This part of assignment identified the competencies that help the company to modify and rewire the electrical systems like electrical circuits and equipments as per the approved procedure. Such practices will provide relevant modification to the company. in the modification of the electrical system, it includes various elements such as control systems, motors and starters system, switchgears and distribution panels etc (Zapata & Nieuwenhuis, 2010). Thus such elements changing and adding related decisions are taking under the modification of electrical systems.
Process to modify the electrical system
In order to carry out the modification processes in the electrical system, there are range of process includes such as removing and replacing cables, altering and adding components to panels, changing breakout points or changing the routeing of cables. Therefore regarding such elements, the company take decision in the modification processes (Harrad & Aballah, 2011). The detail description of the carrying out modification of electrical system is given below:-
- Altering the position or angle of the breakout point
- Creation of changes in looms or in mains circuits
- Adding or removing of cables
- Require to changing routes of the cables
- Decision related to soldering and de-shouldering
- Extracting/ inserting components
- Adding cables to existing circuits
- Replacing cables of different size or length
Thus related to these components, company take decision in the electric system modification.
Issues that occur with the modification
The issues/ problems that are occurring with the carrying of modification or rewiring of electrical circuits that are as follows:-
- The problems related to checking system like how to conduct the necessary check on all the competed modification processes (Abanda et al., 2011).
- It is not necessary that all the modification is to be done on the basis of the standards. So develop all the modification as per the standards consider a quite tedious task for the company.
- The modification process incurred huge investment and time of the company that does not prove as a benefit for the company.
Purpose of such Modifications
The main purposes of bringing the modifications are making improvements in the delivering system through adding new quality into it. Another purpose that generally companies posses is to adopt the modification process in order to stand into the market over the longer period of time and give the tough competition to its key competitors. The main purpose in the case of modifying the electrical system is to reduce the safety issue because safety issue are more involved in the electrical appliances so, to reduce all the safety issues related to short-circuit and many others (Huang, 2011). It can be stated that it is a necessary to bring modification in the electrical systems in a timely manner.
Activities that include to bringing modifications
The activities that need to include for bringing properly the modification are as follows:-
- Require to undertake the modification by using manual documentation and maintenances records.
- Require to adhere to procedures or systems to identify the risk assessment, personal protective equipments and other relevant safety regulations.
- Require to provide safe access and working arrangements for the modification area.
- Require to use the modify/ rewiring electrical circuits for modify the electrical vehicle
Thus, these are the requirements that need to carry for bringing the modification in electrical system or in electrical vehicle (Petrus, et al., 2015).
Legal and Safety that need to adhere by the company and study about their impacts on company
In the modification of electrical system, company need to work safely at all times and need to comply with health and other relevant regulations and guidelines. Besides that, company also need to obtain relevant modification specifications for developing best product. It is also necessary to use the different types of cabling such as Multicore cables, single core cables, steel wire armoured cables as their fitting helps from safety issues. Moreover, company should ensure that the completed circuit is free from foreign objects and these circuits should be sound mechanically secure. Thus, by addressing such laws and regulations, company could able to do the modification in an efficient manner. At the same time, these regulations have positive influences on the company to successfully perform the modification. As, it is estimated that the company those follows each regulation in the modification process are able to carry out more safety as compare to the electrical appliances that are not carry with the modification (Wei, et al., 2010).
Knowledge of the OH&S in the modification of electrical system
The knowledge of the OH&S is the current requirements for the electrical companies in order to develop or modify the products as per the OH&S regulations so that reduces the maximum chances of the safety related risk and hazards. This law and regulation assess and migration the risks that could impact the health, safety of the users. Thus, as business owners, it is their duty to meet the legal requirements of the OH&S so that company can deliver the best to the customers.
In addition to this, the electrical companies generally used the equipments that are PPE (personal protective equipments) equip as PPE is that concept which protects the user against from any health or safety risks. For this, company used different types of cable wires, circuits in order to protect the user/customer from any hazard that could be occur with the using of particular equipment (Harrad, & Abdallah, 2011). Therefore, the regulation of OH&S and PPE is needed to adhere by the electrical companies in their modifications process in order to make the customer hazard free.
Benefits of the modification to the owners/ customers
There are various benefits that are occurred for the customers with the modification process. The customer/ users get the updated product with the modification and modification products also provide the guarantee of safety. Besides that, modified products also increase the efficiency of the particular product that gives higher result to users (Harrad & Aballah, 2011). At the same time, the modified equipment always has unique features and high performances and long range of efficiency that provide benefit to the user as such type of product runs long time and the replacement chances is also become less.
- This task gives the detail knowledge about the modification, testing system in the electrical vehicle before delivering to the customers. Likewise, the company could apply the modification in the vehicle through adhering the process or procedure and accordingly personal protective equipment and other relevant system will installed. Thus from this manner, the modification can be done in an effective manner (Jain & Neithalath, 2010). Besides that, to carry out modification in the electrical vehicles, then the company should decide that which type of circuit company need to use for increasing the efficiency of the vehicle. They also need to take decision regarding the replacing cables and route of cables in the modification of the vehicle. At the same time, company should use the equipments that are accordance’s to the current technology that supports largely the modification strategy. Therefore, by using all the above process, company could able to implement the best modification in the electrical vehicle. In case of testing and validating, the company need to check that the particular vehicle is working as per the standards model and it is also monitor that electrical vehicle has been developed within the estimated cost. Thus, with the help of this practice, the company provide the quality services delivery to the customers.
- This modification will provide various change or effects to the vehicles operations or performances in a positive manner (Baeg et al., 2011). The modification is tending to enhance the quality of engine and increase the efficiency of the particular vehicle. The modification in vehicle proves to be beneficial in the vehicle as it also boost the power of the vehicle and become the best solution of safety issues. At the same time, the modification also assists the company to create the positive brand image in front of customers. Therefore, the modification strategy consider as a most relevant tactic for the vehicle.
- Procedure of Modification:-
There are various steps that are used in the modification of the vehicle that are as follows:-
- Identify the issues/problems in the vehicle
- Determine the root cause of problem
- Find the solution that is relevant to issue
- Bring modification decision
- Testing and validating the modification that is done in the electrical vehicles.
Thus, such practices are the best way to bringing the modification. The company through using the modification strategy in their electrical vehicles can able to get various benefits (Engel et al., 2010). Likewise, the company able to build the positive image in the market and it also able to bring the solution of the safety issue in the vehicle. For instances, if the company modify the air bags in the vehicle then it reduces more accidents of the individual. Therefore, modification plays a significant role in reducing the health related issues.
In the modification, there are various instructions that are mention for the safety issues. For that these are as following steps that are mention below:-
- Resolving work health and safety issues
- Consulting with workers on work health and safety
- Monitoring workers health and workplace conditions
- Providing information and training (Lehtomäki et al., 2010).
Hence, these steps help the company to reduce the safety issues.
Replacement of all four brake discs and brake pads into the electrical vehicle:-
Cost of Repair Time:- Cost of repair time is that cost which is incurred with the involvement of one or more technicians in the working of a system. Repair time includes various activities like preparation time, fault location time, fault correction time and final checkout time. Thus, the cost of repair time could be 8 to 10 hours at 50$ to 80$ (Mackie et al., 2010).
Cost of repair time: $60*$4 = $240
Labour cost:-The labour cost is that costs which is sum of all the wages that is paid to employee, workers, and technicians etc in regards to develop or modify any product or service. Likewise, electrical contractors are highly trained professionals that earn a good hourly rate for their services. An expected labour cost can be in between $500 to $ 800 for the modification project. The labour cost fluctuates as per the existing conditions of the electrical systems (Sheu, et al., 2012). In that case, an electrician requires to performing the extra work for making proper modification in the equipments. Then the cost of labour also gets increase.
Labour cost: $500*$4= $2000
Sub-contractor cost:- The sub-contractor are those party that are called for piece of work or delivery of specified goods or services. Therefore, the cost which is incurred of the sub-contractor to make some more special work related to modification (Rajabi & Dabiri, 2012). Sub-contractor cost could be $50
Cost of sub-contractor: $50*$4=$200
Cost of parts and material:- Costs of parts and material are those cost which can be easily identified with the unit of production. For instances, the costs of materials in the modification of electrical system includes the cost of circuit and cables and light bulbs that is used to develop the most effecting and reliable product. Therefore the cost of material for the system can be $300 to $500 (Abanda, et al., 2011). Total material cost is largely depending upon the type of panel purchased and any additional feature that include in the property will incurred the cost. In context to electrical system, the company need to install a new power supply and meter too adequately to modify new electrical needs. The material would be fittings, cables, circuit’s connectors and fasteners etc.
Cost of parts and material: $400*$4= $1600
Total job cost: total job cost including overheads and mark-up percentage in accordance’s with enterprise procedure
Total job cost: cost of repair time+ cost of direct labour+ cost of subcontractor’s work+ cost of parts & materials
= $240+$2000+$200+$1600= $4040
Total services cost:- The expenses that is occur with the performance of some valuable task by other person in that case, the cost incurred are referred as services cost. Therefore the services cost in the case of electrical system are mention below:-
Calculation of services cost:- Total job cost * 15% of services cost
Services cost = 15%
$4040*15% = $606
The services cost can be $606.
Potential quotation variations:- The quotation includes the group of work of the particular area in which price of each work is also given. The price is tailored made. It is also refereed as an amount at which the quoted investments are shown in accounts is normally their cost at the time of their acquisition. At the same time, variation consider as an alteration to the scope of works in a construction contract in the form of an addition, substitution or omission from the original scope of works (Huang 2011). Therefore, the company should take the potential quotation that is accordance’s to their price and the quotation should also include quality equipments which assist in the modification in the electrical vehicle. Thus, it is important to select the best suited potential quotation that does not have variations in the price.
This scenario presents the issues related to the failure in the delivered services by the workshop. From the case study, it is learned that Beverley who has done her car serving from the workshop yesterday was meet with an accident on the next day. Due to making the bad services of the vehicle, the Beverley vehicle got various types of damage and Beverley also saved with miner in this accident (Tie & Tan, 2013). Therefore, the issues that this study is reflecting is the lack of quality issue in which workshop owners fail to serve their best.
In order to resolve the issue related to the bad quality services of workshop related case. There is need making several judgements for reaching towards the root cause of the problem. Firstly, it is require understanding that it is a technical error or human error. It means that whether it is technical error form the workshop side or it is a mistake of the Beverley that she drives really fast and harshly (Sengupta, et al., 2011). Thus, the judgements of the court should include the analysis of the root cause so that the relevant and correct decision can be achieved.
There are four-five steps that include in the procedure to record the issues/ problems:-
- There is need to record the issue type such as is it quality issue, negligence issue or health& safety issue etc (Tawfik, et al., 2013).
- Record the identifier which means that record who discovered the issue.
- Then need to indicate the timing that the issue was identified.
- There is need to record the description of the issues in order reach towards the root cause of problem.
- Then determine that who is responsible for resolving the issues.
- Record the deadline date of resolving the issue.
- Status: keep recording the status of issues.
Thus, by adhering such procedures will help the individual to reach towards the solution in a quickly manner.
The actions that need to be taken by the workshop owner for arriving any solution in case he is fail to resolve the issues. For that, the workshop needs to converse with the Beverley & her husband. They try to negotiate them and reach towards some decision. Moreover, workshop owner should need to show their quality standards and procedure of maintaining their quality so that, Beverley could able to understand the issue (Hedrich et al., 2016). Both of them should work together towards the reaching on some solution. Thus, communication is the best studied solution for both the parties to arrive at the relevant decision.
There are five steps that need to consider while resolving the issue and achieve the corrective course of actions that are mention below:-
Step: 1 Identify the sources of conflict
Step: 2 Reach towards the root cause of problem
Step: 3 find the ways to resolve the problems
Step: 4 identify the best suited solution to the problem
Step: 5 Agreements between the parties.
Likewise by using such procedure, the workshop owners could easily attain relevant solution. This procedure provides the proper actions because it includes systematic process that appropriately solves all the problems without including any type of biasness. Thus, because of this reason, this resolution provide correct course of actions (Leary et al., 2015).
It is determined that all the issues are bought to the feedback logs. It is because workshop owners believed that feedback log is the best medium to provide the solution to customers as this system allows the customer to get the most relevant solution of their query/ complaints. The feedback log before reaching any answers before that the system analysis the root cause of the problem only then after they suggest any solution to customers (Wahl et al., 2014). At the same time, the feedback log is also reducing the chances of spreading negative image of company among the customer. Moreover, the feedback log also responds quickly towards the problem with accuracy.
Cost of modification time
Modification in the electrical vehicle consider as an improvements made into the existing product or in equipments in order to make the product more distinctive and more efficient enough. Thus, the cost which is incurred to make the product unique is considered as a modification cost. So, the cost of modification can be approx. $100 (Wahl, et al., 2014).
Cost of modification time: $100
Cost of direct labour
It is that cost that is incurred when the sum of wages or income is paid to the employees for his contribution in the modification of any work. Thus, at that time, the time that employee spend on modifying the engine of any vehicle. Such practices are considered as a cost. The cost of direct labour in terms to fit turbocharger in the car is approx.
Cost of direct labour: $700
Cost of contractor’s work
The contractor in the workshop are consider as a that person who has called to perform some special work in the repairmen of vehicle. The work could be related to the installing the different cables or circuits into the vehicle as such practices require a specialization or expertise people to do such work (Tawfik et al., 2013). Thus, in that case the cost that is occurred of the contractor is considered as a cost of sub-contractor.
Contractor cost in the vehicle repairmen are approx. $100
Cost of parts and materials
Cost of materials includes that cost which is incurred with the holding of parts to make a modification in the vehicle. It is also identified that the total cost is also depend upon the type of material company is holding. In this case, workshop raw materials include the wires, circuits, engines and turbochargers to bring the modification in an efficient manner. Therefore, the cost which is arising for purchasing such products is considered as cost of parts and materials.
Cost of materials: $500
Total job cost, including overheads and mark-up percentages in accordance’s with enterprise procedures
Total cost includes various types of cost that is incurred at the time of making any type of modification in the engine or in vehicle etc. the cost that includes are cost of modification time, cost of direct labour, cost of contractor work etc (Sengupta et al., 2011).
Total job cost= $100+$700+$100+$500= $1400
Total services cost:-
It is the cost that is incurred with the performances of special work by the individual so at that period, the time and money which is contributed by the people to modify particular system. These consider as a services cost. Basically costs that is associated with the services performances of the people are called as services cost (Tie & Tan, 2013).
Total services cost= total job cost * 20%
Potential quotation variations:-
The variations in the quotation are recognised in the form of price. Basically, the quotation is mainly used by the company to invite the investors to make investment in their project within the mention price. It is also determined that the quote is the last price on which any particular commodity or stock is traded or it is a price that is on agreed by both the parties that is buyers and sellers. There are two types that exist in the quotation is the bid or ask quotes (Tawfik et al., 2013). The bid or ask quotes are the most current prices and quantities at which the shares can be bought or sold. Therefore, for bringing any modification in the electrical or in vehicle, then there is needed to develop the quotation in order to invite the investors for making successfully modification by the company. At the same time, this practice also helps the company to deliver best to the customers and make them loyal towards their brand. So the potential quotations are those which attract large range of investors for making the modifications effectively.
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