family violence act and The Alcohol and other drug councils of Australia will be educated to people (Chamberlain et al, 2014).
At the same time, the number of homeless people must be reduced or constant and opening the rehabilitation center for them is the measurement for project success.
Anderson, C. and Gantz, J.F., 2012. Climate Change: Cloud’s Impact on IT Organizations and Staffing. Whitepaper, Microsoft, November.
Chamberlain, C., Johnson, G. and Robinson, C. eds., 2014. Homelessness in Australia. UNSW Press.
Flatau, P., Conroy, E., Spooner, C., Edwards, R., Eardley, T. and Forbes, C., 2013. Lifetime and intergenerational experiences of homelessness in Australia.
Hollmann, R., Merchant, C.J., Saunders, R., Downy, C., Buchwitz, M., Cazenave, A., Chuvieco, E., Defourny, P., de Leeuw, G., Forsberg, R. and Holzer-Popp, T., 2013. The ESA climate change initiative: Satellite data records for essential climate variables. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 94(10), pp.1541-1552.
Keating, B., Mackrell, D. and Campbell, J., 2015. (Re) Negotiating Homeless Identity through Technology-Mediated Social Interaction.
Kenna, P., Benjaminsen, L., Busch-Geertsema, V. and Nasarre-Aznar, S., 2016. Pilot project-promoting protection of the right to housing-homelessness prevention in the context of evictions. European Commission, Directorate-General for Employment, Social Affairs, and Inclusion, Luxemburg.
Kerzner, H., & Kerzner, H. R. (2017). Project management: a systems approach to planning, scheduling, and controlling. John Wiley & Sons.
Larson, E. W., & Gray, C. F. (2017). Project management: The managerial process. McGraw-Hill Education.
Morris, P.W., 2013. Reconstructing project management. John Wiley & Sons.
Parsell, C., Jones, A. and Head, B., 2013. Policies and programmes to end homelessness in Australia: Learning from international practice. International Journal of Social Welfare, 22(2), pp.186-194.
Sjöstedt, G. and Penetrante, A.M. ., 2013. Climate change negotiations: a guide to resolving disputes and facilitating multilateral cooperation. Routledge.
Thomas, Y., Gray, M.A. and McGinty, S., 2012. An exploration of subjective wellbeing among people experiencing homelessness: A strengths-based approach. Social work in health care, 51(9), pp.780-797.
Too, E.G. and Weaver, P., 2014. The management of project management: A conceptual framework for project governance. International Journal of Project Management, 32(8), pp.1382-1394.
Whitbeck, L.B., 2017. Nowhere to grow: Homeless and runaway adolescents and their families. Routledge.
Zaretzky, K., Flatau, P., Clear, A., Conroy, E., Burns, L. and Spicer, B., 2013. The cost of homelessness and the net benefit of homelessness programs: a national study: findings from the Baseline Client Survey