7LFS1035 Waste Pollution Management Assignment Sample
Waste is generated from different types debris such as trash from household, school, office, market place, restaurant, and other places. The non-used trash or garbage is known as waste product. Waste are produced from different activity such as household activity, agriculture activity, industrial activity, hospital and educational activity. Waste products are harmful for human as well as it has a negative impact on the environment. From different industry waste products are produced and effects on the environment such as most of the food industry use land for the filling be waste materials. Landfill by waste materials causes soil pollution that impacts on the quality of the soil and increases the environment pollution. Waste materials increases the environment pollution, air pollution, land pollution, and water pollution. During the production process waste materials are produced. Food industry has an impact on environment pollution. By 2050, the world is expected
to increase waste generation by 70 percent, from 2.01 billion tonnes of waste in 2016 to 3.40
billion tonnes of waste annually (Kazaet al., 2018).
Food industry has a significant role to increase the environment pollution. During the production of food, increases the carbon level. Emission of carbon impacts on the environment such as increases the level greenhouse gas that effects on the climate change and environment. Most of the food industry use plastics for packaging and as a result, land is filled by the waste materials and increases the soil pollution. The quality and health of soil is reduced by landfill of waste product. Use of plastic is harmful for environment as well as increase the landfill by waste product. Food wastes, paper, cardboard, plastics, textiles, leather, yard wastes, wood, glass, metals, ashes, special wastes (e.g., bulky items, consumer electronics)increases the environment pollution. During the production of food increases the level of carbon and packaging system increases the landfill that increases the soil pollution. So, there is the great chance of pollution by food industry (Ilankoonet al., 2018).
Source:There are different sources of waste such as industrial waste, commercial waste, domestic waste, and agriculture waste.
Industrial waste: From the different manufacture and industries waste materials are produced such as food industry, and other manufacture produces waste material. From the food industry carbon and other waste materials are produced.
Commercial waste: Commercial industry such as collage, school, shop, office produces different types of waste materials. These waste materials are plastic, and other waste materials are produced by commercial industry.
Domestic waste: In the domestic industry different types of waste materials are produced such as carbon level is increased. The domestic waste increases the air pollution, water pollution, and landfilled by the domestic waste. The example of domestic waste is that carbon, paper, wood, plastic, and other waste materials. Different types of organic and inorganic materials are produced as domestic waste (Schaneset al., 2018).
Agriculture waste: In the agriculture industry different types of artificial fertilizers are used that reduces the health of soil as well as increase the soil pollution. In most of the case, biofertilizers are used for agriculture industry that helps to keep the health of soil.
Waste materials are classified into five categories such as liquid waste, solid waste, organic waste, recyclable waste, and Hazardous waste.
Liquid waste:Industry, manufacture, domestic industry and other industries produces different types of liquid waste such as grease, oil, sludges, wash water, waste detergents and dirty water are produces that increases water pollution. These waste materials are hazardous and poisonous for environment as well as animals are affected by liquid waste materials.
Solid waste: Industries use different types of materials for packaging and other purpose. All of the solid waste materials increases soil pollution. There are different types of solid waste such as, glass and ceramic, plastic waste, paper waste, metal and tin waste (Kumarand Samadder, 2017).
Glass and ceramic: The domestic industry dispose glass and ceramic regularly. Most of the recycled company use glass and ceramic for recycle to keep the environment free from pollution.
Plastic waste: Most of the industry and food industry use plastic for packaging and other activity. Container, jar, bottle is made of by plastic and plastic is non-recycled materials so, it is not possible to recycle the plastic material that increases the environment pollution (Thiounn and Smith, 2020).
Paper waste: Industries use paper, cardboard and other paper materials for packaging. So, it produces solid waste and increases environment pollution.
Metal and tin: In the food industry and household, containers are made with metals or tin. After the use of the product it increases landfill that increase the environment pollution. Most of the metal are not recycled so, it has a chance to increase environment pollution.
Organic waste: Organic waste is referred by rotten meat, vegetable, and food waste. Organic waste is produced in the house as most of the products are stored in the garbage. So, care should be taken to dispose of the waste as methane is produced from the organic waste.
Recyclable waste: Industry produces different types of waste and most of the waste is not recyclable. But some of wastes are recycled such as metal, organic waste, paper, and furniture. Some of industries engaged to recycle the waste materials to keep the environment free from pollution.
Hazardous waste: Hazardous waste is included with flammable, corrosive, toxic and reactive materials. In the hospital and other industry produces different hazardous waste that is harmful for the life (Jouharaet al., 2018).
Fig: classification of waste
(Source: DTM Skips Date: September 17, 2019)
To control the waste materials, the authority of the state applies different type of rules and regulations to industry and institution. All of the institution take permission for the biological waste from the state authority and the institution should follow the rules a regulation to reduce the pollution. Section 34 of The Environmental Protection Act 1990 imposes a duty of care on persons concerned with handling waste. According to the duty of care, all of the people should take care regarding the use of product and dispose the waste as it can reduce the environment pollution. Duty of care effects on everyone who produces, imports, carries, keeps, treats or disposes of controlled waste or broker who control the waste material.
Recommendation on waste disposal:
Waste are produced during the manufacture of different product as well as in the household industry different types of recyclable and non-recyclable waste materials are produced. There are some processes to dispose of the waste materials such as
Process to remove liquid waste: Sorting container is used for the liquid dispose. Liquid waste is produced in our surroundings so, containers helps to sort the waste liquid and prevent from dumped into the environment. Another option is that treatment for the liquid waste. In UK, liquid waste is recycled and converted to the biofertilizers that helps to increase the quality of soil.
Process to remove solid waste: The treatment of landfill process helps to remove the solid waste. As well as the recycling process is required to remove the solid waste.
Recycling process: Some of the industries follow the recycling process to remove the waste from the environment. Different types of metal, paper and other materials are used for recycling process. By the process, reduce the waste material to also reduce the level of carbon that keep the environment free from pollution (Piresand Martinho, 2019).
Incineration and Destruction: The process of incineration reduces the amount of hazardous waste and generate the energy that can be used in the future. So, renewable energy and recycling energy is produced by the process of incineration and destruction.
Pyrolysis is used for high temperature that reduces the waste materials from the environment.
Long term plan:
The government and management of the industry follow long term plan to reduce the waste materials that helps to keep the environment free from pollution. Different factors should be followed all such as
Reusable product:The manufacturer should produce the reusable product such as reusable bottle, carry bag, and groceries bag. So, the products are not wasted and the environment will be free from pollution. There are different types of reusable products such as bottle, bag, containers and many more.
Compost: Most of the organic waste should be taken for compost. The compost materials are produced by the aerobic process and compost product increase the quality of soil. Biofertilizers are produced by the process of compost (Ferronatoand Torretta, 2019).
Remove the use of plastic: All of people should buy from the local market to avoid the packaging process as plastic is non-recyclable material and hazardous for the environment.
Donate food and dress: people should donate the extra food to the poor society and donate additional dress to reduce the waste and keep the environment free from pollution.
Ferronato, N. and Torretta, V., 2019. Waste mismanagement in developing countries: A review of global issues. International journal of environmental research and public health, 16(6), p.1060.
Ilankoon, I.M.S.K., Ghorbani, Y., Chong, M.N., Herath, G., Moyo, T. and Petersen, J., 2018. E-waste in the international context–A review of trade flows, regulations, hazards, waste management strategies and technologies for value recovery. Waste Management, 82, pp.258-275.
Jouhara, H., Khordehgah, N., Almahmoud, S., Delpech, B., Chauhan, A. and Tassou, S.A., 2018. Waste heat recovery technologies and applications. Thermal Science and Engineering Progress, 6, pp.268-289.
Kaza, S., Yao, L., Bhada-Tata, P. and Van Woerden, F., 2018. What a waste 2.0: a global snapshot of solid waste management to 2050. World Bank Publications.
Kumar, A. and Samadder, S.R., 2017. A review on technological options of waste to energy for effective management of municipal solid waste. Waste Management, 69, pp.407-422.
Pires, A. and Martinho, G., 2019. Waste hierarchy index for circular economy in waste management. Waste Management, 95, pp.298-305.
Schanes, K., Dobernig, K. and Gözet, B., 2018. Food waste matters-A systematic review of household food waste practices and their policy implications. Journal of cleaner production, 182, pp.978-991.
Thiounn, T. and Smith, R.C., 2020. Advances and approaches for chemical recycling of plastic waste. Journal of Polymer Science, 58(10), pp.1347-1364.
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