Essay Plan on Global Issue

Essay Plan on Global Issue (Education and Learning)

Topic: Global Ethics Issues in South Africa
Plan Draft
Introduction

Key Points:

·   Global Ethics,

·   Issues like international aid, world poverty, interventions, security, and human rights, etc,

 

Thesis Statement (1 Sentence):

The key argument of this essay is on the global ethics in South Africa which can be improved with the help of ethics-related laws.

 

The main objective of this essay is to critically discuss the global issue that is related to ethics in South Africa.

In this manner, it is depicted that in today’s world, ethics are considered moral principles or the values which are governed by the individual or a group in its conducts.

In addition, global ethics are defined as ethical perspectives as per this, there are important ethical relations between the states as well as between the two persons who live in various societies.

In this manner, usually ethics maintains the existence of a few universal values as well as norms and it also claims the responsibilities or some obligations which are global in terms of scope (Fernando, 2017).

On the basis of above, global ethics leads to an area of the critical ethical inquiry in nature as well as the justification of the values and the norms which are global and in the various issues like international aid, world poverty, interventions, security, and human rights, etc.

In this concern, the key issues related to global ethics determine in different places in South Africa such as organizations, business, educational institutions, government, legal departments and so on (McEwan et al., 2015).

In this manner, while concerns about the employment practices, it is determined in a labor force survey released by Statistics South Africa that the official unemployment rate has been increased by 1.4% to 29% in 2019 due to the several issues with the employment practices like 12 hour workdays, minimal pay off and the indifference within the protecting workers while working in toxic chemicals.

At the same time, human right related issues are also determined in South Africa and these issues are association assembly, freedom of speech, freedom from the political repression, movement, etc (Ward and Wasserman, 2015).

Along with this, South Africa has also been facing the issues because of the companies which are associated with the activities of the emission of pollutions, dumping as well as the use of the toxic chemicals and materials, etc.

Because of these issues, the general public of South Africa has been facing major health issues.

In a similar manner, it is also examined that different kind of corruption and the moral obligations are also considered under the global ethical issues which are a greater concern area for the South African government.

Corruption is the unethical practice under which people often get bribes for allowing illegal activities (Ranson and Lissenden, 2016).

Apart from corruption, the moral obligations which mainly have from the side of the multinational company as these MNCs bring the social responsibilities with them in respect to give the resources back to the people within the society.

But, in concern of some companies, they do not fulfill their social responsibilities (McCracken and Phillips, 2017).

Body paragraph 1

Key Words:

·      Employment Practices,

·      Human Rights,

·      Environmental Pollution,

·      Corruption.

Topic: Introduce the current situation of the global ethical issues in South Africa

While concerns about the global ethics, it is examined that there are several ethical issues as the legal, political, cultural and economic norms are different from nation to nation and due to which various issues arise with them.

Similarly, employment practices and ethics, human rights, environmental pollution, corruption, moral obligations, etc. are the major factors of the global ethics issues in South Africa (Fisher, 2015).

 

Body paragraph 1

Key Words:

·      Unequal employment conditions,

·      Extensive human rights,

·      Increasing environmental pollution,

·      Enhancement of corruption

Topic: Affect of the issue in the environment and its impact on the future environment

After discussing the global ethics-related issues, it is examined that these issues create a deeper impact over the society and the environment of a particular country.

In this manner, it is also mentioned that in context of employment practices and the ethics, number of people suggest that they pay, as well as work conditions, must be similar at every nation but in actuality, no one cares about the quantum in relation to the divergence (Epstein, 2018).

 

Body paragraph 1

Keywords:

·      Labor Relation Act 1995,

·      Employment Law 1997,

·      Corporate Governance laws,

·      Human Rights Commission Act of 1994,

·      Prevention and Combating of Corruption Act (PCCA)

 

Topic: Available legal governance rules and  regulations

In respect to the above, there are several legal governance rules and regulation which are considered in South Africa in order to maintain the global ethics within whole the country.

In a similar manner, there is one law related to the employee and worker’s practices that is Labor Relation Act 1995 law and one more law that is Employment Law 1997 including corporate governance laws and regulation (Kirton and Trebilcock, 2017).

These all the laws are introduced in South Africa in respect of protecting the employees and the workers from any kind of unethical practices within the organization or the place where they work.

At the same concern, some laws associated with human rights were also developed and these are quite effective to keep the general people’s rights safe in South Africa.

In this, the Human Rights Commission Act of 1994 was mandated to monitor the people’s complaints more efficiently (Schouten and Bitzer, 2015).

In addition to above, the government of South Africa also introduced a law in concern of the environment of the country so that the environment can be kept safe and secure from any pollution which makes the situation of taw the country very worst.

Similarly, the South African environment law includes natural resources protection and utilization as well as land-use planning as well as development (Seid, 2018).

Apart from this, it is also determined that South Africa has a quite developed framework as well as legislation in order to outline the corruption initiatives.

For the corruption in South Africa, the Prevention and Combating of Corruption Act (PCCA) considers the corruption as the crime in public as well as the private sector and provide the special codes to the particular offenses so that these can be made easier for the court to adopt the legislation as per the crime.

Due to this, the employees are not treated the same as other employees who are from the home contrary to the multinational companies.

Moreover, in South Africa, the unemployment rate is getting higher because of inadequate and unequal employment practices.

Here, host companies do not provide similar facilities to the employees and workers like their home countries (Kolk, 2016).

In a similar manner, the people in South Africa also face the problem related to human rights as the extensive human rights mistreatments still occur under the number of sections related to the continent.

Similarly, because of environmental pollution, the South African people have been facing a number of problems related to water pollution, air pollution, land degradation solid waste pollution and deforestation, etc.

These all the issues hamper the routine life of African people (Murray et al., 2017).

At the same time, some more global ethical issues such as corruption and the moral obligation also have the negative impact on the society and the country’s environment as due to the corruption and the moral obligations, people feel unsafe in South Africa as the multinational and domestic companies use the public resources, give bribes and the legal officers provide them improper favors that are completely unethical (Frankenhuis et al., 2016).

At the same time, due to these practices, these multinational companies get the power to make moral obligations in South Africa.

Thus, these all the global ethics issues also have the negative impact on the future too because these issues have been getting bigger and in future, there will be more chances that the government will feel difficulty to resolve them.

In this manner, employment laws are defined above which are an application on the employees who have been facing the ethical issues within their organization from their seniors or employer (Petersen et al., 2017).

At the same time, one more law has been described above related to human rights, with the help of the Human Right Law, the general public in South Africa get the several kinds of rights due to which the global ethical issues can be resolved at a great extent.

In addition, pollution law has also introduced by the government of South Africa in order to resolve the environmental issues which leads the global ethical issues as these laws are applicable mainly on the multinational giants who are the major cause of the environmental pollution (Varady et al., 2016).

Similarly, the corruption law is also applicable to the situations when the people do unethical conduct in order to get completed their work by hook and by crook.

Body paragraph 1

Keywords:

·      Implementation of the governance rules

·      Effectiveness of South African regulations

Topic: Applicability of the governance rules along with an example

Apart from the above identification of the legal governance rules and regulations, it is important to consider their applicability on the crime and ethical issues within a particular country such as South Africa.
ConclusionOn the basis of the above discussion, it is concluded that the global ethics are one of the major issues for South Africa and the other countries too and for resolving them, there are several legal governance rules have been introduced of the African government.
References 

Epstein, M.J., 2018. Making sustainability work: Best practices in managing and measuring corporate social, environmental and economic impacts. UK: Routledge.

Fernando, S., 2017. Globalising mental health or pathologising the Global South? Mapping the ethics, theory and practice of global mental health.

Fisher, C.B., 2015. Enhancing the responsible conduct of sexual health prevention research across global and local contexts: Training for evidence-based research ethics. Ethics & behavior25(2), pp.87-96.

Frankenhuis, W.E., Panchanathan, K. and Nettle, D., 2016. Cognition in harsh and unpredictable environments. Current Opinion in Psychology7, pp.76-80.

Kirton, J.J. and Trebilcock, M.J., 2017. Hard choices, soft law: Voluntary standards in global trade, environment and social governance. UK: Routledge.

Kolk, A., 2016. The social responsibility of international business: From ethics and the environment to CSR and sustainable development. Journal of World Business51(1), pp.23-34.

McCracken, K. and Phillips, D.R., 2017. Global health: An introduction to current and future trends. UK: Routledge.

McEwan, C., Hughes, A. and Bek, D., 2015. Theorising middle class consumption from the global South: A study of everyday ethics in South Africa’s Western Cape. Geoforum67, pp.233-243.

Murray, A., Skene, K. and Haynes, K., 2017. The circular economy: an interdisciplinary exploration of the concept and application in a global context. Journal of Business Ethics140(3), pp.369-380.

Petersen, I., Marais, D., Abdulmalik, J., Ahuja, S., Alem, A., Chisholm, D., Egbe, C., Gureje, O., Hanlon, C., Lund, C. and Shidhaye, R., 2017. Strengthening mental health system governance in six low-and middle-income countries in Africa and South Asia: challenges, needs and potential strategies. Health policy and planning32(5), pp.699-709.

Ranson, H. and Lissenden, N., 2016. Insecticide resistance in African Anopheles mosquitoes: a worsening situation that needs urgent action to maintain malaria control. Trends in parasitology32(3), pp.187-196.

Schouten, G. and Bitzer, V., 2015. The emergence of Southern standards in agricultural value chains: A new trend in sustainability governance?. Ecological Economics120, pp.175-184.

Seid, S.H., 2018. Global regulation of foreign direct investment. UK: Routledge.

Varady, R., Zuniga-Teran, A., Gerlak, A. and Megdal, S., 2016. Modes and approaches of groundwater governance: a survey of lessons learned from selected cases across the globe. Water8(10), p.417.

Ward, S.J. and Wasserman, H., 2015. Open ethics: Towards a global media ethics of listening. Journalism Studies16(6), pp.834-849.

 

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