Management

Project Management Methodologies

1. Project Management Methodology

A manager is continuously involved in the project and a project has some specific goals and objective that are achieved by the project manager. The goal and objective of the project depend on the nature of the project. In order to achieve the goal and objective of the project, project methodology helps the manager in the each stage and helps to achieve the objective in the effective manner (Burke, 2013).

In the project management, the term methodology refers to a model that project manager adopt for planning, designing and implementation of the strategy in the project. In regard of this, the project manager can use a different kind of the project management methodologies.

In the project management, different methodologies have different needs, and they cover the different business domains (Kerzner, 2013). The project management methodology is helpful to handle the complex project. The project methodology enables the project manager to tackle the project in the effective, comprehensively and systematically manner.

The selection of an effective project management methodology is also important to provide confidence to customers. At the same time, project methodology also allows the project manager to improve the validity and reliability of the project outcomes. The role of the project methodology is also important for the project manager to do the right thing in the right way at the right time (Schwalbe, 2015).

2. Different Project Management Methodologies

Waterfall

The waterfall is also known as the significant methodology of the project management. This methodology is bequest model in the project of the software development project. This methodology was used at the great extent before the introduction of the new methodologies. But, this project management methodology is unable to face the challenges of the current software development domain.

Agile

The agile project management methodology concerns on the adaptability of changing situation and elements. It also focuses on the continuous feedback where, it is not mater that feedback from the client side or the other persons of the team (Turner, 2016). This methodology is helpful in the project that is required extreme agility in requirements.

The main advantage of this project is to dynamic team culture, agile requirements, short-termed delivery cycles (sprints), emphasis on real-time communication and less restrictive project control. This methodology is also suitable for fixed or changing requirements in the project management process. It provides the early partial working solutions to the project managers. It helps the project manager to complete the task of the project within an overall planned context.

Management

From the above study of different methodologies, it is found that there are some similarities between the agile and waterfall. In this, it is identified that both methodologies are similar in the context of the scope, cost, schedule, and performance. Along with this, both methodologies have a similar objective to provide the quality to the project.

These both methodologies also do the same kind of activities in the context of the project. But, on the other hand, it is also identified that is some difference in agile and waterfall project methodologies (Mir and Pinnington, 2014). In this, waterfall methodology is known as the structured software development methodology whereas agile methodology is popular for its flexibility.

Furthermore, the waterfall is an internal methodology process that does not allow the customer participation. In contrary of this, agile methodology is an external process that considers the customers’ satisfaction.

3. Process Related to Project Life cycle

The selected agile project management methodology is important in the project life cycle. In the project industry, each project contains some certain steps such as initiation, planning, execution, monitoring/control and closure Burke, 2013). In this, agile methodology helps to start and complete project effectively.

It focuses on the each step of the project and helps to fulfill each requirement. The agile methodology is also important to make the changes in the project life cycle. Agile project management methodology is a very realistic approach of the software development. It is also important to promotes the teamwork and cross training.

Project development through the agile methodology is helpful for the project manager to manage the resources requirement effectively. In the project life cycle, the agile methodology minimises the rules, documentation and other requirements. Along with this, it is also found that a project management practice with the agile methodology does not require much planning requirement.

References

Burke, R. (2013) Project management: planning and control techniques. New Jersey, USA.

Kerzner, H. (2013) Project management: a systems approach to planning, scheduling, and controlling. USA: John Wiley & Sons.

Leach, L.P. (2014) Critical chain project management. USA: Artech House.

Martinelli, R.J. and Milosevic, D.Z. (2016) Project management toolbox: tools and techniques for the practicing project manager. USA: John Wiley & Sons.

Mir, F.A. and Pinnington, A.H. (2014) Exploring the value of project management: linking project management performance and project success. International journal of project management, 32(2), pp.202-217.            

Schwalbe, K. (2015) Information technology project management. UK: Cengage Learning.

Turner, R. (2016) Gower handbook of project management. UK: Routledge.

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