Compare and contrast the OSI reference model with the TCP/IP networking model

Due to increasing working conditions and continuous change in the technology, there are different models that are made and help to make a strong network of the communication. The Open Systems Interconnection is also one of the major important models that are used to know that how different application communicates over a network (Calvert, & Donahoo, 2011).

This reference model is also helpful to get the understanding about the relationship about the different network layers. At the same time, the main purpose of this model is to provide the guidelines for the developers and the vendors by providing the better comparisons of the different tools of the communication.

In addition to this, Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol is also one of the major important protocols that are used by the firm. It is also known a basic communication language as well as protocol internet (Davidoff, & Ham, 2012). There are also different private network in which the TCP/IP protocol is used as a communications protocol.

In the communications protocol, when the user access the internet directly then the computer of the user provide a copy of the TCP/IP program. So, by this, user can send and receive the any message from any user without facing any issues and the challenges.

The difference between OSI model and TCP-IP other than the number of layers

Advantages of using the OSI model

  • OSI reference model has seven layers
  • In this, there is a guarantee of the transport layer to deliver the packets
  • It is easy for the firm to use of the both services like connection oriented and connectionless service (Govorskii, & Kravets, 2012)
  • In OSI model, it is easy the user to hide any protocol into the model

Disadvantages of using the OSI model

  • In this, many applications don’t have any need for the data integrity
  • It is less supportive for the telecommunication applications (Binkert et al., 2011)
  • In order to work ion OSI model, there is a need to have an agreement b/w three-parties: users & service provider

Advantages of the TCP/IP model

  • It makes enable to work on different routing-protocols
  • In this, it is easy to make a set up connection between various types of computers (Davidson, 2012)
  • This model also has the client-server architecture

Disadvantages of using TCP/IP model

  • There are only four layers
  • Transport layer of TCP/IP model doesn’t provide the assurance to deliver the packets
  • The user can use only the connectionless services (Fall, & Stevens, 2011)
  • It is not possible for the user because it doesn’t hide any protocol

Apart from this, in the research of Benzi et al., (2011), it is stated that for using the both layers, there is a need for the firm to have the networking professionals.  In the research of Binkert et al., (2011), it is defined that the TCP/IP and the OSI model both are based on the layered protocols and the application layer of both models are also quite same.

So, by concerning the all aspects, it can be concluded that both network models are quote appropriate for the users in the communication or to send and receive the message (Vasilakos et al., 2016). But at the same time, the use of Open Systems Interconnection is quite better as compared to the TCP/IP network layer due to convenience and the rapid way of the communication.


Benzi, F., Anglani, N., Bassi, E., & Frosini, L. (2011) Electricity smart meters interfacing the households. IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, 58(10), pp. 4487-4494.

Binkert, N., Beckmann, B., Black, G., Reinhardt, S. K., Saidi, A., Basu, A., … & Sen, R. (2011). The gem5 simulator. ACM SIGARCH Computer Architecture News, 39(2), pp. 1-7.

Calvert, K. L., & Donahoo, M. J. (2011) TCP/IP sockets in Java: practical guide for programmers. Morgan Kaufmann.

Davidoff, S., & Ham, J. (2012) Network forensics: tracking hackers through cyberspace (Vol. 2014). USA: Upper Saddle River: Prentice hall.

Davidson, J. (2012) An introduction to TCP/IP. USA:  Springer Science & Business Media.

Fall, K. R., & Stevens, W. R. (2011) TCP/IP illustrated, volume 1: The protocols. USA: addison-Wesley.

Govorskii, A. E., & Kravets, O. Y. (2012) Mathematical modeling of inhomogeneous traffic in a heterogeneous integrated corporate data control system. Automation and Remote Control, 73(7), pp. 1269-1278.

Vasilakos, A. V., Zhang, Y., & Spyropoulos, T. (Eds.) (2016). Delay tolerant networks: Protocols and applications. UK: CRC press.


Leave a Comment