WIRELESS

ADVANCED WIRELESS COMMUNICATION

Abstract

The main aim of this research study is to determine the different ways of the wireless technology such as radio, Satellite Communciaiton, Wi-Fi Communication, Mobile Communication Systems. This research study is also aimed to find out the advance wireless communication for establishing a good communication. In this, a critical discussion is developed on the advance wireless communication for establishing a good communication.  From the discussion, it is found that there are different wireless communication technologies such as satellite, wireless networking, Wi-Fi, etc that are used for the effective wireless communication. At the same time, it is also found that the current environment is very completive that is why people need to rapid communication. In this, the wireless communication technology allows make fast and better commendation. At the same time, the primary research finding determines that in the current time, a rapid use of the wireless communication is seen. There is also a vital role of advance wireless communication mobile communication. Furthermore, it is also found that there are different issues that are also faced by the firms in the use of advance wireless communication in the context of the scam, high energy consumption. At the same time, it is also found that wireless technologies provide various advantages in the context of low installation, rapid deployment, mobility, low cost, etc.

 Graphical Abstract

I Introduction

Significance of the Research

Nowadays, in the success of the firm and the individuals, there is a vital role of the technology development. It is because the development of the technology makes easy the firms and the individuals as well to handle all operations and strategies. Because of this, technology advancement is considered as a crucial factor in the success of the firm. In the meanwhile, technology a.lso makes easy the communication process because there are different devices that are available in the market and through this it is easy for the firms and the individuals to have an effective communication and to perform well.  In like manner, there are different wireless communication technologies such as satellite, wireless networking, Wi-Fi, etc that are used for the effective wireless communication.

In addition, due to increasing use of the internet and the wireless communication devices, there are different changes that are also done in the wireless communication to make it more advances. The advance wireless communication will be helpful for the firms and the individuals for handle the work and operations in less time and the cost. So, this research will explore the advantage of using the advance wireless communication. This research will also explore the ways that can be used in the wireless communication. Some issues and the challenges will also be identifies in this research that can be occurred in the use of advance wireless communication.

Originality of this research approach

Due to increasing use of the internet and the use of advance wireless communication, this research topic is quite useful. It will explore the different ways of the advance wireless communication for establishing a good communication.

Literature Review

From the research of Amraoui et al., (2012), it can be determined that there is an increasing demand of the advance wireless communication but it also create the spectrum challenge. So, in this concern, the author states that the use of cognitive radio (CR) is quite better for better assessment of the spectrum. It is very helpful technology of the wireless communication that are used to detect that which communication channels are in use and which are not.  At the same time, they further stated that Multi Agent Systems is also an effect way that is used to overcome the issue of spectrum allocation for better management of the wireless communication.  In the research of Amraoui et al., (2012), secondary data is used by the researcher and MAS in the CR are studied.

Amraoui, A., Benmammar, B., Krief, F., & Bendimerad, F. T. (2012). Intelligent wireless communication system using cognitive radio. International Journal of Distributed and Parallel Systems3(2), 91.

Apart from this, from the research of Phogat et al., (2014), it is illustrated that due to increasing level of the competition and the quick need of the communication, wireless communications is quite needed. It helps to convey the information in lees time and in an effective manner. At the same time, in this article, it is also stated that there are different models of the wireless communication such as radio communication, microwave communication, Wi-Fi technology, etc that make easy the process of communication.  In like manner, from the research of Phogat et al., (2014), it is also determined that there are different applications of wireless technologies including mobile telephones, wireless data communications, wireless medical technologies, computer interface designs, etc that assist to develop  a good communication platform. This article of Phogat et al., (2014) also define the different advantage and the disadvantage of advance wireless communication that make clear the understanding of the using the advance wireless communication. This articles used the secondary research and the in this, detail information about the use of advance wireless communication are provided.

Phogat, Monika . and Anand , A. (2014). An Introduction to Wireless Communication, Iternational Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology, 12 (1), 2014.

From the research findings of Yuan et al. (2010), it is determined that for the international firm, there is an important role of the wireless communication because the proper communication helps the firm to get the success in the market and to development god base of the customers. The reason in this is that through wireless communication, it is easy for the firm to transmit the information from one source to other resources. This articles also states that in the wireless communication, there are various electromagnetic waves such as satellite, RF, etc that make easy for the firms to have the effective and useful communication. This article also shows the technical issues that are as faced by the firms and the individuals during the use of wireless communication. In this article, the secondary data is used by the researcher to presents the overview of CA technology for supporting high rate of data communications in future IMT-Advanced mobile systems.

Yuan, G., Zhang, X., Wang, W. and Yang, Y., (2010). Carrier aggregation for LTE-advanced mobile communication systems. IEEE Communications Magazine48(2).

From the research findings of Wang et al., (2014), it is determined that there is continues improvement in the use of wireless communication. It is because from the beginning, it was the use of 2G, 3G, and 4G but the increasing demand of the wireless communication, the need of advance wireless communication is also generated the need of 5G wireless communication. This research paper also describes that although the use of advance wireless communication is quite effective for the firms and the individuals also but it also makes the cause of different issues in the spectrum like scam, high energy consumption, etc. This research paper also describes that the increasing need of the wireless communication will also make the cause of 15G wireless communication system cognitive radio networks, visible light communications, etc in future. This research uses the secondary research for developing the information about the advance wireless communication and in this, different wireless communication techniques are also descried.

Wang, C.X., Haider, F., Gao, X., You, X.H., Yang, Y., Yuan, D., Aggoune, H., Haas, H., Fletcher, S. and Hepsaydir, E., (2014). Cellular architecture and key technologies for 5G wireless communication networks. IEEE Communications Magazine52(2), pp.122-130.

In the research of Parikh et al., (2010), it is determined that there are different wireless communication technologies for the smart grid applications that are used by the different firm in different level. Nowadays, there is also high demand of the wireless communication technologies and in different areas like wide area, metropolitan area, local area, and personal area networks. This research paper also describes that there are various advantages of the wireless technologies like low installation, rapid deployment, mobility, cost, etc. This paper also represents various smart grid applications for successful achieving the wireless communication technologies. At the same time, in this research paper, Parikh et al., (2010), used the secondary data and in this, they presented the different wireless technology along with their data rate, coverage, and the potential smart grid applications.

Parikh, P. P., Kanabar, M. G., & Sidhu, T. S. (2010, July). Opportunities and challenges of wireless communication technologies for smart grid applications. In Power and Energy Society General Meeting, 2010 IEEE (pp. 1-7). IEEE.       

In the research of Cheng et al., (2012), it is determined that continuous innovation in the wireless communication makes easy the life of the human and in the advance wireless communication, the  use of LTE is one of the major examples of this. This research paper also describes the overload control approach that is quite effective to manage the traffic in the devices that are operated due to the MTV devices. In this research paper, the problem of RACH overload is also determined along with this, RAN-level contention resolution methods and the core network (CN) are also discussed in this paper.  The research of Cheng et al., (2012) used the secondary research and in this, researcher measured the different parameters of MTC devices with their requirement setting. So, finally, it can be determined that this research is quite helpful and effective to get the clear and in-depth information about the MTV devices, RACH, etc.              

Cheng, M. Y., Lin, G. Y., Wei, H. Y., & Hsu, A. C. C. (2012). Overload control for machine-type-communications in LTE-advanced system. IEEE Communications Magazine50(6).

In the research findings of Farid et al., (2013), it is illustrated that LTE within the 3GPP is one of the major invention in the advance wireless communication. In this research, researcher also describes the MIMO antenna techniques that are used in the uplink and the downlink for increasing the data throughput.  Apart from this, in this research, researcher also used the secondary data collection methods for the data collection and in they collect the data related to the use of LTE and 3GPP as well as some environment aspects like macro and micro for better understanding of LTE.

Bhat, P., Nagata, S., Campoy, L., Berberana, I., Derham, T., Liu, G., … & Yang, J. (2012). LTE-advanced: an operator perspective. IEEE Communications Magazine50(2).

In this article, researcher stated that advance wireless communication created a new invention in the history of the technology advancement. In the same concern of this, this researcher paper also describes the location based services and some related techniques. Along with this, in this research paper, performance metrics is also discussed and with this, location detection techniques and location algorithms like triangulation, proximity detection, time based methods, etc are also discussed in this paper. In this paper, researcher used the secondary methods of the data collection for collecting the data to present the data findings. This research is effective because of getting the detail understanding of different location detection techniques that is quote relevant to the research topic.

Farid, Z., Nordin, R., & Ismail, M. (2013). Recent advances in wireless indoor localization techniques and system. Journal of Computer Networks and Communications2013.          

In the research findings of Kim et al., (2013), it is determined that the use of advance wireless system is not only for the firms but it is also helpful for the students as well. Because of this, due to increasing level of education standard, there is a need of the advance wireless communication. In this research, researcher used the primary data collections method and in this, primary data is collected by targeting the student and in this, different question related to the tools and the technologies for wireless communication are asked. In addition, this research is quite helpful for getting the real and exact view of the students about the use of advance wireless communication.

Kim, D., Rueckert, D., Kim, D. J., & Seo, D. (2013). Students’ perceptions and experiences of mobile learning.  

From the research findings of Yang et al., (2015), it is illustrated that due to increasing use of the wireless communication and the tools of the wireless communication, there are also different changes in the technology that are also happened. In this, the development of 5th generation is also one of the major inventions in the wireless communication. Additionally, this research paper also discusses the physical layer security in heterogeneous networks along with physical layer security in millimeter wave communication. In like manner, in this research, researcher used the secondary data only and in this, it presents the findings of secure mmwave downlink transmission with AN as well as researcher also presents the secrecy outage probability of downlink with MRT and ZF pre-coding techniques at the BS. This research is helpful to get the detail understanding about the wave communication and the different transmissions.

Yang, N., Wang, L., Geraci, G., Elkashlan, M., Yuan, J., & Di Renzo, M. (2015). Safeguarding 5G wireless communication networks using physical layer security. IEEE Communications Magazine53(4), 20-27.

From the research findings of Yu et al., (2011), it is illustrated that although the wireless communication is one of the major way that is used by the firm for increasing the communication but at the same time, in this, device and device communication is quite better and in the trend. This article also describes the optimum resources allocation and power control between the cellular and D2D connections that are used to share the same resources and to analyze for different resources sharing modes. In like manner, this research paper discusses the secondary data related to the resource sharing modes and different system models, etc.

Yu, C. H., Doppler, K., Ribeiro, C. B., & Tirkkonen, O. (2011). Resource sharing optimization for device-to-device communication underlaying cellular networks. IEEE Transactions on Wireless communications10(8), 2752-2763.

In the research of Lei et al., (2012), it is determined that there is a direct communication between LTE cellular advanced and the user requirement. There are different communications technologies related to the devices such WiFi-direct, Bluetooth, etc that provide a better user experience regarding the better wireless communication. At the same time, this research paper also describes the D2D controlled mode, peer to peer, etc. In this research, secondary data collection method is used by the researcher regarding the use of Device-to-device (D2D) communications. This research is quite helpful to get the information about the wireless communication and device and device communication.

Lei, L., Zhong, Z., Lin, C., & Shen, X. (2012). Operator controlled device-to-device communications in LTE-advanced networks. IEEE Wireless Communications19(3).

Research Gap

There are different articles that are discussed but at the same time, in these all articles, there are different limitations and in this, use of secondary data is one of the major limitations. It is because in most of the articles, secondary source of the data collection is used by the researcher that is not quite appropriate for this researcher to get the clear and detail understanding about the use of advance wireless communication.

Aim of the Research

The main aim of this research is to identify the importance of advance wireless communication. Along with this, this research also explores the issues and the challenges that are faced by the firms and the individuals at the time of using the advance wireless communication.

II Materials and Methods

Data Collection method

The data collection is very important for a research to provide different kind of information which are necessary for effectively conduct the research. Basically, there are two types of data collection methods that can be used by a researcher to collect the data, which are primary and secondary data collection methods (Weigold et al., 2013). In the primary data collection method, the data are collected first time by the use of different ways such as survey, observation, experiments, etc. On the other hand, in the secondary data collection method, all the data are collected from other sources, for example- Past findings, Websites, Newspaper, articles, magazines, etc. Both the data collection methods are used to collect appropriate information about the research topic.

In this study, the researcher has used primary data collection method to collect research data effectively. For this, the researcher has use survey through questionnaire method for primary data collection (Palinkas et al., 2015). It is because the researcher needs to collect fresh data from the participants to analyze the use of advanced wireless communication. In this survey, the researcher has selected the employees of 30 different companies who provide advanced types of equipment for wireless communication. With the use of this survey, the researcher has identified the views, opinions, and suggestions of the different employees about the different advance technical wireless types of equipment. The participants will provide in-deep understanding about the research topic to collect different kinds of information by the questionnaire. The collection of data with the primary data collection method is cost effective for the researcher because the respondent can provide their feedback through answering the questions only.

The survey is a very important tool to collect the information of a large number of people in short time period by the use of social media survey, email survey, mobile survey, and telephonic survey (Zikmund et al., 2013). The survey method is an appropriate way to provide accurate and liable information about the research topic. It is because the survey provides the question to the audience where they can provide answer according to the personal thoughts. Additionally, the researcher has the different way to conduct the survey to get accountable information about the research topic. According to the current scenario, the online survey method is the most popular method for gathering the research data. It is because it is less costly and less time to consume for the researcher.

Data Inclusion Criteria

This study focuses on 40 managers of the different firms that provide the advance wireless communication tools for the firms and the individuals as well. In this, different variables including the benefits of wireless communications are evaluated by collecting this data.

Data analysis

The analysis of the data is an essential part of the research to evaluate the collected information from the different sources. The data analysis is a process, in which collected data are evaluated by the use analytical and logical reasoning (Miles et al., 2013). The data analysis is very helpful for a researcher to provide a proper structure to the collected data and analysis the problem by dividing the data into different parts. It also converts the big data in small format by providing effective structure. It also provides the proper conclusion to the data that are collected from different sources. The data analysis process can be done by the use of different methods in order to achieve the research objective in an effective manner like factor analysis, content analysis, statistical analysis, conversational analysis, and cluster analysis (Johnston, 2017). Use of data analysis method is based on the requirement of the study and issues of the research.

On the basis of this study, the cluster analysis is an appropriate method for analyzing the data by the researcher. In this analysis, the objectives of the research are classified into the different group and evaluated that how a group is similar or different with others. It is an exploratory analysis that is helpful for the researcher to provide structure to the data. At the same time, With the use of this statistical method, it can be analyzed that the advanced wireless communication system is used for the current business organizations or not (Fram, 2013). This method is helpful to provide the proper presentation of the collected data and also helps the research to define issues and problems in order to achieve objectives. At the same time, the quantitative data are presented in the table and graph by the use of MS-Excel software.

III Results

Do you agree on that, there is an increasing use of the wireless communication?

Figure 1 Use of wireless communication

Do you consider that in advance wireless communication; there is a vital role of the mobile communication tools?

Figure 2: Use of mobile communication tools

In your views, there are different issues that are also faced by the firms in the use of advance wireless communication?

Figure 3: Issue faced in wireless communication

Do you agree that the use of the wireless communication leads to the different issues in the spectrum like scam, high energy consumption, etc. 

Figure 4: Use of the wireless communication leads to the different issues

How much you are agreed that wireless technologies provides various advantages in the context of low installation, rapid deployment, mobility, cost, etc?

Wireless technologies provides various advantages
Strongly AgreeAgreeNeutralDisagreeStrongly disagree
917257

Figure 5: wireless technologies provides various advantages

Do you think that advance wireless system is helpful for the education system and other areas?

Figure 6: Advance wireless system is helpful for the education system

IV Discussion

From the above analysis, it can be interpreted that there in the business environment, the use wireless technology is increasing rapidly. It is because 65% participants out of the 40 participates provided their views in the positive manner. On the other hand, 35% participants are not agreed with this statement. They believe that the use of wireless communication is not increasing. But, on the basis of the majority, it can be determined that wireless communication technology has developed at the great extent. The use of wireless technology can be seen at the each field. The above interpretation can be supportive by the views of Phogat et al., (2014) determined that the current market is very completive. Due to this, people need the quick communication. Therefore, the wireless technology enables the people and organisation to communication in minimum time. This thing is leading the rapid use of the communication.

Furthermore, it is determined that concept of the advance wireless communication plays the significant role in mobile communication tools. In the regard of this, it is found that 30 participants were agreed and strongly agreed out of the 40 participants. These participants believe that in the growth of the mobile phone, there is a significant role of the wireless communication technology. In the supportive of this, the literature finding of Yuan et al. (2010) represents that the mobile phone technology has improved at the unexpected level. It was not possible without the growth wireless technology. The mobile phone technology is fully based on the wireless technology. With the help of the wireless technology, the users can transfer the significant information from mobile phone one place to another place.

At the same time, it is also found that a firm faces the different kind of issues when it uses the advance wireless communication system or technology. It is because in the survey, it is found that 18 participants were strongly agreed and 8 participants were agreed that are different issues that are also faced by the firms in the use of advance wireless communication. The above interpretation can be supported by the findings of Kim et al., (2013) where, it is determined that a firm has to face the different kinds of the operation issues when it focuses on the wireless communication technology. In this, technology and error in the process are main issues that have to face by the firms. Moreover, in the research survey, it is found that the wireless communication leads to the different issues in the context of like scam, high energy consumption. The survey results shows that 27 participants are agreed and strongly agreed that their views represents that that the use of the wireless communication leads to the different issues in the spectrum like scam, high energy consumption, etc. It means that the use of the wireless communication by the companies leads to the various kind of challenges that are known as the scam, high energy consumption, etc.

The views of Lei et al., (2012) support the above interpretation. In this, is found that although the use of advance wireless communication is quite effective for the firms and the individuals also but it also makes the cause of different issues in the spectrum like scam, high energy consumption, etc. In this, it is also found that the rapidly increasing the needs of the wireless communication technology also become the case of 15G wireless technology that is really is a great example of the innovation and development.

In the survey, the researcher also asked by the participants that how much you are agreed that wireless technologies provides various advantages in the context of low installation, rapid deployment, mobility, cost, etc. In the reference of this, different participants provided the different views. In this, 26 participants out of the 40 participants were provided positive response as the wireless technologies provides various advantages in the context of low installation, rapid deployment, mobility, cost, etc. They participants understand that people and companies that use the wireless technology get the benefit of various aspects such as low installation, rapid deployment, mobility, cost, etc. This finding of the survey can be supported by the views of Parikh et al., (2010) that posited in their research that there is also high demand of the wireless communication technologies and in different areas like wide area, metropolitan area, local area, and personal area networks. This research paper also describes that there are various advantages of the wireless technologies like low installation, rapid deployment, mobility, cost, etc.

Along with this, in the survey, it is also asked by the participants that do you think that advance wireless system is helpful for the education system and other areas. In the reference of this question, it is also determined that 24 participants out of the 40 participants were replied that advance wireless system is helpful for the education system and other areas. In support of this, Kim et al., (2013) determined that the use of advance wireless system is not only for the firms but it is also helpful for the students as well other areas. Because of this, due to increasing level of education standard, there is a need of the advance wireless communication.

V Conclusion

From the above dissuasion, it can be concluded that the warless technology is rapidly increasing in the current business environment. In this, most of the participant beliefs that the use of wireless communication is increased with higher level at each field. On the other hand, it can also be concluded that the current technological market need quick work in the communication system. For this, the wireless communication provides best communication system to communicate with the people in less time period. It can also be concluded that the wireless communication is very necessary in the mobile communication system. For this, the majority of participants beliefs that mobile phone played a significant role to increase the wireless communication technology in the current scenario. So, it is identified that the wireless communication increased with unexpected level by the use of mobile phone communication. Thus, all the information can be transferred by the people with the use of mobile phones.

At the same time, it can also be concluded that the business organisations face different kind of issues during the use of advanced wireless communication system. The firms can find different kind of errors and issues like network problem, scam, energy consumption, etc. So, it can be said that the wireless communication technology is quite effective but also includes some limitations which are negative for a business organisation. Additionally, it can also be concluded that the organisations are using advance wireless communication is getting the competitive advantage due to low installation, mobility, cost effectiveness, etc. But, in this competitive market, most of the organisations are using wireless communication system to satisfy the organisational people and take the advantage of it. Furthermore, this study also concludes that the advance wireless system is very useful for other areas like improvement in the education system, etc. It is concluded that the advance wireless system is highly helpful for current education system as well as other areas. The level of education is increased by the use of this advanced wireless communication system and the standard of education is also improved by the use of it.

From the above discussion, it can also be suggested that the firm should provide training to the employee so that they can easily adopt advanced technological communication system. The organisation should focus on the training to improve the skills of the employees and they should be able to use wireless communication technology. Additionally, it is also recommended to a firm that it should use appropriate methods to provide training. The low quality training consumes the time and cost of the organisation and also consumes the time of employees. So, an organisation should focus on the good quality training program to improve the effectiveness to reduce the organisational risk and cost. In addition to this, it is also recommended that the organisation should use high quality in the wireless system to reduce the risk of error and problems. The high quality in the wireless system also helps the organisation to remove the problem of sudden get stuck.

 

References

Weigold, A., Weigold, I.K. and Russell, E.J., (2013). Examination of the equivalence of self-report survey-based paper-and-pencil and internet data collection methods. Psychological methods18(1), 53.

Palinkas, L.A., Horwitz, S.M., Green, C.A., Wisdom, J.P., Duan, N. and Hoagwood, K., (2015). Purposeful sampling for qualitative data collection and analysis in mixed method implementation research. Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research42(5), 533-544.

Zikmund, W.G., Babin, B.J., Carr, J.C. and Griffin, M., (2013). Business research methods. USA: Cengage Learning.

Miles, M.B., Huberman, A.M. and Saldana, J., (2013). Qualitative data analysis. USA: Sage publications.

Fram, S.M., (2013). The constant comparative analysis method outside of grounded theory. The Qualitative Report18(1), 1.

Johnston, M.P., (2017). Secondary data analysis: A method of which the time has come. Qualitative and quantitative methods in libraries3(3), 619-6260

Appendix

Survey through Questionnaire

Do you agree on that, there is an increasing use of the wireless communication?    

  • Yes
  • No

Do you consider that in advance wireless communication; there is a vital role of the mobile communication tools?

  • Strongly Agree
  • Agree
  • Neutral
  • Disagree
  • Strongly disagree

In your views, there are different issues that are also faced by the firms in the use of advance wireless communication?

  • Strongly Agree
  • Agree
  • Neutral
  • Disagree
  • Strongly disagree

Do you agree that the use of the wireless communication leads to the different issues in the spectrum like scam, high energy consumption, etc?

  • Strongly Agree
  • Agree
  • Neutral
  • Disagree
  • Strongly disagree

How much you are agreed that wireless technologies provides various advantages in the context of low installation, rapid deployment, mobility, cost, etc?

  • Strongly Agree
  • Agree
  • Neutral
  • Disagree
  • Strongly disagree

Do you think that advance wireless system is helpful for the education system and other areas?

  • Strongly Agree
  • Agree
  • Neutral
  • Disagree
  • Strongly disagree

 

 

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