RAIL

HS2 Rail project

Introduction

The report that we are going to make is all about the HS2 railway project of United Kingdom. The primary area of focus in this particular project is about the reasons which are very much responsible for the delay of the project and that also by a factor of 5 years.

In addition to this we are also going to discuss about the factors which might be avoided by the people those who are involved with this project.

The report that we are framing will also contains some of the ethical and the sustainable issues which in turn were very much responsible for the delay of the HS2 railway project which in turn hampered the growth of the railway connectivity of UK (that is United Kingdom).

In this report we are also going to discuss about the factor of external and the internal stakeholders and up to which extent they have contributed in delaying the concerned railway project that is HS2. In addition to this we are also going to discuss about the impact of this delay on the railway lines.

In the last part of this report we are also going to mention about the recommendations that can be followed to overcome from the current scenario (van, 2019).

Main Body

It is an evident fact to state that there are several reasons which have made the HS2 railway project of UK in delay and they are described in the below mentioned parts:

Investments

The in depth study on this particular project (that is HS2) revealed the very fact that the amount of investment that is involved with the Construction is quite high as compare to the traditional ones. In addition to that the cargo cost that is associated with this project is also high and that is becoming a huge roadblock in the progress of the project.

The main query that is in the minds of the investors is that what is going to be the viability of the project and that also in the long term and that in turn is becoming a huge roadblock in this project. This is such an aspect which can’t be avoided by any means.

 

Delay in Land Acquisition

It is quiet an evident fact to state that for the success of the railway project like HS2, there is always a need for the acquisition of land at a large scale and that also at a fast pace but the main fact is that there are several aspect which are associated with the acquisition process and that in turn make the entire process delayed in nature and that in turn becomes a huge roadblock for the progress of the concerned railway project (that is HS2 in this case).

This is one of the factors which can’t be easily avoided (Wang, 2019).

Unforeseen Ground Conditions

This is one of the critical factors which had largely contributed to the delay of the concerned project (that is HS2 in this case) and this mainly involves situations such as: Firstly the weather conditions in the construction are can change any time and that to some extent contribute in delaying of the HS2 project,

the number of workers that is expected to be working in the project at times becomes less and that is one of the unforeseen scenario which in turn is becoming a roadblock for the growth of the HS2 railway Project in United Kingdom.

Issues that are associated with the relocation of the of people those who were living earlier in the area of construction is also one of the issue that can’t be predicted from the earlier case and that in turn delays the progress of the concerned project ( that is HS2 in this case).

These are some of the reasons which are quiet crucial in nature and also theses are such that it can’t be avoided also. In addition to this we can also mention the fact that there can be some of the accidents in the project site and that is one of the factors which can be easily avoided by making people aware of some the safety and the precautionary measures (Núñez, 2019).

Political Risk

One of the reason that is revealed from the in depth study of the given scenario is that of the Political Risk. It is quiet an evident fact that no political party across the globe in long living and there is going to be a time when other political party may come in power and that party might not support the HS2 project and that in turn is going to be a big challenge for the progress of the concerned project (that is HS2 in this case).

In addition to this it can be well stated that Political will plays a crucial role for the progress of any such type of projects and from this it can be well concluded that this factor can’t be avoided by any way (Raikes, 2019).

Ethical Issues/challenges

It is an evident fact to state that there are certain professional ethics and integrity which the workers of the concerned project (that is HS2 railway project) needs to follow and if those are not followed in an appropriate manner then in that case it is surely going to hamper the overall progress of the HS2 railway project and that in turn is going to make a drastic impact on the railway connectivity of United Kingdom.

In addition to this there can be certain kind of scenarios where the workers or the mangers those who are working in the concerned project (that is HS2 in this case) might have ethical conflicts which to some extent also hampers the overall progress of the project.

One of the ethical issues that HS2 project have faced is that the engineers to some extent have hidden the quality of the materials that are used in the construction and that in turn brought several complexities in the project and that to some extent contributed in the delaying of the project so in order to solve this mater it is very much needed to have a certain level of transparency in reporting to the senior authority regarding the defects.

In addition to this one of the ethical issue is that whether the quality of the material have been scrutinized in an effective manner before they are used and in the study it is revealed that the checking of the quality is not properly carried out and that at a large extent became the factor for the delay of the HS2 railway project by a tenure of 5 years.

The supervisor who is responsible for the concerned project (that is HS2 in this case)needs to work effectively for the construction management and also to be honest in creating a good working environment for the workers those who are involved in the project (Kapetanović,2019 ).

Sustainability Issues

It is quiet an important fact to state that there are some of the issues which may hamper the sustainability of the concerned railway project (that is HS2 in this case) and they are as follows: Firstly poor an inefficient supply chain management is one of the reasons which might affect the sustainability of the concerned (HS2 project),

secondly it is one of the important fact to state that there is an issue about the over consumption of the energy at a larger extent which in turn is going to affect the sustainability of the project ( that is HS2 in this case).

In addition to this the in depth study of the project revealed the fact there is no source of any kind of Contingency fund and that in turn acted as a roadblock for the overall progress of the concerned project ( that is HS2 in this case).

The supervisor who is responsible for the concerned project (that is HS2 in this case) needs to work effectively for the construction management and also to be honest in creating a good working environment for the workers those who are involved in the project.

The strength of the workers in the concerned project (that is HS2 In this case) is quite less as compared to the expected ones and that became one of the important factors for the hindrance in the development of the project for along term.

The number of SME (that is Small and Medium Scale Enterprises) that is assisting this concerned project (that is HS2 in this case) is quite less and that in turn is creating a hindrance for the overall growth and the progress of the project in along run,in addition to this the environmental impacts is one of the crucial factor which is going to hamper the sustainability of the concerned project (that is HS2 in this case).

In addition to this the changing market scenario of the equipments that are used for the HS2 project is going to hamper the sustainability factor of the concerned project (that is HS2 in this case).It is also an evident fact to state that the policy framers of the HS2 have framed the policy in such a manner that it has delayed the project (Docherty, 2019).

Impact on Project Due to New Rail Lines

The goal of the HS2 project is to provide vastly developed rail capacity and great connectivity between the major contribution of Britain. Furthermore, The HS2 will offer more reliable features for a variety of backgrounds. Firstly, all services are used to use the same type of stop because there is no conflict with the service except for the current mixed-use line in the UK.

Secondly, high speed networks will be able to disconnect from existing networks over time, with the mainstream of service operating only on the Y rail network. Furthermore, this kind of comparatively closed railway system is generally capable of operating with the higher reliability level.

For example, in Japan, a Tokaido Shinkansen achieves the average delay of below 40 seconds per train (Craig, 2014). Third, the HS2 will enhance the stability of the overall rail system by acting as a substitute way for passengers at times of interruption on current lines.

The benefit may come from decreased labor market friction and increase productivity in the United Kingdom through development in connectivity among cities and regions. Moreover, improved connections accelerate new business to move to higher productive regions, resulting in more centralized economic activity.

These aggregates affect geographic, localization, and the temporal economy.  Also, the localization economies exist when businesses in a particular industry benefit from a position.

For example, if specific skilled employees can move to areas where there is a high demand for such workers, there may be a greater likelihood of jobs such as oil companies and densities of engineers in Aberdeen, Scotland (Synnott, 2013).

Additionally, the geographical economy exists as if companies are located close together, there is more opportunities for organizations to communicate with each other. Lastly, the effect of a temporal economy (or “dynamic Agglomeration Effect”) is more visible when companies are growing.

Besides that, these benefits may include gaining knowledge about the supply chain in other businesses, allowing companies to adapt to reduce costs. Businesses can benefit from economies of the scale described above by increasing connectivity through transport links.

Along with that, HS2 project might lead to a further 22,000 jobs as well as increase in average salaries of £300 per worker in the West Midlands in the year 2026. Also, this opportunity will be focused mainly in central Birmingham (Crompton, 2015).

HS2 will help in increasing economic growth across the UK. The monetization profit of the business is estimated at about £34-45 billion. Also, these include faster travel, more convenient and comfortable journey as well as from business being capable of operating more proficiently, enhancing its productivity, evaluating new markets and labor pools.

Further, these benefits extend far beyond directly on HS2 network in the area, operational services within the HS2 route network and access to the station HS2 were created for the conventional purpose of using the rail network. HS2 creates opportunities to add attractive new buildings to cities across the country.

Also, with a nationwide high-speed rail network, the passengers will benefit from more modern, quieter and less crowded services – on the existing line and HS2 – and faster travel time to different destinations.

Development is important in most city direct network speed connections, but those who travel from many destinations will stop making profits through high-speed services running non-stop into current main lines. Moreover, the experience of new high-speed rail networks recommends that there will similarly be dependability enhancements of the great worth to passengers (Cornet et al. 2018).

By providing a new route for most existing intercity rail traffic, the HS2 provides the opportunity to improve activities and service schedules on the current main north-south lines.

Also, it will be to the advantage of commuters but also regional or local passenger services and freight service. In this way, these opportunities to execute “released capacity” both by allowing additional service to be run and create more space on some existing trains is a huge advantage of HS2.

This opportunity will be valuable for the passengers as the new lines and services are provided more fully during the daily commute. Currently many interface services are fast and the number of passenger and freight services on some lines is limited. The best way to ensure new long-distance capabilities for this service is provided through new lines as well as creating additional capabilities for passenger and the new freight services (Durrant, 2016).

Communications and Stakeholder Engagement

The HS2 scaling scheme, which did not end more than half a century ago, can encourage strong emotions, uncertainty with some commentators, and genuine concern among these locally affected individuals along the route.

Moreover, this is an essential part of engagement and communication strategy to meet these challenges in a constructive and productive way, addressing public information, reassurance and the goodwill of local involvement to mitigate impacts where possible. important part of our communication and engagement strategies to avoid potential impact.

Along with that, the “Strategy and Engagement Delivery Board” is accountable for providing and confirming the delivery of the vision of HS2.

It is depended on the effective stakeholder engagement and communication plans that support the government’s goal for clear policy making, taking in instruction from the external expert as well as in line with the good practice of pan-Government Communications Network (Durrant, 2015).

Along with that, the effective stakeholder management is important to the effective delivery of the vision for HS2.  Our strategy, while becoming flexible with evolving priorities, has established transparent roles and responsibilities between HS2 Limited and the Department of Transportation (DfT).

We have agreed action plans for successful and well-researched measurements for delivery. The DfT plays a key role in engaging with Parliament and other government departments and has recognized a list of main stakeholders that due to their role in transport delivery and impact, merit direct Departmental relationship management.

Moreover, HS2 Limited complements the work of this department and guides regional and community level communication, enables the Ambassador and Advocates program, and runs a quantity of engagement groups. Moreover, HS2 Limited maintains a customer relationship management database as a record of its involvement with stockholders (Bonardet al. 2019).

Engagement at community level is performed through a variety of techniques, based on the experience of providing HS1 and cross rail, together with Community Forums and Planning Forums along the London West Midlands route as well as information forums related to the formal consultation exercise.

Further, HS2 Limited and DfT have teamed up to provide road event events on Birmingham’s North Route in consultation with the government on the second phase route.

Stakeholders are divided extensively as follows: MPs and their associates, local communities, businesses, supply chain industries, academics, environmental groups, campaign groups, and non-governmental organizations share costs directly outside the affected party.

The transformational nature of the HS2 continues to go directly beyond the route to enhance the engine, and is part of a broader speed-of-strategy strategy to target the overall long-term transport network in future (Chen, 2012).

The primary government supported the national high-speed rail network with the provision of additional high power. However, the relatively low cost of operating a new line that can support a different speed service than conventional speed services will now create more expensive travel opportunities.

Many advocates support a reduction in travel time between British major transport and international gateways. The benefits of business leisure and other travel are also widely recognized.

The Midlands and North are expected to benefit significantly from major markets in London and the Southeast, as well as the proposed international facilities at Heathrow Airport and the Channel Tunnel.

We recommend defeating the idea that the region is exiled from the mainland and the mainstream of the international economy flow, change the help of this will. It should also be noted that more, with a long-term perspective of feedback, is proposed, HS2 is not designed to provide enough power for that.

In support of this position, it can be stated that the current and current demand for intercity rail travel will finally exhaust the capacity to supply HS2 before the current settlement.

The government has acknowledged that it has chosen a robust approach to supplying additional power, especially when considering new and existing line capabilities and continues to make informed decisions about the best available evidence.

In addition, the capacity provided by the proposed network may not be sufficient, but may include, e.g., the north-south line of the capital with the proposed Y network (Rawlings, 2017).

Conclusion

This study shows that the model is very sensitive to small difference in growth expectations. As is understandable to others, an easy way is to increase rail capacity in the UK and faster. Perhaps the UK will need a new rail scheme that connects the northern cities and London directly, so doing so could pay off the real demand there.

Also, all fields should be considered equal. One project that has spread across the UK but one of London’s richest regions cannot benefit the two regions. The work needs to be trusted by the voters of this organization. This is why judges usually judge the project fairly.

Moreover, the government has also acknowledged difficulties in estimating demand in the future. Along with that, they continued to use the elastic model, which is important. When rail route requests, especially for long-distance routes, become increasingly unstable.

As a result, pre-requisite models have helped determine the benefits of the project. However, government analysis has failed to include the effects of technological change. While it is unclear whether this will have a positive or negative impact on rail demand, it increases the uncertainty of the project to deliver the expected benefits. For this reason, the potential benefits of HS2 should be carefully considered.

References

Bonard, C., Richards, C. and Mudiganti, A., 2019, February. HS2 railway, UK–route development to the hybrid bill: the environmental statement. In Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers-Transport (pp. 1-9). Thomas Telford Ltd.

Chen, C.L., 2012. The case for HS2 from a regional, social and economic perspective: Debate in a UK Parliamentary seminar. Regions Magazine287(1), pp.4-5.

Cornet, Y., Barradale, M.J., Gudmundsson, H. and Barfod, M.B., 2018. Engaging multiple actors in large-scale transport infrastructure project appraisal: an application of MAMCA to the case of HS2 high-speed rail. Journal of Advanced Transportation2018.

Craig, P.P., 2014. Constitutionalizing Constitutional Law: HS2.

Crompton, A., 2015. Runaway train: public participation and the case of HS2. Policy & Politics43(1), pp.27-44.

Docherty, I., Shaw, J. and Waite, D., 2019. The political economy of transport and travel. Transport Matters: Why transport matters and how we can make it better, p.29.

Durrant, D.W., 2015. The controversial discourse on speed in the case of HS2. Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers-Urban Design and Planning168(5), pp.241-250.

Durrant, D.W., 2016. The role of civil society in mega-transport project decision-making: the case of the proposed high speed rail connection, High Speed Two (HS2) (Doctoral dissertation, UCL (University College London)).

Jiang, S. and Wang, Y., 2019. Long-Term Ground Settlements over Mined-Out Region Induced by Railway Construction and Operation. Sustainability11(3), p.875.

Kaewunruen, S., 2019. Keynote Lecture: New Practical Insights towards Resilient and Sustainable Highspeed Rail Infrastructures.

Kapetanović, M., van Oort, N., Núñez, A. and MP, R., 2019, June. Sustainability of Railway Passenger Services–A Review of Aspects, Issues, Contributions and Challenges of Life Cycle Emissions. In Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Railway Operations Modelling and Analysis (ICROMA), Norrköping, Sweden (pp. 17-20).

Raikes, L., 2019. TRANSPORT INVESTMENT IN THE NORTHERN POWERHOUSE.

Rawlings, C., 2017, May. HS2 project creates and updates British standards and guidance to improve delivery. In Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers-Civil Engineering (Vol. 170, No. 2, pp. 54-54). Thomas Telford Ltd.

Synnott, M., 2013. Reflection and double loop learning: the case of HS2. Teaching Public Administration31(1), pp.124-134.

 

 

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