Role of the public health professionals in order to protect and promote the health and well being of the people in the society
Society should always try to create and maintain the perfect conditions under which the members living in the community can stay healthy. The responsibility to maintain and improve the health of the public lies in all sectors of the society. The efforts of the society have been carried out with the help of different types of personal health care as well as the public health systems.
With the help of the activities of the private as well as the government health care providers and the institutions as well as the organizations, the personal health care systems can provide for the curative services like the treatment of the injuries and illnesses to the individuals having relatively less attention to the prevention.
The finance for the services generally comes from the out of the pocket payments of the patients and the private health insurance providers and the government as well (Griffiths, Jewell, & Donnelly, 2005). But, in order to enhance as well as maintain the public health, there is a need to have different types of preventive programs as well as the activities.
Generally, the public health system is focused on the prevention with the help of the population based health promotion such as the public health services and the interventions which are meant to protect the entire populations from the diseases, illnesses and injury related protection. The main aim of the paper is to analyze the role of the public health professionals in order to protect and promote the health and well being of the people in the society.
The primary providers of the government healthcare services are the government public health agencies and the public healthcare providers and agencies are mainly responsible for protecting and assessing and assuring the health and well being of the individuals and communities.
The agencies mainly develop the partnerships with the different private providers when required or they also coordinate the direct services for ensuring that there is proper access present to the appropriate health services present in the community (Mann, 2008).
The public health agencies have played this role particularly to reduce the toll from the injury, illness and environmental as well as other types of risks. The public health professionals also take a number of challenges to address the health care services for the most vulnerable people at risk and the public health professionals or agencies meet the obligations present in their communities in various ways.
One of the ways is though fostering the different types of policy guided community initiatives for promoting the health and improving the proper health conditions and another way is through the collection and monitoring of the information about the status of the health and occurrence of the diseases.
It can also be done through the direct provision present in the community or at home as well. They also try to promote the health and well being of the individuals present in the community with the help of the different types of campaigns in the communities and community education development (Sirkin, Iacopino, Grodin, & Danieli, 2009).
Another important role which is played by the public health professionals is regulating the sources of the risks and promotion of the health as well as the safety practices like by licensing the healthcare facilities or the food providers and also through the regulation of the air quality and water quality.
The public healthcare services are generally carried out by the government health as well as the environment protection agencies who are present in local level, state level and national level as well.
There are some non government organizations present and private individuals present too who also take part in order to provide the healthcare services to the individuals along with the public health professionals to ensure appropriate healthcare services to them and the government agencies provide all kind of necessary financial support to the non government services providers for the better healthcare services.
As the government functions as the representative of people and they also needed to be responsive to them the ultimate responsibility for the public healthcare system should definitely lie with the government agencies.
There are some nongovernment organizations present too who carry out a lot of healthcare activities, but the government agencies only derive their authority from the different communities and nations and that is the reason why they are accountable to the public (Licence, 2004). Although the public health agencies are cost conscious but in principle, they are not constrained by the motives of profit or nor by the agendas apart from the health of the public.
The interventions of the public health professionals are mainly focused on the health needs of the population of a specific community or a group as a whole. The personal healthcare providers also have very little incentive for considering the population based services although they can provide different types of individual preventive care for the individuals (Mereu et al, 2015).
Although there is increased attention present for the provision of the clinical preventive services which are managed by different healthcare organizations or others, the clinical preventive services might be of short range and they also provide immediate pay offs. Apart from that the populations might be at risk for the increased morbidity or the mortality might be least likely to get the clinical preventive services due to the some kind of financial as well as non financial barriers present.
The public health professionals assess the issues with the help of outreach, transportation, healthcare education, translation services as well as the culturally sensitive provision of the services. These are generally provided by the public healthcare providers (Jones, Armstrong, King & Pruce, 2004).
The personal health care services might help in healing the injuries and also alleviate the disorders and they can also treat many injuries too but the public healthcare awareness programs arranged by the public healthcare providers can help to prevent the onset and at the same time it also helps to restrict the spread of the diseases and also reduce the likelihood of the injury.
The public healthcare awareness programs arranged by the public healthcare providers are generally funded by very small amount of the healthcare expenditure. One thing which should be considered by the public health professionals in order to ensure the health and well being of the people is that the content of the activities should be altered in a regular manner in order to focus more on the different newer diseases and reduction of the injuries as well (Wise, 2001).
The activities within the healthcare system should also be integrated and coordinated properly so that a better job of integration and coordination can be found which can help in eliminating the diseases from the society.
From the paper it can be concluded that the primary providers of the government healthcare services are the government public health agencies and the public healthcare providers and agencies are mainly responsible for protecting and assessing and assuring the health and well being of the individuals and communities.
The agencies mainly develop the partnerships with the different private providers when required or they also coordinate the direct services for ensuring that there is proper access present to the appropriate health services present in the community. The public healthcare services are generally carried out by the government health as well as the environment protection agencies who are present in local level, state level and national level as well.
Griffiths, S., Jewell, T., & Donnelly, P. (2005). Public health in practice: the three domains of public health. Public health, 119(10), 907-913.
Mann, J. M. (2008). Medicine and public health, ethics and human rights. Hastings Center Report, 27(3), 6-13.
Sirkin, S., Iacopino, V., Grodin, M., & Danieli, Y. (2009). The role of health professionals in protecting and promoting human rights: a paradigm for professional responsibility. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights: fifty years and beyond, 357-66.
Licence, K. (2004). Promoting and protecting the health of children and young people. Child: care, health and development, 30(6), 623-635.
Mereu, A., Sotgiu, A., Buja, A., Casuccio, A., Cecconi, R., Fabiani, L., … & Contu, P. (2015). Professional competencies in health promotion and public health: what is common and what is specific? Review of the European debate and perspectives for professional development. Epidemiol Prev, 39(4 Suppl 1), 33-8.
Jones, C., Armstrong, M., King, M., & Pruce, D. (2004). How pharmacy can help public health. The Pharm J 2004; 272: 672, 674.
Wise, M. (2001). The role of advocacy in promoting health. Promotion & education, 8(2), 69-74.
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