Finance Assignment 2020

Finance Assignment 2020

Task 1

Performance, Governance and Internal Control Procedures.

i.Prepare a vertical analysis of the income statement and balance sheet of Buzzard Ltd based on revenue and net assets respectively, for 2009 and 2010.

Vertical analysis of the Income statement based on revenue:

Income Statement
for the year ended 31 December 2010     
 Notes2010 2009 
  $000 $000 
  Revenue1115554100%95766100%
  Cost of sales 10044486.92%8063284.20%
  Gross profit  1511013.08%1513415.80%
  Distribution costs 7240.63%3240.34%
  Administrative expenses 1234810.69%1089411.38%
  Operating profit  20381.76%39164.09%
  Finance costs211821.02%10481.09%
  Finance income23140.27%760.08%
  Profit for the year from continuing operations311701.01%29443.07%
  Income tax expense      –      – 
  Profit for the year  11701.01%29443.07%

 

 

Vertical analysis of the balance sheet based on net assets:

Balance sheet
as at 31 December 2010     
  Notes2010 2009 
  $000 $000 
  Non-current assets     
  Tangible assets842200123.34%2952289.34%
  Total non-current assets        42,200123.34%2952289.34%
  Current assets     
  Inventories9          5,70216.67%414412.54%
  Trade and other receivables10       18,20253.20%1663450.34%
  Cash and cash equivalents                   40.01%120.04%
  Total current assets        23,90869.88%2079062.92%
  Total assets        66,108193.22%50312152.26%
  Current liabilities11       23,27468.02%1438043.52%
  Non-current liabilities     
  Borrowings and finance leases12          6,00017.54% 
  Provisions13          1,3563.96%15084.56%
  Accruals and deferred income14          1,2643.69%13804.18%
  Total non-current liabilities           8,62025.19%28888.74%
  Total liabilities        31,89493.22%1726852.26%
  Net assets         34,214 100%33044100%
  Equity     
  Share capital15       22,71466%2271468.74%
  Retained earnings        11,50034%1033031.26%
  Total equity16       34,214100%33044100.00%

 

 

  1. Prepare a horizontal analysis of the income statement, balance sheet, and the segmental analysis from note 1 to the accounts, using 2009 as base 100.

Horizontal analysis of the income statement:

Income Statement
for the year ended 31 December 2010     
 Notes20102009Increase or Decrease
  $000$000AmountPercent
  Revenue1115554957661978820.66%
  Cost of sales 100444806321981224.57%
  Gross profit  1511015134-24-0.16%
  Distribution costs 724324400123.46%
  Administrative expenses 1234810894145413.35%
  Operating profit  20383916-1878-47.96%
  Finance costs21182104813412.79%
  Finance income231476238313.16%
  Profit for the year from continuing operations311702944-1774-60.26%
  Income tax expense      –     –  
  Profit for the year  11702944-1774-60.26%
       

 

Horizontal analysis of the balance sheet:

Balance sheet
as at 31 December 2010     
  Notes20102009Increase or Decrease
  $000$000AmountPercent
  Non-current assets     
  Tangible assets842200295221267842.94%
  Total non-current assets        42,200295221267842.94%
  Current assets     
  Inventories9          5,7024144155837.60%
  Trade and other receivables10       18,2021663415689.43%
  Cash and cash equivalents                   412-8-66.67%
  Total current assets        23,90820790311815.00%
  Total assets        66,108503121579631.40%
  Current liabilities11       23,27414380889461.85%
  Non-current liabilities     
  Borrowings and finance leases12          6,000  
  Provisions13          1,3561508-152-10.08%
  Accruals and deferred income14          1,2641380-116-8.41%
  Total non-current liabilities           8,62028885732198.48%
  Total liabilities        31,894172681462684.70%
  Net assets         34,214 3304411703.54%
  Equity     
  Share capital15       22,7142271400.00%
  Retained earnings        11,50010330117011.33%
  Total equity16       34,2143304411703.54%

 

Horizontal analysis of the Segmental analysis:

 

Segmental analysis
 Revenue Increase or DecreaseProfit before tax Increase or Decrease
 20102009AmountPercent20102009AmountPercent
 $000$000  $000$000  
  Class of business        
  Automotive components115554957661978820.66%11702944-1774-60.26%
  Geographical segment        
  Local109566920201754619.07%    
  Rest of Europe52903746154441.22%    
  Japan698          –      
 115554957661978820.66%    

 

iii. Prepare a value added statement for the income statement for 2009 and 2010 and a vertical analysis of the value added statement for both years.

Value added statement for the income statement:

Value added statement
 20102009
 $000$000
Sales11555495766
Add: Income from other services31476
Less: Cost of Bought–in-goods and services10044480632
Gross Value Added (GVA)1542415210
Less: Depreciation77824742
Net Value Added (NVA)764210468

 

Vertical analysis of the value added statement:

Vertical analysis of Value added statement
 2010 2009 
 $000 $000 
Sales115554100%95766100%
Add: Income from other services3140.27%760.08%
Less: Cost of Bought–in-goods and services10044486.92%8063284.20%
Gross Value Added (GVA)1542413.35%1521015.88%
Less: Depreciation77826.73%47424.95%
Net Value Added (NVA)76426.61%1046810.93%

 

 

  1. Prepare a report on the financial performance and the financial position of Buzzard Ltd that makes extensive use of the analyses that have been prepared in (i), (ii), and (iii) above.
  2. In your report, you must interpret and consider the organisations practices with respect to complying with corporate governance requirements, organisational policy, and financial delegations and accountabilities. Describe how the organisation meets policy and relevant financial legislation

Based on vertical analysis of income statement, it can be interpreted that financial performance of the firm declined from year 2009 to 2010 as there is a decline trend in gross profit, operating profit, and profit for the year after tax in respect to the sales.

The reason is the increase in cost of sales from 84.20% to 86.92% based on sales. From the vertical analysis of balance sheet, it can be interpreted that there is an increase in current and fixed assets from year 2009 to 2010 in respect to the net assets (Brigham and Ehrhardt, 2013).

Reason is that the firm purchased more intangible assets and inventories. In addition, there is an increase in current and non-current liabilities but not as much as assets that contributed to the increase in net assets.

It allowed the firm to make additional investments and leave excess profits in the bank account of the firm rather than calling a dividend reflecting from increase in retained earnings (Gigler et al., 2014).

On the basis of the horizontal analysis, it can be determined that there is an increase in revenue from year 2009 to 2010 but due to high increase in cost of sales and operating expenses like distribution costs and administrative costs, company faced a significant decline in gross profit, operating profit, net profit for the year.

In addition, there is also an increase in assets and liabilities with net assets from year 2009 to 2010 showing improving ability of the firm to meet its current and non-current obligations (Gigler et al., 2014).

There is no increase in share capital but retained earnings increased during this period allowing the firm to expand its business and retain higher profits in its accounts.

On the other hand, there is a significant increase in non-current liabilities up to 198% and in tangible assets up to 42% showing need to adopt control measures.

From segmental analysis, it can be determined that the firm’s performance in terms of revenues increased in automotive segment by 20.66% from 2009 to 2010.

In addition, the firm performed in all areas including local, rest of Europe and Japan. However, it highly well performed in Rest of Europe as compared to other geographical areas.

Based on value added statement and its vertical analysis, it can be stated that the difference between sales and cost of sales gave the value added by the organization.

The firm distributed this value added to employee benefits, interest of loans and retained earnings for expansion of the current business and depreciation amount (Weygandt et al., 2015).

On the basis of this, it can be stated that organization’s practices with respect to complying with corporate governance requirements, organisational policy, and financial delegations and accountabilities cannot be said effective.

It does not provide dividends to its shareholders that may raise concerns for them for further investment. Some of investors like to get regular dividends on investment but the firm does not provide dividend that does not show proper corporate governance.

At the same time, no dividend policy may affect the firm’s returns due to low trust among the investors regarding the regular returns.

In addition, cost sales and operational costs increased during 2009-2010 showing improper policy to control cost of operations and maximize the shareholders’ wealth. At the same time, the basis of accounting is the historical cost method used by the company.

This method is not superior to fair value accounting method because fair value method reflects current situation in the market and provides users with more current financial information and visibility (Gigler et al., 2014).

Under GAAP, straight line depreciation method is the most appropriate because it is the simplest to calculate and results in fewer errors with staying consistent.

At the same time, accounting polices related to government grants, inventories and work in progress, foreign currencies and, revenues and warranties for products are according to the financing standards and legislation (Weil et al., 2013).

  1. Create one internal control procedure based on the financial performance of Buzzard. Develop a corresponding implementation timeline.

Internal control procedure:

Based on financial performance of Buzzard, it can be stated that there is no proper governance due to not providing dividends to the shareholders. In addition, costs of operations are getting higher that result in the decline in profits for the firm. The following internal control procedure can be followed by the firm:

Implementation timeline:

Internal control procedureTimeline
Risk assessment1 month
Control environment2 months
Control activities2 months
Information & communication15 days
Monitoring15 days

Task 2 – Internal Control Procedures

Part A

According to Buzzard Group, the main objective of internal control procedure is to provide effectiveness in the operations as well as also provide efficiency. Additionally, the organization should also provide reliability in the financial reporting for reducing the potential risk.

In this, the organization also has the objective of compliance with applicable laws, rules, and regulations to control activate (Cheng et al., 2013).  Buzzard Group is responsible to prepare the budget, define accounting policies, focus on government grand, show the revenue, provide warranty for products, etc.

Additionally, in order to review the pertinent policies and procedure, Buzzard ltd records the accounting system to provide a satisfactory budget.

The collection and deposit responsibilities are also taken by the management by the recording of cash receipts and entries of general & ledger. In the segregation of duties, Buzzard also monitors the investment market values and provides adequate performance for investment acquisition (Klamm et al., 2012).

The company also includes custody procedure where negotiable and non- negotiable securities are owned as well as legal documentation for evidence. The accounting procedure of the company maintains the accounting records in the investment department as well as in accounting department.

Control with appropriate levels of personnel- The organizational control is based on the level of the personnel. For this, the personnel procedure and control of the company is properly authorizing, approving and documenting.

The wages and salary, termination of any employee, payroll deduction, etc are also included in the personal control. Most of the time, it is seen that the supervisors take time for review and approval of the salary and wages.

The control environment of Buzzard is helpful for the employee where they are managed by the supervisor (Appleyard et al., 2014). It has positive control environment that influences on the outcome of the company.

But, this controlled environment is necessary for providing discipline and effective structure to the internal control.

The control environment of Buzzard ltd also includes different factors like ethical values, integrity, the competence of people, etc. The transactions of the company are also tested to define that all the transactions are appropriate or not.

The findings of the company are shared with the senior management to successfully provide their outcomes.

Some recommendations are also provided to the senior management to resolve the issues that are facing the organization. This internal control procedure also helped to determine the weakness of Buzzard for this the organization has identified different corrective actions to timely provide solutions.

Part B

Weeks Reviews
1In the week first, the budget and planning will be designed.
2The significant transaction classes are documented by the use of the financial statement. For this, the transaction receipts will be collected
3In this week, all the collected documents will be understood by the management to provide effective control system.
4View and document sample transactions for the internal control
5Define the results and change the document for risk assessment
6Discuss outcome with the management and other superior to improve the performance

 

It is recommended that the risk areas can be mitigate by the proper management of the financial documents. Additionally, strengthen and weakness areas of the company should also be indicated in the formal report to identify issues.

References

Appleyard, I., Lundeberg, T. and Robinson, N., (2014). Should systematic reviews assess the risk of bias from sham–placebo acupuncture control procedures?. European Journal of Integrative Medicine6(2), 234-243.

Brigham, E.F. and Ehrhardt, M.C. (2013). Financial management: Theory & practice. USA: Cengage Learning.

Cheng, M., Dhaliwal, D. and Zhang, Y., (2013). Does investment efficiency improve after the disclosure of material weaknesses in internal control over financial reporting?. Journal of Accounting and Economics56(1), 1-18.

Gigler, F., Kanodia, C., Sapra, H. and Venugopalan, R. (2014). How Frequent Financial Reporting Can Cause Managerial Short‐Termism: An Analysis of the Costs and Benefits of Increasing Reporting Frequency. Journal of Accounting Research52(2). 357-387.

Klamm, B.K., Kobelsky, K.W. and Watson, M.W., (2012). Determinants of the persistence of internal control weaknesses. Accounting Horizons26(2), 307-333.

Weil, R.L., Schipper, K. and Francis, J. (2013). Financial accounting: an introduction to concepts, methods and uses. USA: Cengage Learning.

Weygandt, J.J., Kimmel, P.D. and Kieso, D.E (2015). Financial & Managerial Accounting. USA: John Wiley & Sons.

Appendix

 

 N/AYESNOCOMMENTS/REF

BUDGETS AND PLANNING

A) SEGREGATION OF DUTIES

1)   Are responsibilities for budget preparation, adoption, execution, and reporting each assigned to different staff members?

B) PROCEDURAL CONTROLS

1)   Do personnel responsible for budget preparation:

a)   Have an awareness of budgets and budgetary procedures required by law?

 

b)   Prepare budgets for all significant activities regardless of whether mandated by law?

 

c)   Prepare a budget calendar to provide orderly  submission and to obtain approval of the  budget?

 

d)   Develop and prepare initial budget submissions by major departments and activity centers?

 

e)   Obtain review of departmental budgets by the finance or budget officer, make corrections of oversights by departments, and integrate budgets with agency executive’s goals and objectives?

 

f)    Prepare the budget in sufficient detail to provide a meaningful tool with which to monitor subsequent performance (as established by the Strategic Plan)?

 

g)   Budget inter-fund and inter-depart­mental transfers, if appropriate?

 

2)   Do personnel responsible for budget adoption:

a)   Hold budget hearings to obtain citizen input, if appropriate?

 

b)   Submit the budget through the proper executive channels to the applicable legislative body for approval?

 

c)   Clearly communicate to operating departments the effects of legislative budget modification mandates (increases or decreases)?

d)   Coincident with adoption of the budget, make sure action is taken by the legislature, as appropriate, to:

(1)  Adopt legislation to implement the raising of budgeted revenues?

(2)  Initiate expenditure appropriations?

e)   Record in the accounting system estimated revenues and appropriations, for later comparison to actual amounts realized or incurred as appropriate?

 

f)    Record in the accounting system budgets approved by grantors in connection with grant activity?

 

g)   Publish finalized budgets, when required by law?

 

3)   Do the personnel responsible for budget execution:

a)   Formally adopt and communicate procedures establishing authority and responsibility for transfers between budget categories?

 

b)   Use an allotment system to control the flow of expenditures or commitments?

 

c)   Obtain approval from the accounting department as to the availability of funds, before issuing a purchase order or making an expenditure commitment?

d)   Process and obtain approval of requests for supplemental appropriations for budget changes as required by law?

 

e)   Establish controls to ensure knowledge of outstanding commitments when liabilities and expenditures are recorded on an encumbrance or obligation basis?

 

4)   Do personnel responsible for budget reporting:

a)   Compare actual expenditures to budget with reasonable frequency (monthly) and on a timely basis?

b)   Discuss budget reports with departmental personnel, obtaining explanations for significant variations from budget?

c)   Provide timely notification, to both the executive and the legislative branches, of expenditures in excess of appropriations or budget?

d)   Publish comparisons of actual results of operations against the budget?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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II.CASH

A) SEGREGATION OF DUTIES

1)   Are responsibilities for collection and deposit preparation functions adequately segregated from those for recording cash receipts and general ledger entries?

2)   Are responsibilities for cash receipts functions adequately segregated from those for cash disbursements?

3)   Are responsibilities for disbursement preparation and disbursement approval functions adequately segregated from those for recording or entering cash disbursements information on the general ledger?

4)   Are responsibilities for the disbursement approval function adequately segregated from those for the disbursement, voucher preparation, and purchasing functions?

5)   Are responsibilities for entries in the cash receipt and disbursement records adequately segregated from those for general ledger entries?

6)   Are responsibilities for preparing and approving bank account reconciliations adequately segregated from those for other cash receipt or disbursement functions?

7)   If EDP is used, is the segregation of duties principle maintained within processing activities?

B) PROCEDURAL CONTROLS

1)   Do collections procedures provide for the following?

a)   Timely deposits of all receipts?

b)   Controls at each collection location, to assure timely deposit and accurate recording of collections?

(i)   Mail opened by two people or at least segrated?

(ii)  Remittances by mail listed in duplicate at the time the mail is opened?

(a)  Listing prepared by a person other than the one opening the mail?

(b)  One copy of the listing forwarded, with the money, to the cashier?

(c)  Other copy attached as supporting documentation to the accounting transaction?

(d)  A third person periodically comparing the list with the deposit record?

(iii) Amounts of currency contained in each item of mail verified by a second person?

(iv) Documents enclosed with currency machine date stamped or dated and initialed by the employee opening the mail?

(v)  A secure area provided for processing and safeguarding incoming cash receipts?

(a)  Access to the secured area restricted to authorized personnel, only?

(b)  The secured area locked, when not occupied?

(vi) Cash protected by using registers, safes, or locks and kept in areas of limited access?

c)   Timely notice of cash receipts at separate collection locations given to a central accounting department?

(i)   Cash received at branch locations transmitted to the central office or to the State Treasurer through the banking system?

(ii)  Branch personnel restricted to making cash deposits, only?

d)   Daily reported receipts at separate collection locations compared to records of a general accounting department?

e)   Restrictive endorsements placed on incoming checks as soon as received?

f)    “Not sufficient funds” checks delivered to someone independent of those processing and recording cash receipts or reconciling cash/bank statements?

g)   Established procedures for follow-up of “not sufficient” checks?

 

h)   If checks received are forwarded to be used as posting media to customers’ accounts, controls to ensure checks are returned promptly for deposit?

i)    If payments are made in person, receipts controlled by cash register, prenumbered receipts, or other equivalent means?

j)    Receipts accounted for and balanced to collections records daily?

k)   Prenumbered forms accounted for , including a record of voided forms?

l)    Facilities for protecting undeposited cash receipts?

m)  Adequate records maintained to assure correct handling and final disposition of items held in suspense?

(i)   Suspense accounting eliminated by direct deposit of money to the correct fund, as much as possible?

(ii)  Delay of deposits avoided by making sure fund distribution is immediately determinable?

2)   Do disbursements procedures provide for the following?

a)   Control over warrant, sight draft, or check-signing machines, as to signature plates and usage?

 

b)   Procedures providing for immediate notification, as applicable, to banks, State Treasurer, and State Controller, when warrant or check signers leave the unit or are otherwise no longer authorized to sign?

c)   Furnishing invoices and supporting documents to the signer prior to signing the warrant or check to help assure funds are disbursed only for authorized purposes; and to help assure laws, rules, and regulations are followed?

d)   Setting reasonable limits on amounts payable by facsimile signature?

e)   Requiring two signatures on warrants or checks over a stated amount?

f)    Maintaining signature plates in the custody of the person whose facsimile signature is on the plate, when the plate is not in use?

g)   Using plates only under the signer’s control and recording of machine reading by the signer or an appropriate designee, to ascertain all signed warrants, sight drafts, or checks are properly accounted for by comparison to document control totals?

h)   Direct delivery to the mail room of signed warrants or checks, making them inaccessible to persons who requested, prepared, or recorded them?

i)    Prohibiting the drawing of warrants or checks to “cash” or “bearer”?

 

j)    Controls to ensure all payments are made on a timely basis and in accordance with all purchase orders and contracts?

k)   Controls to ensure duplicate payments are not made?

(i)   Are original invoices (no copies) totaling the amount of the disbursement attached to each voucher before payment?

l)    Controls to ensure each cash disburse­ment is properly vouchered and approved by the proper authorities before the disbursement occurs?

3)   Do custody procedures provide for the following?

a)   Maintenance of controls over the supply of unused and voided warrants or checks?

(i)   Are monthly physical inventories taken of blank stock by the custodian and a responsible supervisor?

b)     Proper authorization of bank accounts?

c)     Periodic reviews of and formal reauthorization of depositories?

d)   Controls and physical safeguards surrounding petty cash funds?

e)   Maintenance of adequate fidelity insurance coverage?

f)    Maintenance of separate bank accounts for each fund, or if not adequate, adequate fund control over pooled cash?

4)   Do detail accounting procedures include the following?

a)   Procedures ensuring collections and disbursements are recorded accurately and promptly in the correct fund or account?

b)   Procedures for authorizing and recording inter-bank and inter-fund transfers and providing for proper accounting for those transactions?

5)   Do general ledger procedures provide for the following?

a)   Delivery of bank statements and paid warrants or checks in unopened envelopes directly to the employee preparing the reconciliation?

b)   Procedures for steps essential to an effective reconciliation, particularly considering the following?

(i)   Comparison of warrants, sight drafts, or checks in appropriate detail with disbursement records?

(ii)  Examination of signature and endorsements, at least on a test basis?

(iii) Accounting for numerical sequence of warrants, sight drafts, or checks used?

(iv) Comparison of book balances used in reconciliations with balances in general ledger accounts?

(v)  Comparison of deposit amounts and dates with cash receipt entries?

(vi) Footing of cash books?

c)   Review and approval of all reconciliations and investigation of unusual reconciling items by an official not responsible for receipts and disbursements, including recording evidence of the review and approval, by signing the reconciliation?

d)   Periodic investigation of checks outstanding for a considerable time?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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No

 

 

 

 

 

No

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

No

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

No

 

 

 

 

 

No

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

No

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

No

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

No

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

No

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

No

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

No

 

 

 

 

 

 

No

 

 

 

 

No

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

No

 

 

No

 

 

 

 

 

No

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

No

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

No

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

III.        INVESTMENTS

 

A) SEGREGATION OF DUTIES

1)   Are responsibilities for initiating, evaluating, and approving transactions adequately segregated from those for detail accounting, general ledger, and other related functions?

2)   Are responsibilities for initiating transactions adequately segregated from those for final approvals committing state resources?

3)   Are responsibilities for monitoring investment market values and performance adequately segregated from those for investment acquisition?

4)   Are responsibilities for maintaining detail accounting records adequately segregated from those for general ledger entries?

5)   Are custodial responsibilities for securities or other documents evidencing ownership or other rights assigned to an official with no accounting duties?

6)   If EDP is used, is the principle of segregation of duties maintained within processing activities?

B) PROCEDURAL CONTROLS

1)   Do approval procedures include the following?

a)   If applicable, procedures adequate to ensure only investments permitted by law are acquired?

b)   Formal establishment and periodic review of investment policy guidelines?

c)   Integration of the investment program with the cash management program and with expenditure requirements?

d)   Established authority and responsibility for investment-opportunity evaluation and purchase?

e)   Periodic evaluation of the performance of the investment portfolio by persons independent of investment portfolio management activities?

(i)   Also verification all income due from investments has been received?

f)    Formal procedures governing the level and nature of approvals required to purchase or sell an investment?

g)   Competitive bidding for certificate-of-deposit purchases?

2)   Do custody procedures include the following?

a)   Adequate physical safeguards and custodial procedures over the following?

(i)   Negotiable and nonnegotiable securities owned?

(ii)  Legal documents or agreements evidencing ownership or other rights?

b)   Dual signatures or authorizations to obtain release of securities from safekeeping or to obtain access to the governmental unit’s safe deposit box?

c)   Authorization, by the legislative body, of persons with access to securities?

d)   Registering all securities in the name of the governmental unit?

e)   Periodic inspection or confirmation of securities from safekeeping agents?

f)    Bonding of individuals with access to securities?

3)   Do detail accounting procedures include the following?

a)   Maintenance of detail accounting records for investments

(i)   by the investment department?

(ii)  by the accounting department?

b)   Procedures to ensure transactions arising from investments are properly processed, including income and amortization entries, if applicable?

c)   Controls to ensure investment earnings are credited to the fund from which resources for the investment were provided?

d)   A periodic comparison between income received and the amount specified by the terms of the security, or from publicly available investment information?

e)   Controls to ensure transactions are recorded on a timely basis?

4)   Do general ledger procedures include the following?

a)   Reconciling the detail accounting records with the general ledger control?

b)   Periodic review of the nature of invest­ments included in general ledger balances?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

Yes

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

 

Yes

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

 

No

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

No

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

No

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

No

 

 

 

No

 

 

 

 

 

 

No

 

 

 

 

 

No

 

 

 

 

 

No

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

No

 

 

 

 

 

 

No

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1. REVENUES AND RECEIVABLES

A) SEGREGATION OF DUTIES

1)   Are responsibilities for billing for services and fees adequately segregated from those for collection and accounting?

2)   Are responsibilities for maintaining detail accounts receivable records adequately segregated from those for collection and general ledger posting?

3)   Are responsibilities for collection, control, credit issuance, and deposit of funds activities adequately segregated from those for maintaining accounting records?

4)   Are tax assessment rolls, etc., maintained by individuals not engaged in any accounting or collection function?

5)   Are responsibilities for entries in the cash receipts records adequately segregated from those for general ledger entries?

6)   If EDP is used, is the principle of segregation of duties maintained within processing activities?

B) PROCEDURAL CONTROLS

1)   Do procedures for sales, income, and other taxes include the following?

a)   Cross-referencing returns filed against a database of previous taxpayers?

b)   Organization and integration of the records in such a fashion that probable taxpayers are identified as a result of reporting of other governmental activities, such as licensing?

2)   Do procedures for license, fees, and permits include the following?

a)   If annual payments are involved, procedures to ensure previous year’s records are properly updated for new registrants and withdrawals?

b)   Use of the updated records as the basis for billing persons subject to payment?

3)   Do procedures for fines, forfeitures, and court fees include the following?

a)   Maintaining and using court and other records of payments due as a basis for collections?

b)   Control of issuance and disposition of fee notices, to ensure amounts due are assessed and collected?

4)   Do procedures for enterprise and other service revenues include the following?

a)   Controls to provide assurance customer database and, where appropriate, usage records are accurately maintained to ensure amounts due are billed?

C) BILLING/REMITTANCE VERIFICATION

1)   Do procedures for sales, income, and other taxes include the following?

a)   Reviewing returns for mathematical accuracy?

b)   Correlating current year’s taxpayer returns with prior year’s returns and accounting for and reviewing differences?

c)   Separately reviewing and approving claims for refund?

d)   Auditing returns filed, to provide reasonable assurance taxable income is properly recorded?

2)   Do procedures for licenses, fees, and permits include the following?

a)   Comparing current year receipts to those for prior years and having senior officials review explanations of variation?

3)   Do procedures for fines, forfeitures, and court fees include the following?

a)   Correlating amounts collected with records of court proceedings?

b)   Sequentially numbering and satisfactorily accounting for all fine/fee-assessment documents?

4)   Do procedures for enterprise and other service revenues include the following?

a)   Service readings performed in a timely fashion, if billing is based on usage?

b)   Periodically rotating service-measurement readers?

c)   Billing procedures providing for identification and investigation of unusual patterns of use?

5)   Do general procedures include the following?

a)   Prompt billing of service fees, taxes, etc?

(i)   Providing for an independent verification of quantities, prices, and clerical accuracy of billing invoices?

b)   Procedures designed for other revenue areas ensuring timely payment of amounts due?

c)   Periodic review and approval by the legislative body of the rates of taxes, fines, fees, and services?

d)   Periodic review and approval by the legislative body of programs of tax exemption or relief?

e)   Authorization by the legislative body of utility rate schedules, as applicable?

f)    Procedures providing for timely notification to the accounting department at the time billings or claims are prepared and rendered?

g)   Numerical batch-processing controls over billings?

h)   Controls over the billing of miscellaneous revenues?

i)    Procedures to prevent interception or alteration by unauthorized persons of billings or statements after preparation, but before mailing?

j)    Prompt investigation of disputes with billing amounts, reported by taxpayers or service recipients, by an individual independent of receivables record keeping?

k)   Controls providing reasonable assurances restricted revenues are expended only for restricted purposes?

l)    Protecting records of receivables from destruction and unauthorized access?

m)  Monthly balancing of control accounts with detailed ledgers?

n)   Providing and accounting for prenumbered credit memorandum forms?

6)   Do collection procedures include the following?

a)   Placing a restrictive endorsement on incoming checks as soon as received?

b)   Controls providing reasonable assurances interest and penalties are properly charged on delinquent taxes, fees, or charges for service?

c)   Controls surrounding the collection, timely deposit, and recording of collections in the accounting records at each collection location?

d)   Timely notice of cash receipts from separate collection centers to general accounting department?

e)   If payments are made in person, use of prenumbered receipts for payment; and accounting for and balancing such receipts to collections?

f)    Segregation and timely remittance of amounts collected on behalf of other governments or other governmental units?

g)   Monitoring taxes and fees collected by another governmental unit to assure timely receipt and reviewing amounts received for reasonableness?

h)   Are receivable amounts aged monthly and reviewed by authorized personnel?

(i)   Do you review delinquent accounts and take prompt action to collect or consider them for write-off on a timely basis?

(ii)  Are write-offs or other reductions of receivables formally approved by senior officials not involved in the collection function?

(iii) Are procedures provided for executing all possible legal remedies to collect written-off or uncollectible accounts, including tax-sale of property, liens, etc?

7)   Do accounts receivable record keeping procedures include the following?

a)   Controls in system to ensure individual receivable records are posted only from authorized source documents?

b)   Reconciling the aggregate collections on accounts receivable against postings to individual receivable accounts?

c)   Where appropriate (for example, in proprietary funds), are statements of account balance mailed on a timely basis?

d)   Periodic review of receivable accounts for credit balances?

8)   Do general ledger procedures include the following?

a)   Regular preparation of trial balances of individual receivable accounts?

b)   Reconciliation of trial balances with general ledger control accounts and investigation of reconciling items by other than accounts receivable clerks?

c)   Periodic review of aged accounts receivable balances by supervisory personnel?

d)   Timely and direct notification to the accounting department of billings and collection activity?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

Yes

 

No

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

No

 

Yes

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

Yes

 

 

Yes

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

No

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

No

 

 

 

 

No

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

No

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

No

 

 

 

 

 

 

No

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

No

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

No

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

No

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

No

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

No

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

No

 

 

 

No

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

No

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

No

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

No

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

No

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

No

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1. GRANT AND ENTITLEMENT MONITORING

 

A) GRANTS

1)   Has the agency properly assigned responsibility for monitoring grant activities?

2)   Does the agency have a central grants monitoring activity?

3)   Does the agency have procedures to monitor compliance with the following?

a)   Financial reporting requirements?

b)   Use of funds and other conditions in accordance with grant terms?

c)   Timely billing of amounts due under grants?

4)   Is accounting for grant activity separated from accounting for locally funded activities?

5)   Does the agency have a system for obtaining grantor approval before incurring expenditures in excess of budgeted amounts or for unbudgeted expenditures?

6)   Are processing of grant revenues and disbursements subject to the same degree of controls applicable to the organization’s other transactions (budget, purchasing, etc.)?

7)   Does standard subgrantee agreement require the subgrantee to comply with primary grant agreement conditions as well as grantee’s standards?

8)   Are reasonable procedures and controls in place to provide assurances of compliance with recipient eligibility requirements established by grants?

9)   Has the agency established an indirect cost allocation plan if applicable?

a)   Is the plan approved by federal/cognizant agency?

B) ENTITLEMENTS

 

1)     Do entitlement controls include the following:

a)     Comparison of the amount of funds received with the amount anticipated, by a responsible official, and investigation of unusual variances?

b)     Procedures to ensure funds received are spent in accordance with legal requirements and spending restrictions?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

Yes

 

 

Yes

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

No

No

No

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

No

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

No

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1. CAPITAL ASSETS

 

A) SEGREGATION OF DUTIES

1)   Are responsibilities for initiating, evaluating, and approving capital expenditures, leases, and maintenance or repair projects adequately segregated from those for project accounting, property records, and general ledger functions?

2)   Are responsibilities for initiating capital asset transactions adequately segregated from those for final approval, or committing government resources?

3)   Are responsibilities for the project accounting and property records functions adequately segregated from those for the general ledger function?

4)   Are responsibilities for the project accounting and property records functions adequately segregated from those for the custodial function?

5)   Are responsibilities for the periodic physical inventories of capital assets assigned to responsible officials having no custodial or record keeping responsibilities?

6)   If EDP is used, is the principle of segregation of duties maintained within processing activities?

B) PROCEDURAL CONTROLS

1)   Do authorization procedures and controls include the following?

a)   Identification of those individuals authorized to initiate capital asset transactions and clear definition of their authority?

b)   Guidelines with respect to key consideration, such as prices to be paid, acceptable vendors and terms, asset quality standards, and the provision of grants or bonds (if any) financing the expenditures?

c)   Preparation of a separate capital projects budget?

2)   Do executive- or legislative-approval procedures include the following?

a)   Required written executive or legislative approval for all significant capital asset projects or acquisitions?

b)   Procedures for authorizing, approving, and documenting sales or other dispositions of capital assets?

c)   Procedures for approving decisions regarding financing alternatives and accounting principles, practices, and methods?

d)   Procedures for obtaining grantor approval, if required, for the use of grant funds for capital asset acquisitions?

e)   Subjecting grant-funded acquisitions to the same controls as internally funded acquisitions?

f)    Requiring supplemental authorizations, including, if appropriate, those of the grantor agency, for expenditures in excess of originally approved amounts?

3)   Do project accounting procedures and controls include the following?

a)   Engaging a qualified employee or independent firm to inspect and monitor technically complex projects?

b)   Establishing and maintaining project cost records for capital expenditure and repair projects?

c)   Reporting procedures for in-progress and completed projects?

d)   Procedures to identify completed projects, so timely transfers to the appropriate account can be made?

e)   Review of the accounting distribution to ensure proper allocation of charges to capital asset and expenditure projects?

f)    If construction work is performed by contractors, procedures to provide for and maintain control over construction projects and progress billings?

g)   Exercising the right to audit contractor records during project performance?

h)   Audits of contractor compliance with Equal Employment Opportunity (EEO), Davis-Bacon (Act), and other regulations and contract terms, in addition to costs?

4)   Do asset accountability procedures and controls include the following?

a)   Detail property records for all significant self-constructed, donated, purchased, or leased assets?

b)   Accountability for each asset?

c)   Periodic inventory of documents evidencing property rights (ie; deeds, leases, etc.)?

d)   Physical safeguards over assets?

e)   Ensuring purchased materials and services for capital expenditure and repair projects are subjected to the same levels of controls as exist for all other purchases (receiving, approval, checking, etc.)?

f)    Periodically comparing detail property records with existing assets?

g)   Investigating differences between records and physical counts and adjusting the records to reflect shortages?

h)   Ensuring capital assets are adequately insured?

i)    Subjecting lease transactions to control procedures similar to those required for other capital expenditures?

j)    Properly identifying equipment by numbered tags or other means of positive identification?

k)   Carrying fully depreciated assets in the accounting records as a means of providing accounting control?

l)    Monitoring the appropriate disposition of property acquired with grant funds?

5)   Do general ledger procedures include the following?

a)   Periodic reconciliation of the detail property records with the general ledger control accounts?

b)   Accounting records, controls, and procedures to:

c)   Distinguish between capital-projects fund expenditures and operating budget expenditures?

d)   Identify operating budget expenditures to be capitalized as capital assets?

e)   Distinguish between capital and operating leases?

f)    Govern depreciation methods and practices?

g)   When costs are charged against federal grants, depreciation policies or methods of computing allowances in accordance with standards outlined in OMB circulars or grantor agency regulations?

h)   When costs are not charged against federal grants, depreciation charged to grants should be adjusted accordingly?

i)    Are the accounting records adjusted promptly (both the asset and related allowance for depreciation) when items of plant and equipment are retired, sold, or transferred?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

Yes

 

 

Yes

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

Yes

 

Yes

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

Yes

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

No

 

 

 

 

 

No

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

No

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

No

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

No

 

 

 

 

 

No

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

No

 

 

No

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

No

 

 

 

No

 

 

 

 

 

 

No

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

No

 

 

 

 

No

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

No

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

VII.       PROCUREMENT AND PAYABLES

A) SEGREGATION OF DUTIES

1)   Are responsibilities for the requisitioning, purchasing, and receiving functions adequately segregated from those for the invoice processing, accounts payable, and general ledger functions?

2)   Are responsibilities for the purchasing function adequately segregated from those for the requisitioning and receiving functions?

3)   Are responsibilities for the invoice processing and accounts payable functions adequately segregated from those for the general ledger functions?

4)   Are responsibilities for the disbursement preparation and disbursement approval functions adequately segregated from those for recording cash disbursements and general ledger entries?

5)   Are responsibilities for the disbursement approval function adequately segregated from those for the disbursement preparation function?

6)   Are responsibilities for entries in the cash disbursement records adequately segregated from those for general ledger entries?

7)   If EDP is used, is the principle of segregation of duties maintained within processing activities?

B) PROCEDURAL CONTROLS

1)   Do requisitioning procedures and controls include the following?

a)   Initiation of purchases of goods and services by properly authorized requisitions bearing the approval of officials designated to authorize requisitions?

b)   Using and accounting for prenumbered requisition forms?

c)   Indicating the appropriation to be charged on the purchase requisition by the person requesting the purchase?

d)   Before commitment, verification by the accounting and budget department sufficient unobligated funds remain under the appropriation to meet the proposed expenditure?

e)   Having technical specifications accompanying requests for special purpose (non-stock items) materials or personal services?

2)   Do purchasing procedures and controls include the following?

a)   Structuring purchase authorizations to give appropriate recognition to the nature and size of purchases and to the experience of purchasing personnel?

b)   Purchase order, contract issuance, and contract approval procedures?

c)   Periodic review of purchase prices by a responsible employee independent of the purchasing department?

d)   Use of competitive bidding procedures?

e)   If practical, rotation on a regular basis of contract or purchasing officer’s areas of responsibility?

f)    In contracts for materials, services, or facilities acquired on other than a fixed-price basis, requirements for an audit of contractor’s costs prior to approving for payment?

g)   Procedures for public advertisement of non-stock item procurement in accordance with legal requirements?

h)   Periodic review of recurring purchases and documentation of the justification for informal, rather than competitive, bids?

i)    Established, documented, and distributed policies regarding conflicts of interest and acceptable business practices?

j)    Issuing purchase orders and contracts under numerical or some other suitable control?

k)   Obtaining an adequate number of price quotations before placing orders not subject to competitive bidding?

l)    Prohibiting split orders to avoid higher levels of approval?

m)  Maintenance, by the purchasing department, of price lists and other appropriate records of price quotations?

n)   Maintenance of a record, by the purchasing department, of suppliers who have not met quality or other performance standards?

o)   Modification of procedures for disbursement of funds under grant or loan agreements and related regulations imposing requirements differing from the organization’s normal policies?

p)   Controls to identify, before order entry, costs and expenditures not allowable under grant programs?

q)   Maintenance of an adequate record of open purchase orders and agreements?

r)    Prohibiting or adequately controlling purchases made for the accommodation of employees?

s)   Considering bid and performance bonds if construction contracts are to be awarded?

t)    Predetermining selection criteria for awarding personal service or construction contracts and requiring adequate documentation of the award process?

u)   Subjecting changes to contracts or purchase orders to the same controls and approvals as the original agreement?

3)   Do receiving procedures and controls include the following?

a)   Preparation of receiving reports for all purchased goods?

b)   Procedures for filing claims against carriers or vendors for shortages or damaged materials?

c)   Taking steps to ensure goods received are accurately counted and examined, to ensure they meet quality standards?

d)   Maintaining a permanent record of material received by the receiving department?

e)   Numerically accounting for or otherwise controlling receiving reports, to ensure all receipts are reported to the accounting department?

f)    Sending copies of receiving reports directly to purchasing, accounting, and (if appropriate) inventory record keeping?

g)   With respect to procurements of special-purpose materials, services, or facilities, assigning a government technical representative to monitor and evaluate contractor performance and to approve receipt of services?

h)   If a receiving department is not used, adequate procedures to ensure goods for which payment is made have been received; verification, by someone other than the individual approving payment, that goods have been received and they meet quality standards?

4)   Does invoice processing include the following?

a)   Procedures and controls requiring:

(i)   Copies of purchase orders and receiving reports to be obtained directly from issuing departments?

(ii)  Invoice quantities, prices, and terms to be compared with those on the purchase order?

(iii) Invoice quantities to be compared with those on the receiving report?

(iv) Accuracy of calculations to be checked, as appropriate?

(v)  Timely payment of invoices, to avail the entity of available discounts?

b)   Receiving all invoices from vendors in a central location, such as the accounting department?

c)   Procedures ensuring the accounts payable system is properly accounting for unmatched receiving reports and invoices?

d)   Review and comparison of contractors’ requests for progress payments under long-term contracts to contractors’ efforts and results?

e)   Procedures for processing invoices not involving materials or supplies (for example, lease or rental payments, utility bills, etc.)?

f)    Procedures to ensure accurate account distribution of all entries resulting from invoice processing, including the following?

(i)   Comparison of monthly statements with accounts payable balances?

(ii)  Reconciliation of subsidiary ledgers with control accounts monthly?

g)   Access to EDP master vendor file, if applicable, limited to employees authorized to make changes?

h)   Maintenance by accounting department of a current list of those authorized to approve expenditures?

i)    Procedures for submission and approval of reimbursement to employees for travel and other expenses?

j)    Establishment of control by the accounting department over invoices received, before releasing them for departmental approval and other processing?

k)   Review of the distribution of charges in the accounting department by a person competent to pass on the propriety of the distribution?

l)    Review and approval of invoices (vouchers) for completeness of supporting documents and required clerical checking by a senior employee?

m)  If an invoice is received from a supplier not previously dealt with, taking steps to ascertain the supplier actually exists?

n)   Making payments only on the basis of original invoices?

o)   Assigning responsibility for ensuring all cash discounts are taken and, if applicable, exemptions from sales, federal excise, and other taxes are claimed?

p)   Referring differences in invoice and purchase order price, terms, shipping arrangements, or quantities to the purchasing department  for review and approval?

q)   Recording and following up on partial deliveries by the accounting department?

r)    Promptly notifying the accounting and purchasing departments of returned purchases and correlating such purchases with vendor credit advices?

s)   Reviewing the program and expenditure account to be charged for propriety and budget conformity?

t)    Having check signers or other responsible officials determine restricted revenues are expended only for restricted purposes?

u)   If applicable, procedures to ensure adjustment of the reserve for encumbrances, when invoices are prepared for payment?

5)   Do disbursements procedures and controls include the following?

a)   Warrants, sight drafts, and checks to be signed after disbursement has had final approval?

b)   Control of warrant, sight draft, and check-signing- machine signature plates and usage?

c)   Immediate notification, as applicable, to banks, State Treasurer, and State Controller, of newly authorized  warrant, sight draft,  and check signers?

d)   Immediate notification, as appli­cable, when authorized signers leave the unit or are otherwise no longer authorized to sign?

e)   Invoices and supporting documents furnished to the signer prior to signing the warrant, sight-draft, or check?

f)    Reasonable limits set on amounts payable by facsimile signature?

g)   Two signatures required on warrants, sight drafts, or checks over a stated amount?

h)   Signature plates kept in the custody of the person whose facsimile signature is on the plate, when the plate is not in use and plates used only by that person?

i)    Readings of signing machine controlled and recorded by the signer, or an appropriate designee, to ascertain all signed warrants, sight drafts, or checks are properly accounted for, by comparing to document control totals?

j)    Invoices and supporting documents cancelled by, or in the presence of, the signer at time of signing?

k)   Signed warrants, sight drafts, or checks delivered directly to the mail room, making them inaccessible to persons who requested, prepared, or recorded them?

l)    Warrants, sight drafts, and checks cross-referenced to vouchers?

m)  Warrants, sight drafts, and checks controlled and accounted for, with safeguards over those unused and voided?

n)   Drawing warrants, sight drafts, or checks to “cash” or “bearer” prohibited?

o)   Prompt recording of signed and issued warrants, sight drafts, and checks?

6)   Do procedures for accounts payable, encumbrances, or obligations included the following?

a)   Regular comparison of statements from vendors with recorded amounts payable?

b)   Monthly reconciliation of outstanding purchase orders to the reserve for encumbrances?

c)   Recording encumbrance entries based only on approved purchase orders?

d)   Procedures ensuring accounts payable and encumbrances are applied against the appropriate account?

e)   Procedures ensuring department heads are notified of payments made against accounts payable and encumbrances?

7)   Do general ledger procedures include the following?

a)   Regular preparation of trial balances of reserve for encumbrances and accounts payable?

b)   Checking the footing and testing the trial balances to the individual items, as well as comparing the total to the general ledger balance, by an employee other than the accounts payable clerk?

c)   Posting transactions between funds in all affected funds, in the same accounting period, and on a timely basis?

8)   Do grant- and entitlement-monitoring procedures and controls include the following?

a)   Disbursing grants only on the basis of approved applications?

b)   Defining (for example, in regulations) and communicating to grantees their reporting and compliance requirements?

c)   Procedures to monitor grantee compliance with grant terms?

d)   Subjecting financial operations of grantee to periodic and timely audit?

e)   Sufficiently timely monitoring of recipients to permit curtailment of any abuse before completing funds disbursement?

f)    Disbursing funds to grantees only on an as-needed basis?

g)   An appropriate level of grant approval authority?

h)   Investigation of failure by grantees to meet financial reporting requirements on a timely basis?

i)    Requiring grantees to evidence correction of previously detected deficiencies before approval of an extension or renewal of a grant?

j)    Entitlement procedures ensuring statistics or data used to allocate funds are accurately accumulated (for example, census bureau forms)?

k)   Requiring statements of recipient compliance with entitlement conditions (for example, statement of assurances) to be filed and having a responsible official review them?

l)    Review of audited financial statements or other compliance requirements of entitlement recipients on a timely basis and investigation of unusual items?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

No

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

Yes

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

Yes

 

 

Yes

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

Yes

 

 

Yes

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

Yes

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

 

No

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

No

 

 

 

 

 

No

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

No

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

No

 

 

 

 

 

 

No

 

 

 

 

 

 

No

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

No

 

 

 

No

 

 

 

 

 

 

No

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

No

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

No

 

No

 

 

 

 

 

No

 

 

 

 

No

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

No

 

 

 

 

No

 

 

 

No

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

No

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

No

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

No

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

No

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

No

 

 

 

 

 

 

No

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

No

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

No

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

No

 

 

 

 

No

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

No

 

 

 

 

No

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

No

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

No

 

 

 

 

No

 

 

 

 

 

 

No

 

 

No

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

No

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

No

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

VIII.      EMPLOYEE COMPENSATION

 

A) SEGREGATION OF DUTIES

1)   Are responsibilities for supervision and time-keeping functions adequately segregated from personnel, payroll processing, disbursement, and general ledger functions?

2)   Are responsibilities for the payroll processing function adequately segregated from the general ledger function?

3)   Is payroll distribution supervised by employees, as follows:

a)   Who are not responsible for hiring or firing employees?

b)   Who do not approve time reports?

c)   Who take no part in payroll preparation?

4)   Are responsibilities for initiating payments under employee benefit plans adequately segregated from accounting and general ledger functions?

5)   Is reconciliation of the payroll fund or bank account done regularly by employees independent of all other payroll transaction processing activities?

6)   If EDP is used, is the principle of segregation of duties maintained in processing activities?

B) PROCEDURAL CONTROLS

1)   Do personnel procedures and controls include the following?

a)   Properly authorizing, approving, and documenting all changes in employment (additions and terminations), salary and wage rates, and payroll deductions?

b)   Promptly reporting notices of additions, separations, and changes in salaries, wages, and deductions to the payroll processing function?

c)   Maintaining appropriate payroll records for accumulated employee benefits (vacation, pension data, sick leave, etc.)?

d)   Interviewing, by the personnel department, of terminating employees, as a check on departure and as a final review of any termination settlement?

e)   Written personnel policies?

f)    Establishing controls to ensure payroll costs charged to grants are in compliance with grant agreements?

g)   Ensuring payroll and personnel policies governing compensation are in accordance with the requirements of grant agreements?

h)   Determining wages are at or above the federal minimum wage?

2)   Do supervision/time-keeping procedures and controls include the following?

a)   Review and approval, by the employee’s supervisor, of hours worked, overtime hours, and other special benefits?

b)   Procedures for time keeping and attendance records?

c)   Review for completeness and for the employee’s supervisor’s approval of time cards or other time reports?

d)   Punching of time cards, if used, only by the employees to whom they are issued?

e)   Placing the time clock in a position where it can be observed by a supervisor?

f)    Procedures for authorizing, approving, and recording vacations, holidays, and sick leave and for approving and controlling compensatory time?

3)   Do payroll processing procedures and controls include the following?

a)   Controls over payroll preparation?

b)   Approval and documentation of changes to the EDP master payroll file?

c)   Limiting access to the EDP master payroll file to employees who are authorized to make changes?

d)   Review and approval of completed payroll registers before disbursements are made?

e)   Review of documents supporting employee benefit payments (such as accumulated vacation or sick leave) before disbursements are made?

f)    Review for reasonableness of comparisons (reconciliations) of gross pay for current to prior period payrolls by a knowledgeable person not otherwise involved in payroll processing?

g)   Review of the payroll (examination of authorizations for changes noted on reconciliations) by an employee not involved in its preparation?

h)   Balancing the distribution of dollars and hours of gross pay with payroll registers and review by someone independent, but knowledgeable of this area?

i)    Including in the review a comparison to amounts appropriated and budgeted?

j)    Prohibiting payroll advances to officials and employees, or subjecting them to appropriate review?

4)   Do payroll disbursement procedures and controls include the following?

a)   Strong encouragement for all employees to receive payroll disbursement through “direct deposit” to their bank account?

b)   Keeping the signature plates and use of the payroll check-signing machines under control of the official whose name appears on the signature plate, or under control of an employee to whom that responsibility has been delegated?

c)   Maintaining a log to reconcile the counter on the check-signing machine with the number of checks issued in each payroll disbursement?

d)   Maintaining a separate payroll fund, or an imprest-basis payroll bank account?

e)   Regularly reconciling the payroll fund or bank account?

f)    Comparing, by someone independent of the payroll department, payroll check endorsements, on a test basis, with signatures on file?

g)   If payment is made in cash, requiring signed receipts; and having someone independent of the payroll department compare the signed receipts, on a test basis, with signatures on file?

h)   Controlling the supply of unused payroll checks?

i)    Requiring employees to provide identification before being given checks or pay envelopes?

j)    Prohibiting employees from accepting another’s pay?

k)   Returning unclaimed wages to a custodian independent of the payroll department?

l)    Having employees who distribute checks or pay envelopes make a report of unclaimed wages directly to the accounting department?

m)  Making payments of unclaimed wages at a later date, only upon presentation of appropriate evidence of employment and with approval by an officer or employee who is not responsible for payroll preparation or time reporting?

n)   Comparing W-2 forms to payroll records and mail by employees not otherwise involved in the payroll process?

o)   Procedures for investigating returned W-2 forms?

p)   Periodic distribution of payroll checks by the internal auditors, to ascertain employees exist for all checks prepared?

5)   Do general ledger procedures and controls include the following?

a)   Adequate account coding procedures for classification of employee compensation and benefit costs, so such costs are recorded in the proper general ledger account?

b)   Proper recording or disclosure of accrued liabilities for unpaid employee compensation and benefit costs?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Yes

Yes

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

Yes

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

Yes

 

Yes

 

 

 

Yes

 

Yes

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

Yes

 

 

Yes

 

Yes

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

 

Yes

Yes

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

Yes

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

 

No

 

 

 

 

 

 

No

 

 

 

 

No

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

No

 

 

 

 

 

 

No

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

No

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

No

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

No

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

No

 

 

 

 

 

 

No

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

No

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

No

 

 

 

 

 

 

No

 

 

 

 

No

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

IX ELECTRONIC DATA PROCESSING

A) SEGREGATION OF DUTIES

1)   Is the EDP department independent from the accounting and operating departments for which it processes data?

2)   Are duties within the data-processing function as adequately segregated as follows:

a)   Systems development (design and programming)?

b)   Technical support (maintenance of systems software)?

c)   Operations?

3)   In smaller and mini-computer installations with limited opportunities for segregation of duties, do procedures for user departments provide the following controls:

a)   Utilization of batch or other input controls?

b)   Control of master file changes?

c)   Balance master files between processing cycles?

4)   Do personnel policies of the EDP function include such procedures as reference checks, security statements, rotation of duties, and terminated-employee security measures?

B) PROCEDURAL CONTROLS

1)   Do EDP user controls include the following?

a)   Controls over preparation and approval of input transactions outside the EDP department and controls prohibiting the EDP department from initiating transactions?

b)   Having the user exercise control procedures over input to ensure all approved input is processed correctly through the system (and only once)?

c)   Having controls over entry of data in on-line systems to restrict access to terminals and to restrict data entry to authorized employees?

d)   On-line systems controls to prevent documents from being keyed into the system more than once and to permit tracing from the computer output to data source and vice versa?

e)   Controls over changes to master files, such as requiring preparation of specific forms indicating data to be changed, approval by a supervisor in the user department, and verifying against a printout of changes?

f)    User controls over rejected transactions through the use of a computerized suspense file of rejected transactions or an auxiliary manual system?

g)   User department management reconciliation of output totals to input totals for all data submitted, reconciliation of the overall file balances, and review of outputs for reasonableness?

2)   Do application controls include the following?

a)   Procedures within the data processing control function, providing proper control of data between the user and the EDP department?

b)   Controls over data entry; for example, to include adequate supervision, up-to-date instructions, key verification of important fields, and self-checking digits?

c)   Program controls over entry of data into on-line systems?

d)   Editing and validation of input data?

e)   Data processing controls over rejected transactions?

f)    Controls for balancing transaction and master files?

g)   Procedures within the data processing control function concerning review and distribution of output?

3)   Do general controls include the following?

a)   Controls over changes to system software?

b)   Controls over use and retention of tape and disk files, including provision for retention of adequate records to provide backup capabilities?

c)   Controls to limit to authorized employees, access to data processing equipment, tapes, disks, system documentation, and application program documentation?

d)   Use of a job accounting system (or console logs) to ensure scheduled programs are processed, proper procedures are followed, and supervisory personnel know only required programs have been processed?

e)   Supervision of EDP department employees for all shifts?

f)    Documentation of procedures to be followed by computer operators?

g)   Documentation of the data processing system to provide for continuation of the organization, even if important data processing employees leave?

h)   Procedures to protect against a loss of important files, programs, or equipment?

i)    Insurance to cover equipment, programs, and data files?

j)    User-approved written specifications for new systems and modifications to existing application systems?

k)   Procedures to test and implement new systems and to test modifications to existing application systems?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

Yes

 

Yes

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

Yes

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

Yes

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

No

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

No

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

No

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

No

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

No

 

 

 

 

 

 

No

 

 

 

 

 

No

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

No

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

No

 

 

 

No

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1. FINANCIAL REPORTING

A) SEGREGATION OF DUTIES

1)   Are responsibilities for the final review and approval of financial reports adequately segregated from those for the preparation of the reports?

2)   Are responsibilities for maintaining the general ledger adequately segregated from those for maintaining subsidiary ledgers?

3)   Are responsibilities for maintaining the general ledger adequately segregated from those for the custody of assets?

4)   Are the responsibilities for preparation and approval functions adequately segregated from those for journal entries?

5)   Are responsibilities for principal accounting, for the treasury, and for custody functions adequately segregated?

6)   If EDP is used, is the principle of segregation of duties maintained within processing activities?

B) PROCEDURAL CONTROLS

1)   Do general ledger procedures and controls include the following?

a)   A formal plan of organization for the unit of government under which reporting responsibilities are clearly defined and reasonably aligned?

b)   Supervision of a principal accounting officer over accounting records and accounting employees at all locations?

c)   General ledger control over all assets and transactions for all departments of the organization?

d)   Bonding employees in positions of trust in amounts required by statutes or organization policy?

e)   Written accounting policy and procedural manuals distributed to appropriate personnel?

f)    Updating the accounting policy and procedural manuals, as necessary?

g)   Procedures to ensure only authorized persons can alter or establish a new accounting principle, policy, or procedure to be used by the organization?

h)   Security for accounting records?

i)    A formal policy regarding conflicts of interest?

j)    Requiring written representations from appropriate personnel as to compliance with accounting policies and procedures and with ethics policies?

k)   Prohibiting loans to officials or employees?

l)    Periodically evaluating the adequacy and effectiveness of the internal accounting controls related to the organization’s transaction systems (procurement, revenues, receivables, etc.)?

m)  Implementing measures to correct weaknesses?

2)   Do closing procedures and controls include the following?

a)   Procedures and policies for closing the accounts for a reporting period, sufficient to ensure accounts are closed, adjusted, and reviewed on a timely basis?

b)   Procedures to ensure all accounting systems have included all transactions applicable to the reporting period?

c)   Review and approval of valuation reserves or other account balances based on estimates?

d)   Having all journal entries reviewed, approved, and supported by adequate descriptions or documentation?

e)   Controls to ensure only authorized individuals can initiate entries?

3)   Do combining procedures and controls include the following?

a)   Procedures to ensure orderly and effective accumulation of financial data?

b)   Procedures for orderly processing of financial data received from departments and other accounting units?

c)   Procedures to permit recording and review of special entries generated in the combining process?

4)   Do preparation, review, and approval procedures and controls include the following?

a)   Procedures to ensure financial reports are supported by either underlying account records or other documentation?

b)   Procedures providing reasonable assurances all data required to be included in legal, as well as public reports, are properly disclosed?

c)   Procedures to ensure financial reports are prepared on a consistent basis?

d)   Review and approval of financial reports at appropriate levels of management and, if appropriate, the legislature before public release?

e)   Procedures to ensure all requirements for filing of financial reports are met (bonds, public, etc.)?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

 

No

 

 

 

 

 

No

 

 

 

 

No

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

No

 

 

 

 

 

No

 

 

 

 

 

 

No

 

 

 

 

 

 

No

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

No

 

 

 

 

No

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

No

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

No

 

 

 

 

 

 

No

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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