Assignment Sample HR4043 Organizational Behavior and Practice 

 Introduction

This essay is formulated on the impacts of organizational theory that helps in the analysis of selective practices and behaviors in the chosen company that is Tesco. The chosen topic is changing behavior among consumers in the organization of Tesco. This particular change might develop an impact on purchasing styles among consumers.

The behavior of consumers might change depending on factors that include product quality delivered by Tesco firm on various range of products offered for the betterment of consumers. The paradigm lies in understanding the environment of Tesco by customer behavior and proper purchasing styles. This helps to increase the selling of an organization’s products or services.

The main aim of this essay is to implement a suitable organizational theory that helps to improve customer behavior and carry out the proper form of purchasing styles of Tesco’s products.

Understanding the nature of considered organizations

Tesco’s organizational business nature lies in operations on production elements regarding all sort of activities or services-oriented that helps to meet the demand of consumers. There is the presence of outbound logistics that provides an important form of the value chain in the company and the vital nature of the business process.

The supporting form of activities is to deliver a constant form of support among customers by providing necessary types of products from Tesco (www.tesco.com, 2020).http://HR4043 Organizational Behavior and Practice The nature of a company lies in infrastructure that needs to be maintained by the management to deliver high productivity among customers.

The Tesco firm is to maintain management in human resources that help to recruit dedicated employees that deliver a constant form of support for delivering better services or products among consumers.

Tesco organization opened its first store in North London in the year of 1929. T.E. Stockwell and John Cohen founded this organization. The company has been used as a major form of strategy at the time of building loyalty among customers which marks an important nature of the firm. The organization has started to reach $ 500 billion of turnover by delivering better quality products or services to customers.

This has become the first business in the market UK by reaching high profits and being transferred as the largest retailer in the market of nature. The organization delivers a vital form of products or services that can easily meet the demands of customers. The company has successfully made a suitable form of scope and directions for long-term set goals that can be easily achieved with the presence of resources.

This might lie as a suitable form of resources that can be used as changing the form of the environment, which can easily make a changing environment to meet market needs and fulfill the expectations of stakeholders. There is a present of suitable of brand images that are followed by the organization Tesco which provides constant support in delivering better products to the customers (www.tesco.com, 2020).http://HR4043 Organizational Behavior and Practice

Demonstrate understanding of critical paradigms and apply this paradigm throughput essay

The chosen paradigm lies in the environmental analysis of the Tesco Company that formulates with consumer behavior and purchasing style changes. Consumer behavior provides suitable areas that help to deliver highly competitive and concentrated areas in the organization of Tesco. In the retail sector, there is a necessity to focus on recruiting a maximum number of people and analysis of customer behavior.

The primary importance of the analysis of consumer behavior is that helps the organization understand the maximum number of products purchased. Consumer behavior lies with the impulse that needs to be understood by the organization. As an example, customer impulse provides exactly what products need to buy in the presence of different types of products (Chumg et al. 2016). http://HR4043 Organizational Behavior and PracticeThe three types of things need to be understood properly by the company to understand customer behavior at the time of purchasing products.

These include demands, wants, and needs that differ from one customer to others. The lifestyle needs to be understood among consumers that deliver different types of products required among consumers. The necessity such as medical emergency or requirement of insurance provides purchasing a different type of products from retail sectors. Tesco organization needs to understand this paradigm properly regarding consumer behaviors for buying and formulate with change purchasing styles.

The changed behavior of consumers makes different styles for buying products. Customer behavior helps in improving sales figures in the organization. There is a particular area upon which the products can be sold that completely depends on the process of consumers at the time of purchasing products. Brand equity arises from consumer insights that deliver a different form of perceptions that might change customers’ mind and delivers high turnovers.

Customer behavior and buying change styles can be understood through the product portfolio. This can be conducted by the continuous form of observation of the behavior of customers that enables to find a proper gap in a portfolio of products, which can turn in launching a new type of products to meet the demand of consumers. The shifting of market trends helps in the analysis of customers. The shifting process of the organization delivers environment-friendly as well as healthy food products that lie on new trends for the Tesco organization.

The current consumers make clear indications for future consumers of the company. As an example, if Tesco’s organization lies 50% impulsive then customers in the future will be impulsive. Consumer behavior indicates targeting and segmentation. The consumer behavior and change in purchasing styles can be understood properly by sales forecasting.

Tesco firm might not waste any products or resources that are going to be sold in summer as the customer can able to purchase those products in winter. The proper analysis of customer behavior helps the company to save costs on warehousing, manufacturing costs, and marketing costs. The customer behavior and change of purchasing products help in providing a different form of decisions and actions, which might become a high form of influence for buying of products.

The advertisement process delivers a high influence for making decisions in purchasing among consumers. The marketing campaign carried out regularly makes the high form of influence among consumers so that high opts can be made from a particular brand at the time of shopping from Tesco firm.  Customer personal preferences provide a factor in the making different behavior and changing purchasing styles of products (Blake & Lloyd, 2020).http://HR4043 Organizational Behavior and Practice

Demonstrate an understanding of organizational theory on a chosen topic

The organizational theory delivers behavioral patterns followed by the organization that helps to identify in solve a problem. In this case, organizational theory can be related to a chosen topic that changes in consumer behavior and purchasing styles change. This organizational theory helps to provide a better form of relationships between the environment and organization that might affect business.

The external and internal and internal areas can be properly understood from organizational theory. Customer behavior and changes in purchasing styles can be properly known from the organizational theory (Pereira et al. 2017). http://HR4043 Organizational Behavior and PracticeThe organizational theories help in addressing critical questions that might include understanding customer behavior and purchasing styles of products. The different types of organizational theory are followed as:

  1. Classical organizational theory

The classical organizational theory provides a suitable form of approaches that helps to understand customer behavior and change in purchasing styles.  The classical organizational theory is developed on a suitable accounting model and can be put at the time of finding problems that can be solved easily. The change in customer behavior and purchasing style has been a constant problem faced by the Company Tesco.

This organizational theory helps to put up suitable inputs and outputs among staff members. This helps to provide appropriate types of practices carried out by the staff members by understanding requirements helps to meet demand easily. In this theory, the company does not divide labor into the performed job. Labor is considered a stable form and subjected to an important form of change in the organization.

This theory is in a suitable form of favor that can be centralized and integrated where the management of the firm can able to put the central figure. The clear structure of this classical organizational theory helps to understand the behavior of customers (Wickert et al. 2017).http://HR4043 Organizational Behavior and Practice It helps in increasing productivity and efficiency by delivering better services or products to the customers. It assists in increasing the sales of products as per the requirements of consumers.

Better working conditions can be generated through this organizational theory among the staff members. Hence, the employees in Tesco can understand the demands of customers and delivers different purchasing styles of products. A better bond can be developed between managers and workers from this organizational theory. It helps to increase the salary structures of staff members.

  1. Administrative Organizational Theory

This organizational theory helps in putting up corporate management as well as behavioral factors among the human in the entire management process. The major form of concepts that arise from departmentalization is where entire activities can be classified and identified at the time of accomplishment as a suitable form of the task effectively. In the administrative departments, the organizational theory can be focused on how

Tesco management can able to structured and how staff members can be organized to accomplish the given task. In this given case, the major issues faced by the organization from the changes arise from consumer behavior and delivers different types of purchasing styles (Kitchin, 2017). http://HR4043 Organizational Behavior and practice this type of theory helps in improving management efficiency levels at the time of standardizing process and shifts to better operational levels where individual staff members can become highly aware of happened changes in customers’ behavior and purchasing styles.

These changes in customer behavior and purchasing styles can be understood properly among the highly trained staff members in the Tesco Company. The management of the firm needs to arrange employees in such a manner so that the changes in customers buying behaviors can be noticed properly and a possible strategy needs to be introduced.

It focuses on the structure of the management that helps in improving management’s efficiency level. The entire division of work can be based on a suitable form of specialization regarding the effective accomplishment of given tasks, which includes reducing changes in customer behavior and purchasing styles.

The proper form of emphasis is based on a suitable form of obedience and behaviors of staff members that can directly influence behavior changes. The proper form of systematic arrangement helps to understand the behavior of customers at the time of buying products from Tesco (James, 2017).http://HR4043 Organizational Behavior and Practice

iii. Non-classical organizational theory

This theory provides a suitable area in the company regarding social systems and human actions that deliver a direct form of impact on performance. This organizational theory has been put on focusing among particular human beings in the company. This theory helps to consider approaches to human relations conducted in the organization. The informal and formal structure exists in the company by following this organizational theory.

The informal structure can be generated due to social interactions that happen between social interactions carried out between the workforce that affects on formal one. Customer behavior can be properly understood by carrying out social interactions through organization-developed websites.

There might be general forms of conflicts that arise between the interest of the organization and individuals by motivated diversely to fulfilling specific forms of needs. This theory helps in believing ineffective teamwork that can deliver a smooth form of functioning in the company. This can be achievable through approaches to organizing instances on how individual members can able to interact and make a response (Burrell & Morgan, 2017).  http://HR4043 Organizational Behavior and Practice

Demonstrate suitable ability for analysis of chosen organizational behavior and practices in the chosen firm by chosen model, theory, and framework

The organizational behavior and practices provide important areas upon which business can be operated successfully.  The organizational behavior and practices can be dedicated to improving the performance of the job, satisfaction of the job, promoting innovation, and leadership encouragement.

In this case, the chosen organizational behavior or practices lies with the quality products supplied among consumers that can be easily kept one step ahead of the rival firms. Tesco Company delivers unique retail products and services among the consumers, which indicates the major form of organizational behavior and practices.

This can be related to an economic model among customer behavior that can be stated as consumers that can easily draw on products at less amount of prices. The purchasing styles of consumers become dependent on the income per capita of customers (McShane et al. 2018).http://HR4043 Organizational Behavior and Practice There is the presence of various forms of an organizational model that can be followed:

  1. Autocratic Model

The organization with an autocratic form of environment tries to deliver better arras regarding authority oriented. This delivers a suitable form of areas in authority that can be delegated to the right areas over the applied people. The management tries to believe that best behavior judgment can be determined by the health of firms and the presence of staff members who follows orders.

This can be assumed that staff members can be directed, pushed, and persuaded on set performance by the company. This model becomes successful in various situations where a particular form of workers can able to get lazy work on faced situations (Hanlon, 2019).http://HR4043 Organizational Behavior and Practice

  1. Supportive Model

This organizational behavior and practices can be determined through this supportive form of the model by the presence of leadership. The management can able to create a favorable form of climate in organizational areas through the presence of leadership that helps to provide high capacities and achieve things successfully.
The leader can able to assume that workers can able to take necessary responsibility and provide a high form of contributions in providing better services or products to the customers. This can be oriented as support receives from management so that the staff member can increase the performance of the company by delivering better services to the customers (Onn, Yunus & Yusof, 2017).http://HR4043 Organizational Behavior and Practice

iii. Nomothetic model

This model is concerned with the suitable form of theory that helps in building the basis of macro-level areas. This becomes highly concerned with the presence of generalizations, hypotheses, and laws that make an indication of behavior regularity and developed correlations between the presence of variables. The organizational behavior and practices help in investing the requirements of the consumer regarding particular types of products introduced by the organizations.

Organizational behavior can be used as a systemic form of study that helps in improving the suitable form of behaviors that can be delivered among the customers at the time of buying products or services. The organizational behavior and practices help in offering opportunities and challenges in the company and offer a suitable form of guidance for creating an ethical working environment in the company. This suitable form of organizational behavior and practices provides better product quality among consumers (Salas-Vallina, Alegre & Fernandez, 2017).http://HR4043 Organizational Behavior and Practice

HR4043 Organisational Behaviour and Practice

Figure: Nomothetic model

(Figure: Salas-Vallina, Alegre & Fernandez, 2017)

            There is the presence of a certain form of theories present in the organizational behaviors and practices that helps to strengthen business carried out by the organization. Good behavior and practices of organization help in studying how people can able to interact and behave within particular groups. It includes job performance, the satisfaction with job, creativity, leadership, and innovation. The suitable form of changes can be implemented and a new form of strategies introduced through the presence of suitable organizational practice and behavior. These organizational practices and behavior theory can be followed as:

  1. Hybrid organizational theory

This theory can be argued among people that might no longer be chosen between profit enterprises and altruistic non-profit firms. This theoretical model provides a better form of behavior and development among organizations. The team efforts can be organized as a suitable form of effort that can be carried through providing better services to the customers (Hackett et al. 2018).http://HR4043 Organizational Behavior and Practice

  1. Informal organizational theory

The informal theory can be recognized properly by hiding the form of systems on structures regarding the formal firm. The informal firm lies in relationships and friendships developed between staff members in the company. The informal organizational theory delivers a better form of practices and behaviors of the staff members that helps to deliver a high advantage among the customers.

The Tesco Company through informal organizational theory can introduce the proper quality products to the customers. The consumer behaviors can be stated with the customers through the presence of lesser amount prices enlisted on the products of Tesco. Customers from the Tesco retail stores through online or offline modes can easily purchase this low rate price of products.

This makes emphasis on the better form of purchasing styles among the customers. Consumer behaviors lie in seeking products that are present at low prices so that they can easily purchase them and make them as purchasing styles (Olivier-Pijpers et al. 2018).http://HR4043 Organizational Behavior and Practice

iii. Resource Dependence Theory

The industries based on products can be well acquainted in the resource dependence form of theory. This theory can be stated as a suitable form of performance, which delivers a high form of influence by the presence of an available form of resources. The resource dependence theory indicates the presence of accurate resources available in the company so that customers can able to use the necessary form of resources.

The organization tries to enhance a suitable form of products delivered to the customers at a reasonable price that becomes easily affordable.  The presence of professionals in organizational behavior can be considered as consumers become a major form of resource. Without the presence of consumers, the business operations can thrive and better several forms of streams can be retained and acquired among the consumers.

There are presences of multiple areas for the availability of sources that can be attained as a required form of resources that can thrive and creates the necessary form of security among people within the business operations (Chumg et al. 2016).  http://HR4043 Organizational Behavior and Practice

HR4043 Organizational Behavior and Practice

Figure: Resource Dependence Theory

(Source: Chung et al. 2016)

Conclusion

It has been concluded that organizational behavior and practices are vital aspects that need to be focused on in every organization. This helps to deliver a high form of business operations in the market by providing products or services to the customers.

In this case, Tesco’s organization has been taken into consideration with a suitable form of planning that helps to deliver better quality products to the customer at an affordable price. Consumer behavior and purchasing styles need to be considered by the company.

References

(2020). Retrieved 18 May 2020, from https://www.tesco.com/.

Blake, H., & Lloyd, S. (2020). Influencing organizational change in the NHS: lessons learned from workplace wellness initiatives in practice.

Burrell, G., & Morgan, G. (2017). Sociological paradigms and organizational analysis: Elements of the sociology of corporate life. Routledge.

Chumg, H. F., Seaton, J., Cooke, L., & Ding, W. Y. (2016). Factors affecting employees’ knowledge-sharing behavior in the virtual organisation from the perspectives of well-being and organizational behavior. Computers in Human Behavior64, 432-448.

Chumg, H. F., Seaton, J., Cooke, L., & Ding, W. Y. (2016). Factors affecting employees’ knowledge-sharing behavior in the virtual organisation from the perspectives of well-being and organizational behavior. Computers in Human Behavior64, 432-448.

Hackett, R. D., Wang, A. C., Chen, Z., Cheng, B. S., & Farh, J. L. (2018). Transformational Leadership and Organisational Citizenship Behaviour: A Moderated Mediation Model of Leader‐Member‐Exchange and Subordinates’ Gender. Applied Psychology67(4), 617-644.

Hackett, R. D., Wang, A. C., Chen, Z., Cheng, B. S., & Farh, J. L. (2018). Transformational Leadership and Organisational Citizenship Behaviour: A Moderated Mediation Model of Leader‐Member‐Exchange and Subordinates’ Gender. Applied Psychology67(4), 617-644.

Hanlon, S. M. (2019). The influence of informal communication on learning in a political party: an integrated approach utilizing information behavior and organizational learning perspectives (Doctoral dissertation, Northumbria University).

James, P.S., 2017. Organizational Behaviour, 1e. Pearson Education India.

Kitchin, D. (2017). An introduction to organizational behavior for managers and engineers: A group and multicultural approach. Routledge.

McShane, S., Olekalns, M., Newman, A., & Martin, A. (2018). Organizational behavior.

Olivier-Pijpers, V. C., Cramm, J. M., Buntinx, W. H., & Nieboer, A. P. (2018). Organizational environment and challenging behavior in services for people with intellectual disabilities: A review of the literature. Alter12(4), 238-253.

Onn, C. Y., Yunus, N., & Yusof, H. (2017). The relationship between collective efficacy and organizational citizenship behavior among teachers in Malaysia. VOL. 25 (S) FEB. 2017, 41.

Pereira, V., Malik, A., & Froese, F. J. (2017). Mapping the impact of Asian business systems on HRM and organizational behavior: Multi-level comparative perspectives. Journal of Asia Business Studies.

Salas-Vallina, A., Alegre, J., & Fernandez, R. (2017). Happiness at work and organizational citizenship behavior. International Journal of Manpower.

Wickert, C., Vaccaro, A., & Cornelissen, J. (2017). “Buying” corporate social responsibility: organizational identity orientation as a determinant of practice adoption. Journal of Business Ethics142(3), 497-514.

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