Technology

The Importance Of the LoRaWan and Open IoT Technology For The Firm That Want To Launch A New App Of Free Parking Nearby.

 Executive Summary

The main aim of this report is to determine the importance of the LoRaWan and Open IoT technology for the firm that want to launch a new app of free parking nearby. At the same time, in this report, the compare and the contrast of the both technologies LoRaWan and Open IoT are also discussed for indentifying the better technology for the firm in the use of free parking app.

Introduction

The report focuses the two internets of things such as LoRaWAN and OpenIoT, which can be easily applied to an open IoT technology for the Sunshine Coast. In addition, the report discusses the internet of things solutions in a brief manner for developing in-depth understanding about the specific technological aspects. The similarities as well as comparison in the LoRaWAN and OpenIoT technology has been undertaken to evaluate the appropriateness for the Sunshine Coast Council.

LoRaWAN

The LoRa stands for Long Range, which is a modulation technique and is majorly based upon the spread spectrum method as well as Chirp Spread Spectrum (CSS). LoRa is a wireless technology and was developed by Cycleo SAS.

It helps in providing longer range in the system as compared with the other technologies available in the market. In addition, LoRaWAN is a media access control (MAC) protocol, which is highly used for establishing wide area network. It has been designed for facilitating low powered devices and to communicate with the electronic appliance connected with internet (Bankov et al., 2016).

The long range wireless connection is supported with the LoRaWAN and is easily mapped with the different layers of OSI model. LoRaWAN is used by industrial, scientific as well as medical radio bands for making the process effective in the dynamic business environment.

At the same time, the protocols of LoRaWAN are introduced by LoRa Alliance, which is a non-profit group of peoples working for regulating the LoRa in wide area networks to standardize the protocol (Marcelis et al., 2017).

The needs, which are satisfied by the LoRaWAN are associated with the Internet of things (IoT) such as mobility, bi-directional communication as well as facilitates in providing local services for achieving the targets on time.

(Source: Narayan, 2015)

In the above diagram, the working of LoRaWAN has been represented. In LoRaWAN the Gateways plays an active role in connecting the bridge for transferring the message among the end devices and a central networking server available in the backend. There are three distinct security keys present in the LoRaWAN, which helps in securing the process.

In other words, there is a unique networking key for guarantee the security on the network level. The unique application key is also available in the system for ensuring end to end security transactions. In addition, specific device keys are available for the security concern and making the process effective for the potential users.

OpenIoT

OpenIoT stands for The Open Source Internet of Things, which is an infrastructure that helps in doing effective configuration and organizing different algorithms. It is software, which is very easy to use because it helps in connecting all the sensors for making the natural extension program (Soldatos et al., 2015). The natural extension is done to execute cloud computing for smoothly accessibility of additional requirements.

The Internet of Things (IoT) problems are easily solved and facilities to access the resources and various capabilities based on IoT in an effective manner for making the software useful for the people. In addition, OpenIoT ascertain effective research for providing measures to manage the environment such as IoT resources in a significant manner.

It is done for delivering on demand utility services including sensing services in concerned with IoT. On the other hand, OpenIoT is applicable for accomplishing wide range of scientific and technological aspects (Lee, 2014).

There is an optimization of resources in the OpenIoT software with the help of middleware and cloud computing infrastructure. It also assists in streaming the data related to different sensor and visualizing IoT data on the basis of charts, graphs, maps etc.

LoRaWan and Open IoT

These are the best and useful techniques that are used by the firms to make a better app and to better use of the internet. At the same time, there are different uses of both technologies but the major use of both technologies is in the electronics, software, sensors, actuators, and network connectivity.

It is because it makes easy for the firm to have the better use of different network connectivity base software and the applications. In like manner, both technologies provide significantly longer range than the competing technologies that male easy the firm to better access on the given software and the technology. Bothe technologies are wireless technology and developed by Cycleo SAS ().

As well as, there are different ranges to use the both technologies because LoRaWAN Gateway covers more than 10 Km in low price and effective manner and it is same as the open IoT as t can also be stated that both technologies cover the WAN (wide area network).

It is because the open IoT is also used by the firms to manage the sensors, actuators, and network connectivity in order to better exahcnge the data and to have a good connectivity control on the different applications (Stoces et al., 2016).

As, in the given case, firm wants to launch the app that can be better for the people to find out the nearest free park. Because of this, the use of LoRaWan and Open IoT both technologies will be the better option for the firm. It will provide the better result in nearby areas such as within 10 km area and will also be helpful for the firm to overcome the issues of debugging and the low internet connectivity.

Due to this, it can be determined that the use of both technologies like LoRaWan and Open IoT will be better to the firm for its free parking app.

In the same concern of this, in the research of Petajajarvi et al, (2017), it is also determined that the one of the most common things between the LoRaWan and Open IoT is that it allows the third party or the objects to have the remotely access across existing network infrastructure. It makes easy the firm to provide the better service for the customers without any hurdle and the issues.

Although, there are different similarities in the use of LoRaWan and Open IoT technology but at the same time, there are also various differences in the use of both LoRaWan and Open IoT technologies (Summers, & Smith, 2014). In this, the use of spread spectrum technology in LoRaWan is one of the major examples of this.

It s because spread spectrum is used only in the LoRaWan technology, while in open IoT technology, it is not used that is why it is also one of the dissimilarities in the use of LoRaWan and Open IoT technology. In like manner, in the use of IoT (internet of things),

there are also high possibilities to use the physical layer but it is not possible to use in LoRaWAN.  As well as, in the LoRaWAN, the unlicensed spectrum used but in the IoT, it is not used in the Open IoT. The LoRaWAN is also used by the non-mobile operator customers (Centenaro et al., 2016).

Additionally, on the basis of power utilization and the storage, the LoRaWAN technology is much better as compared to the Open IoT. It is because in the use of LoRaWAN technology, there is no need for the firms and the users to provide high power ad compared to the Open IoT. Likewise,

on the basis of cost, it can be determined that the cost of using the LoRaWAN technology is quite low as compared to the Open IoT. It is because in this, there is no need to use the higher power consumption and the innovative features that makes the cause of low cost of this technology with the comparison of Open IoT (Stoces et al., 2016).

In addition, as per the security and the privacy issue, the LoRaWAN technology is much better because in this technology, there is low chance to hack the network and as it supports the large network so, it is not possible for the individual to track the data connectivity.

On the basis of openness and easy to use, both technologies LoRaWAN and the Open IoT is better. It is because both are user friendly and the process of using these technologies is also too simple. Because of this, both technologies are too easy to do work.

At the same time, on the basis of data ownership and the accessibility, the LoRaWAN is quiet better but the open IoT is also too useful and effective but as compared to the LoRaWAN, open IoT is not much better (Kim, & Jung, 2017).

Conclusion

From the above discussion, it can be summarized that technological solutions such as LoRaWAN and OpenIoT will be an appropriate application for executing the smart parking. These technology can easily sense when parks are available and can provide significant route to the user towards the nearest free park.

The effectiveness of these technologies is also evaluated with the help of security and privacy concern and will help in maintaining the effectiveness in the software. On the other hand, the brief discussion based on similarities and dissimilarities will help in undertaking the advantage and limitations of the software in a critical manner

References

Bankov, D., Khorov, E. and Lyakhov, A. (2016). On the Limits of LoRaWAN Channel Access. In Engineering and Telecommunication (EnT), 2016 International Conference on (pp. 10-14). IEEE.

Centenaro, M., Vangelista, L., Zanella, A., & Zorzi, M. (2016). Long-range communications in unlicensed bands: The rising stars in the IoT and smart city scenarios. IEEE Wireless Communications23(5), 60-67.

Kim, D. Y., & Jung, M. (2017). Data transmission and network architecture in long range low power sensor networks for IoT. Wireless Personal Communications93(1), 119-129.

Lee, B. M. (2014). Design requirements for IoT healthcare model using an Open IoT platform. Computer4, 5.

Marcelis, P. J., Rao, V. and Prasad, R. V. (2017). DaRe: Data Recovery through Application Layer Coding for LoRaWAN. In Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Internet-of-Things Design and Implementation (pp. 97-108). ACM.

Narayan, R. (2015) Retrieved from: http://www.iotleague.com/lorawan-low-power-wide-area-network/

Petajajarvi, J., Mikhaylov, K., Yasmin, R., Hämäläinen, M., & Iinatti, J. (2017). Evaluation of LoRa LPWAN technology for indoor remote health and wellbeing monitoring. International Journal of Wireless Information Networks24(2), 153-165.

Soldatos, J., Kefalakis, N., Hauswirth, M., Serrano, M., Calbimonte, J. P., Riahi, M. and Skorin-Kapov, L. (2015). Openiot: Open source internet-of-things in the cloud. In Interoperability and open-source solutions for the internet of things (pp. 13-25). USA: Springer International Publishing.

Stoces, M., Vanek, J., Masner, J., & Pavlík, J. (2016). Internet of Things (IoT) in Agriculture-Selected Aspects. AGRIS on-line Papers in Economics and Informatics8(1), 83.

Stoces, M., Vanek, J., Masner, J., & Pavlík, J. (2016). Internet of Things (IoT) in Agriculture-Selected Aspects. AGRIS on-line Papers in Economics and Informatics8(1), 83.

Summers, J., & Smith, B. (2014). Communication skills handbook. USA: John Wiley & Sons Australia, Ltd..

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