Assignment Sample on PRISM Sustainability and Environment 

Introduction

This research work is based upon maintaining outputs of projects to maintain environmental sustainability.   Maintaining environmental sustainability is the crucial part of any projects.  Stakeholders play a great role in maintain sustainable environment in projects. They are the investors of the projects and their decision can leave an impact on financing sustainable projects Apart from that, the behavior of the project teams also play an important role to do effective planning to use natural resources and control waste effectively in a project. The. In this research proposal some areas of this topic will be discussed that will help to evaluate the process of maintaining sustainability, ways to do financing and manage stakeholders to maintain sustainability. In this regard, literature review will be discussed and in methodology part, data collection procedure will be narrated. In the critical evaluation part, some opinions from various authors will be critically analyzed.

Problem Statement

 In this research part some important areas will be examined such as, process of maintaining sustainability, impact of sustainability, behavior of the project members, role of stakeholders, and also environmental impact on decommissioned projects. This has been identified that, the outputs of the projects such as any kind of waste leaves a great impact on the environment. A project uses natural resources, which are limited in quantity. Even, the energy consumption is also a matter of fact in incorporating any projects (Misseyanni, Marouli & Papadopoulou2020). This has also been taken in to consideration that, carbon emission is vital factor in project. The carbon emission also hampers the environment. In this regard, this is very important for the project managers to concentrate on maintaining environmental sustainability by control waste and carbon emission (Tang & Tu, 2018). In fact, the usage of natural resources should also be restricted to some extent. Hence, a strategy should be needed for sustainability and financing in those projects. Stakeholders should also be involved to do planning and delivering outputs in a sustainable way.

Research objectives and scope

Research aim

The research aim is to understand the impact of the sustainability in projects. The research also focuses on several areas of sustainability issues in project in order to examine the core of the problems.

Research objectives

The research objectives are

  • To understand the process of adopting sustainable practices in project
  • To identify effective ways to finance sustainable projects
  • To evaluate the impact of sustainability on project practices
  • To understand the behavior of project team influence in maintaining sustainability
  • To analyze the participation of stakeholders, influence planning and delivery of the projects

Research questions

The research questions are

  1. What is the process of adopting sustainable practices in project?
  2. What is the impact of sustainability on project practices?
  3. What are the effective ways to finance sustainable projects?
  4. How does behavior of project team influence in maintain sustainability?
  5. How does the participation of stakeholders influence planning and delivery of the projects?

Literature review:

Journal 1

Journal name:

 Exploring the role of lean thinking in sustainable business practice: A systematic literature review.

Aim

The business can get the proper manufacturing process that provides sustainability and efficiency in the environment.

Objective

To identify the perfect way to involve sustainability in the business and the role which has been played by lean in thinking husband analysis regarding the topic.

Purpose

This analysis aims to generate a business with proper efficiency that needed environmental performance for executive management.

Analysis

The analysis is focused on the conversion period from the traditional business process to a moderate effective production process of a business (Caldera, Desha, & Dawes, 2017). Sustainability is the main concern of this analysis and the process of increasing this action is also involved in the analysis.

Journal 2

Journal name:

Bridging sustainable business model innovation and user-driven innovation: A process for sustainable value proposition design.

Aim

The aim is to make a proper structural business model that helps to carry sustainability along with it.

Objective

To make a proper Reverend is about the sustainable business model that helps to involve Innovation and effectiveness in the design.

Purpose

This analysis aims to follow a proper innovative structure so that the business can run properly.

Analysis

The research involved sustainability regarding innovation and effectiveness because without proper structure of the business model industry cannot execute properly (Baldassarre et al. 2017).

Journal 3

Journal name:

Identifying and prioritizing the benefits of integrating BIM and sustainability practices in construction projects: A Delphi survey of international experts. Sustainable Cities and Society,

Aim

This discussion aims to prioritize and identify the advantages of sustainability in particular construction projects.

Objective

To get a proper idea about the benefits after, involve sustainability management strategies in a business.

Purpose

The purpose of this discussion is to make a proper structure of international exporting regarding sustainability.

Analysis

The analysis has deeply involved the idea about sustainability that prioritized the management process of construction industry (Olawumi, & Chan, 2018).

Journal 4

Journal name:

Effects of green supply chain management practices on sustainability performance. Journal of Manufacturing Technology

Aim

Perfect use of green supply chain management and sustainability can increase the main aim of the discussion.

Objective

To identify the proper way of using green chain management for the increment of sustainability.

Purpose

The purpose of this discussion is to analyse green supply chain management as a segment of sustainability.

Analysis

The green supply chain management has been involved to discuss the sustainability for which a proper identification of all the segments can be clearly done (Çankaya,  & Sezen, 2019). Otherwise, this part remains untouched due to a lack of information analysis.

Journal 5

Journal name:

Ecotoxicological assessment of pharmaceuticals and personal care products using predictive toxicology approaches. Green Chemistry,

Aim

This assessment aims to use proper methods of predictive toxicology that help to increase sustainability.

Objective

To identify the proper way of increasing sustainability in pharmaceuticals and also the products that help to serve the personal accessories.

Purpose

The purpose of these analyses is to take proper care of the product which are considered pharmaceuticals and also able to increase sustainability in the product management process.

Analysis

The analysis is based on increasing the sustainability in the product which are counted as pharmaceutical (Kar et al. 2020). The opportunities which can be obtained after the analysis is the main concern depending on which the success of an organization can be fully fulfilled.

Journal 6

Journal name:

Analysing representations of concept in physics textbooks for a lower secondary school in Sweden–the concept of pressure.

Aim

The aim is to represent a proper analytical process that helps to know about the four parts of a book.

Objective

To know about the main method of presenting the concept of a book which helps to increase the sustainability of knowledge.

Purpose

The purpose of the discussion is to know about the exact way a presentation can be done and the supervisor will be satisfied to read the presentation.

Analysis

The analysis is mainly concerned about the project representation process because without a proper presentation the supervisors cannot be satisfied and without the proper function the sustainability cannot be maintained (Lagerholm, Malmberg, & Eriksson, 2017).

Journal 7

Journal name:

Public-private partnerships as a mechanism of financing sustainable development.

Aim

This analysis aims to make a proper economic development with the collaboration of public-private sectors.

Objective

To identify the limitation of the public-private collaboration that can be observed in the case of increasing sustainability in the financial sector.

Purpose

The purpose of this analysis is to make the economic sector more sustainable so that the investment can be more perfect.

Analysis

The analysis is based on the collaborative nature of the public-private partnership which can provide sustainability in a business economical segment (Sergi et al. 2019). The sustainable financial authority will help increase the investment and the investors will show interest to invest more in a sustainable business. 

Journal 8

Journal name:

Managing the expectations of external stakeholders in construction projects.

Aim

External stakeholder’s satisfaction has to be managed with an exclusive process and the aim is to identify that method of managing the stakeholders properly.

Objective

To know about the expectations of the external stakeholders set for the construction industry.

Purpose

Enhancing the stakeholder satisfaction and managing the method of a construction project in a proper way the sustainability has to be analysed.

Analysis

The analysis has involved the management process of the stakeholders who performed external sites in a construction project. It is very important that with a proper way the stakeholders have to be satisfied by the strategies (Chan, & Oppong, 2017). Otherwise, the sustainability in all the departments can be hampered and does not make any sense in future perception projects if the stakeholders are not satisfied.

Journal 9

Journal name:

Maximising the benefits of participatory climate adaptation research by understanding and managing the associated challenges and risks.

Aim

The maximum usage of the advantages of participatory climate adaptation in a business to reduce risk and increase sustainability.

Objective

To identify the perfect way of implementing an adaptation process that helps to involve more success in the business.

Purpose

The main purpose of using participatory climate adaptation is to increase sustainability in the manufacturing process.

Analysis
The analysis is mainly concerned about the increment of sustainability in the business process and also the method of maximizing the advantage of the participatory climate adaptation method (Cvitanovic et al. 2019). The more adaptation will be sustainability in play simultaneously regarding the process.

Journal 10

Journal name:

Ecotoxicological effects of decommissioning offshore petroleum infrastructure: A systematic review.

Aim

The aim is to involve proper management processes of waste products that are able to reduce pollution from society.

Objective

To make a critical review of the present situation and the regulations are traded in the environment that help decommissioned petroleum infrastructure.

Purpose

The purpose is to make a proper infrastructure that is helpful to give justice to the respective topic.

Analysis

The analysis is mainly done on the structure which is the main place from where the offshore platforms have been identified and started to generate the functions (MacIntosh et al. 2021).

Literature gap

The literature gap is very important to analyse in research proposals. This will help to research to fulfil any research gap and make the research paper effective. The authors in the literature review part, have not shared their views regarding the complexities of stakeholders’ management and the impact on the project management. This can be considered as a literature gap that needs to be fulfilled.

 Research proposal methodology:

Research methodology is the process of collecting and evaluating information about a particular research topic. In this research methodology art, the researcher critically will evaluate the reliability and validity of the research paper Apart from that, the research philosophy also will help to do critical evaluation of a particular portion of the research topic. In this research proposal, the researcher will use quantitative primary data collection method in order to gather information about stakeholders’ management and engagement and analyze it to come to a conclusion.

Philosophical position

There are three types of research philosophy such as positivism, realism and interpretivism which are observed in research methodology (Sinha, Clarke & Farquhar son, 2018). The researcher will use interpretivism research philosophy in order to evaluate information from surveys and questionnaires. This will help to analyze the findings from the subjective viewpoints. Interpretive philosophy will establish relationship between the factors of environmental sustaibility. The findings will maintain the reliability as interpretive approach will use these methods to gather data from the samples prepared from survey. In this way, the researcher can identify and evaluate the factors that plays a big role for doing further research.

Methodology

Data Collection procedure

Data collection procedure is the crucial part of the research methodology. The researcher will use a primary quantitative data collection method in order to do statistical analysis of the research (Sinha, Clarke & Farquhar son, 2018). Apart from that, this  data collection procedure will make it easier for the researcher to consider numerical values of various parts of the information .Conducting surveys can help the researcher get statistically significant results. Even in surveys, the data gathering process is very simple and that can be done by making simple questionnaires. This survey process is very much cost effective which will help the researcher to stay on an allocated budget. In this regard, the researcher will conduct a survey by taking opinions from 51 employees associated with information system, engineering and construction projects. The researcher will prepare close ended questionnaires in order to record the views of the respondents regarding environmental sustainability.

Some close ended questionnaires have been discussed below:

  1. Do you agree that sustainability leaves a huge impact on project?

Strongly agree

Agree

Neutral.

Disagree

Strongly disagree

  1. Do you agree that the stakeholders play an important role in maintaining sustainability in projects?

Strongly agree

Agree

Neutral.

Disagree

Strongly disagree

  1. Do you agree that effective strategies are needed for financing in sustainable projects?

Strongly agree

Agree

Neutral.

Disagree

Strongly disagree

  1. How far do you agree that a process should be adopted for climatic adaptation projects for sustainability?

Strongly agree

Agree

Neutral.

Disagree

Strongly disagree

  1. How far do you agree that project team members should focus on planning to maintain sustainability?

Strongly agree

Agree

Neutral.

Disagree

Strongly disagree

  1. Do you agree that decommissioning projects have impact on environment?

Strongly agree

Agree

Neutral.

Disagree

Strongly disagree

  1. How far do you agree that effective strategies are required to use the resources and control carbon emission in projects?

Strongly agree

Agree

Neutral.

Disagree

Strongly disagree

Data analysis

Sample collection technique

This is another effective technique among all the methods that will help the researcher to conduct quantitative data collection methods effectively (Ismail et al. 2019). This sample technique will help the researcher to estimate the number of participants into two aspects such as size and sample. The first aspect will help the researcher to calculate the number of respondents who will respond in questionnaires. On the other hand, the second aspect will help the researcher to record the opinions of 51respondents during the survey session.

Data Analysis

The researcher will consider deductive thematic analysis to evaluate the data.

This deductive thematic analysis will help the researcher to do scientific investigation to identify the loopholes in stakeholders’ management. Apart from that, this deductive research approach will also be fruitful in terms of analyzing the complexities and challenges project manager face regarding stakeholders’ expectations and opinions.

Chapter Summary

In this methodological part, the researcher will choose to use primary quantitative data collection method in order to collect the data. This quantitative data collection method will enable the researcher to consider numerical values and execute in depth investigation to find the research question. The researcher will also get statistically significant result by conducting the survey. The survey will help the researcher to get information from the perspective and experience of the researcher. The researcher will also use deductive thematic analysis to analyses the data in an effective way. This deductive thematic analysis will help to consider any variables in the same phase.

Critical evaluation

  • Saunders et al.’s (2019 or earlier) ‘Research Onion

Saunders et al.’s (2019 or earlier) ‘Research Onion will help the researchers to develop the research work by going through some stages. The stages are

  1. Research philosophy 2. Research approach 3. Research strategies 4. Research choices and 5. Research time horizon

Research philosophy

 The researcher will use interpretivism research philosophy in order to evaluate information from surveys and questionnaires. This will help to analyses the findings from the subjective viewpoints. This research philosophy will give the opportunity to the researcher to gain holistic insights about the areas associated with stakeholders’ management. These methods will also help the researcher to do statistical analysis by considering the numerical values of the research topic.

Research approach

The two types of research approach can be observed in research methodology such as inductive and deductive research approach There are many drawbacks of an inductive research approach like, this approach is very time consuming and needs advanced skills to conduct this. Hence, the researcher will follow the deductive research approach in order to evaluate and examine various areas of the research. In fact, this research approach will allow the researcher to do scientific investigation to identify the loopholes in stakeholders’ management (Li et al. 2020) .Apart from that, this research approach will help the researcher to establish relationships between variables and the concept. The researcher has used quantitative data collection methods and conducts surveys in order to gather information about several research areas.

The deductive research approach is very much beneficial for the research paper. This research approach will help the researcher to do scientific investigation to identify the loopholes. Apart from that, this deductive research approach will also be fruitful in terms of analyzing the complexities and challenges project manager face regarding controlling carbon emission and waste management (Severo et al. 2020)

Methodological choice

The researcher will choose a mono method, which is the primary quantitative data collection method that will help the researcher to execute statistical analysis of the research paper. This quantitative data collection method will help the researcher to consider numerical and statistical values. Apart from that, the researcher will also get to do in-depth investigation on this topic of environmental sustainability.

Research strategies

 Data collection procedure will make it easier for the researcher to consider numerical values of various parts of the information. Conducting surveys can help the researcher get statistically significant results. Even in surveys, the data gathering process is very simple and that can be done by making simple questionnaires (Sinha, Clarke & Farquharson, 2018).

Research time horizon

The researcher will choose cross sectional time horizon to execute this research. This cross-sectional time horizon is less expensive and less time consuming. In this procedure, the data has been taken in single period.  Even, this also gives the chance to researcher to consider many variables. The survey process is very time consuming as well as complicated. Hence, the time horizon will be longitudinal (Mackenzie, Karaoylas & Starzyk, 2018).

Research procedure and techniques

The researcher may face several limitations and constraints while gathering information regarding the impact and strategies of maintaining sustainability.  Environmental sustainability one of the crucial parts of any project management that can affect the operational and financial areas of the project. In this regard, the researcher will collect information by preparing close-ended questionnaires and taking opinions by using five liker scales. The main problem, the researcher may face that, the mixed responses from the participants. This will create more complexities for the researcher to come to a conclusion. Apart from that, the participants may not feel comfortable to provide honest answers regarding the topic. The participants may not feel encouraged to share thoughts that may create problems for them in future. Even data errors can occur due to non-responses of questions. Conducting surveys is too complicated and time consuming. This will also be very tough for the researcher to make the participants agree for the surveys. Hence, this can be said that time is one of the big constraints that the researcher may face while adopting this survey method.

Reference

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