Gender

“Gender Discrimination Issue in Indian Community”

 

Why does you decided to use this method?

The essay presents the detail information about the gender discrimination issues in India. For writing this essay, secondary research method is used in which different sources such as articles, online links and journals etc. are used to develop understanding of the issue related community.

Based on that, study would find the causes of such issue and ways or strategy to reduce or eliminate these types of practices. Thus, this essay gives the brief picture of gender discrimination issue in India and its impact on the community interest. The reason for decided to use the secondary data method collection because gaining the deep knowledge about the community issues, the data is sourced with the help of different articles, newspaper editions, online links etc (Gul et al., 2011).

Besides that, the main reason of using the secondary method sources is that it helps in providing the detail information about the subject matter. That’s why the secondary method is used in this paper.

Who presented the issue?

Different authors are considered as a presenter for the issues as for this study various articles and editors are used so in that context of the authors, researcher are the one who present the gender discrimination issues in a relevant manner.

How it was defined?

The issue is defined by different presenter in differ manner. In all the above mention articles, the issue related to the gender discrimination in India is defined in a systematic and in clear manner. The issue which become a concern for the community interest is the increasing gender discrimination in the Indian society/community.

However, it is fact that still gender disparity largely exists in the country in India in each sector whether it is health, education, politics and career choices etc. In a similar manner, Gender Discrimination in India (2017) mentioned the gender issues in their article which community faced in India and according to Global gender gap report; gender discrimination is visible in each sector of India.

Likewise, there is inequality in girl’s education due to poor mentality of the people especially in rural regions. Literacy level of females in India is 65.46% compared to males 82.14%. There is also very less liberty is given to the women’s/ girls in regards to choose their careers.

In the article of Batra & Relo (2017), it is defined that gender inequality issues in community are occurred in the form of socially constructed predefined gender roles. It defines the reasons of discrimination among boys and girls. Likewise it starts from the deep cultural and historic roots due to which still women’s are not allowed to perform many activities in their daily household work or in the workplace. This is also considered as a growing concern for the society and community development.

According to Indian parenting (2017), the issue of gender biasness is emerged from the child upbringing. For instances, if a boy child is little shy then community considered him as a sissy (coward) while is girl child is extrovert then she is considered as tomboy. So, the inequality is developed from the individual mindset or perception.

Likewise, articles in the starting clearly mention about the issue of gender discrimination and then it defines its impact on the Indian community. At the same time, authors also present the strategies which are government and NGOs initiated to eliminate the issue of gender inequality.

Each author in their articles also defines the examples with giving the statics. However, in one of the articles, it is define that there is only 65.46% girls are educated as compared to males 82.14% (IIFL, 2016). Thus, such presentation gives the clear knowledge to the reader regarding to subject matter. It can be stated that issue are presented in the article in an organised way that clearly indicating the current issue of community to the audiences.

Whose interest is/are affected by the issues?

The majorly society and economy is affected by the issue of gender discrimination in India. It is also find that growth and development of India is largely influenced by the inequality. Due to that, government, NGOs has taken initiatives to protect the interest of women’s through developing various policies and schemes in concern to women’s.

However, government for the women’s in the workplace creates the acts such fair compensation act and gender equality acts. Moreover, government to support the girl education, they start campaigns and promote the girl education with the BetiBachao, BetiPadhao campaign. Therefore through such ways, they protect the interest of the community and result in economic growth.

On the flip side, the newspaper article of Jaishankar (2013) depicted that India has compensate huge cost due to discrimination and it is in the form of reducing economy growth by 4 % annually over the past 10 years. However, less literacy rate and less growing opportunity for women’s in the manufacturing sector makes a deep impact on the growth of India.

It is identified from the website of IIFL (2016) that there are more than 72% of women in the community feel that gender biasness is still at workplace. It is reflecting in the areas of compensation, job position. Likewise, it is fact that women are always offered less pay comparatively to male gender and at the same time, management always prefer to provide high position to male member. Thus, such practices clearly raising the concern of gender inequality in the community.

The underlying cause of the issues

From the research of Sharma (2015), it is identified that patriarchal society is the major issue for the community as patriarchy is the system which is social structure and practices in which male gender has dominates, oppose and exploit women’s. Thus, exploiting the women is the tradition cultural phenomenon in India. It is root cause of bringing the gender inequality in Indian society.

Patriarchal is the system or practice in which males member dominates, exploit the females. As per this system, women’s is considered as custody for their fathers when they are girl child and after marriage they are in the custody of their husband (Sharma, 2015). Thus customs of the society didn’t allow the women’s to live their own life.

Furthermore, Save the Children (2016) illustrated gender discrimination is the reality in India and the human old traditions and culture is the key driver of generation of inequality. It is because old culture guides the individual mindset and their actions.

In addition to this, human perception is also the reason of the growing gender inequality in India. It occurs with the differences in socially constructed gender roles. However, since childhood parent make their children’s learn about meaning of masculine and feminine. As they make their boy learn not to behave like sissy (coward).

Thus such activities develop the mindset or perception of the individual in a particular way. Therefore, these are the key reason which is the root cause of the gender discrimination in India.  In the newspaper edition of Sharma (2017), it is mentioned that for achieving the gender quality in India, it is required to weigh what should be removed and what should be addressed to promote the equal rights of women in India.

It means there are no equal rights for women in the society in the Indian society causing the gender discrimination. In such case, the affirmative action need to be taken as per the newspaper edition and in this, affirmative action policy should be used to develop the equality among the gender. In regards to this, government has taken several initiatives like Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao etc.

On the other side, Segran (2010) stated that there are various programs developed under the UNDP in order to help the rural women’s regarding to feed, clothe and shelter their families. But still there is more need a holistic approach to address such issues in the community. It can be done through encouraging the women’s to take initiative for themselves through involving with NGOs and contributing for nations.

It is also required to promote girls education especially in the rural part in India because gender inequality is till now highly deep rooted into the village area. At the same time, for the urban women’s, management of workplace should revise their policy and bring some new norms that would benefit to the women’s. Thus, these all initiatives will be also only possible with the government support so in this regard government policies is quite vital for brining the equality in the nation.

From the above discussion, it can be concluded that the Indian community is the facing the issue of gender discrimination and it also affects the economic growth. The major causes of this issue are the human perception, old tradition culture and the patriarchal practices of the society. Thus, to eliminate such activities, various schemes and programs are initiated by the government and NGOs.

References

Batra, R & Relo, T. G. (2017) Gender Inequality Issues in India. Sage Journals. [Online] Available at: http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/1523422316630651 (Accessed: 25th September, 2017).

Gender Discrimination in India. (2017) [Online] Available at:  http://www.gr8ambitionz.com/2017/01/Gender-discrimination-in-india.html (Accessed: 25 September 2017).

Gul, F. A., Srinidhi, B., & Ng, A. C. (2011) Does board gender diversity improve the informativeness of stock prices?. Journal of Accounting and Economics, 51(3), pp. 314-338.

IIFL, (2016) More than 72% of women feel gender bias still at workplace: Team Lease Study [Online] Available at: http://www.indiainfoline.com/article/news-top-story/more-than-72-of-women-feel-gender-bias-still-at-workplace-teamlease-study-116021803256_1.html (Accessed: 25th September, 2017).

Indian Parenting. (2017) Gender Bias. [Online] Available at: http://www.indiaparenting.com/raising-children/131_315/gender-bias.html (Accessed: 25th September, 2017).

Jaishankar, D. (2013) The Huge Cost of India’s Discrimination against Women. The Atlantic. [Online] Available at: https://www.theatlantic.com/international/archive/2013/03/the-huge-cost-of-indias-discrimination-against-women/274115/ (Accessed: 25th September, 2017).

Save the Children, (2016) Gender Discrimination in the Indian Society. [Online] Available at: https://www.savethechildren.in/articles/gender-discrimination-in-the-indian-society (Accessed: 25th September, 2017).

Segran, G. (2010) Gender discrimination in India: a reality check. The business school for the world [Online] Available at: https://knowledge.insead.edu/leadership-organisations/gender-discrimination-in-india-a-reality-check-723 (Accessed: 25th September, 2017).

Sharma, R. (2015) GENDER INEQUALITY IN INDIA: CAUSES AND REMEDIES. Research scholar department of sociology. 6 (8) pp. 141-145. [Online] Available at: http://www.academia.edu/23439385/GENDER_INEQUALITY_IN_INDIA_CAUSES_AND_REMEDIES (Accessed: 25th September, 2017).

Sharma, S. (2017) Achieving gender equality in India: what works, and what doesn’t. The conversation. [Online] Available at: https://theconversation.com/achieving-gender-equality-in-india-what-works-and-what-doesnt-67189 (Accessed: 25th September, 2017).

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